CPR Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation is performed to oxygenate and circulate blood. Do Now: Take the test on CPR: Go to the following Website http://www.cprdude.com/cpr-test.shtml When to use CPR: Choking- Poisoning - Drowning or suffocation- Electric shock- . Heart attack – Ventricular Fibrillation- the heart gets out of synch and quivers instead of pumps, causing cardiac arrest. Check Call Care 1. Check the Scene- make sure it is safe for you to help. 2. Check the victim- tap and shout to get response. 3. Call for Help- call 911, or tell someone to call. If alone, call first then start CPR if needed. CAB C. Circulation- A. Airway- A. Breathing- Rescue Breathing Adults: 1 breath every 5 seconds Child: 1 breath every 3 seconds Compression to Breath Ration Adult: 100 compressions per minute speed Pulse Rate (adult) 60-80 beats per minute Respiration Rate (adult) 12- 18 breaths per minute Child: 30 compressions to 2 breaths Reasons to Terminate CPR Rescuers become exhausted and unable to continue Scene becomes unsafe for the rescuers A return of a spontaneous pulse Cardiac Arrest Cardiac Arrest = the heart has stopped, no pulse can be felt. It does not mean the patient is having a heart attack; it means the patient’s heart has stopped beating altogether (i.e. they are dead). Brain Damage begins within 4- 6 minutes following cardiac arrest and becomes irreversible in 8-10 minutes. To be effective, CPR must be started immediately following cardiac arrest. Over time the effectiveness decreases! AED (Automated External Defibrillation) Used to correct electrical abnormalities in the heart Cannot detect a pulse Is used in conjunction with CPR Perform CPR after each shock is administered AED Safety DO NOT touch the patient while the AED is analyzing or delivering a shock!!!!!!!! Prior to applying the electrodes ensure that the patient’s chest is dry. Choking Ask if they are choking. If they can’t cough, speak, or breathe, then they need help. Tell someone to call 9-1-1. If you are alone with an adult, skip this step until later - it's more important to fix the choking. Back Blows Give 5 back blows: 1. 2. Place one arm diagonally across the victim's chest for support and lean him forward. 3. Abdominal Thrusts Give 5 abdominal thrusts: 1. 2. 3. Pull quick, upward thrusts to dislodge the object. Repeat Back Blows and Abdominal Thrusts -until the object is forced out, the victim can breathe, or the victim becomes unconscious.