Download Surface and Lateral Area of Pyramids and Cones

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Challenge: Surface Area and Lateral Area
Vocabulary: height (of a pyramid), lateral area, net, pyramid, slant height, surface area
Hint: How do you think ‘lateral area’ is different from ‘surface area’? Read Question
#1and see if you can guess what area you should calculate.
1. The Giza pyramid complex, shown to the right,
contains some of the most famous pyramids in
a. The largest pyramid in the complex is called
the Great Pyramid of Giza. The pyramid is
about 481 feet in height. The length of each
side of the base is about 756 feet and the
slant height is about 591.5 feet. Find the
lateral area of this pyramid. Show your
b. A gallon of paint covers about 350 square feet. Rounded up to the nearest
gallon, how many gallons of paint would it take to paint a pyramid-shaped
building the same size as the Great Pyramid of Giza? Show your work.
2. For any right triangle, the relationship between the hypotenuse c and legs a and b is
described by the Pythagorean Theorem: a2 + b2 = c2.
Use the Pythagorean Theorem and the right square
pyramid to the right to find the slant height (L) in terms
of the side length of the base (s) and the height of the
pyramid (h). Show your work. (Hint: Use the red
triangle shown inside the pyramid. The legs of the red
triangle are h and 0.5s, and the hypotenuse is L.)