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Transcript
CPR
Cardio-pulmonary resuscitation is performed to oxygenate
and circulate blood.
Do Now: Take the test on CPR: Go to the following Website
http://www.cprdude.com/cpr-test.shtml
When to use CPR:
Choking-
Poisoning -
Drowning or suffocation-
Electric shock- .
Heart attack –
Ventricular Fibrillation- the heart gets out of synch and quivers instead of
pumps, causing cardiac arrest.
Check Call Care
1. Check the Scene- make sure it is safe for you to help.
2. Check the victim- tap and shout to get response.
3. Call for Help- call 911, or tell someone to call. If alone, call first then start CPR
if needed.
CAB
C. Circulation-
A. Airway-
A. Breathing-
Rescue Breathing
Adults: 1 breath every 5 seconds
Child: 1 breath every 3 seconds
Compression to Breath Ration
Adult:

 100 compressions per minute speed
Pulse Rate (adult) 60-80 beats per minute
Respiration Rate (adult) 12- 18 breaths per minute
Child: 30 compressions to 2 breaths
Reasons to Terminate CPR
 Rescuers become exhausted and unable to continue
 Scene becomes unsafe for the rescuers
 A return of a spontaneous pulse
Cardiac Arrest
Cardiac Arrest = the heart has stopped, no pulse can be felt.
It does not mean the patient is having a heart attack; it means the patient’s
heart has stopped beating altogether (i.e. they are dead).
Brain Damage begins within 4- 6 minutes following cardiac arrest and becomes
irreversible in 8-10 minutes.
To be effective, CPR must be started immediately following cardiac arrest.
Over time the effectiveness decreases!
AED
(Automated External Defibrillation)
 Used to correct electrical abnormalities in the heart
 Cannot detect a pulse
 Is used in conjunction with CPR
 Perform CPR after each shock is administered
AED Safety
DO NOT touch the patient while the AED is analyzing or delivering a shock!!!!!!!!
Prior to applying the electrodes ensure that the patient’s chest is dry.
Choking
 Ask if they are choking. If they can’t cough, speak, or breathe, then they
need help.
 Tell someone to call 9-1-1. If you are alone with an adult, skip this step until
later - it's more important to fix the choking.
Back Blows
Give 5 back blows:
1.
2. Place one arm diagonally across the victim's chest for support and lean him
forward.
3.
Abdominal Thrusts
Give 5 abdominal thrusts:
1.
2.
3. Pull quick, upward thrusts to dislodge the object.
Repeat Back Blows and Abdominal Thrusts -until the object is forced out, the
victim can breathe, or the victim becomes unconscious.