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Chapter 4 Study Guide
The American Revolution
1. Know the list of resolutions in the Declaration of Independence
2. What is the importance of the Battle of Lexington?
3. The inspiration for the Declaration of Independence
4. Why the Battle of Saratoga was a turning point for the Patriots?
5. What is the importance of the Battle of Yorktown?
6. What were the results of the First Continental Congress?
7. Why was the winter at Valley Forge a difficult time for the Continental Army?
8. How was the Patriots’ victory at Yorktown made possible?
9. Thomas Paine’s Common Sense inspired colonists to do what?
10. Who did Native Americans support in the war?
11. What were the results of the Treaty of Paris?
12. What was the main issue debated during the Second Continental Congress?
13. What were Thomas Jefferson’s beliefs?
14. Why was the Battle of Trenton different from the previous battles?
15. What led to the meeting of the First Continental Congress?
16. Why did thousands of African American slaves sign on with the British Army I nthe
Key Terms and People
Patrick Henry
Second Continental Congress
George Washington
Charles Cornwallis
Bernardo de Galvez
Short Answer
1. What was the Treaty of Paris and what were the terms of the treaty?
2. What was the main challenge the Patriots faced against the British at sea? How did
they overcome it?
3. Who was Bernardo de Gálvez and how did he contribute to the American
4. How did Thomas Paine’s pamphlet Common Sense change the way many people
viewed their king? What other significant effects did it have?