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Information Sheet
Promoting Community Based
Ecotourism in Indonesia
Indonesia is internationally well known as one of top destination country for tourism in the world. Sandy beaches, beautiful
mountains, thick rainforests, combined with unique animal
species such as orang utan, komodo, or coral reefs, and also the
warmth of its people and culture invites up to 8 million people
in 2012 to visit Indonesia.
Along with the raising curve of foreign visitors to Indonesia, the
Government of Indonesia is continually developing strategies
to boost tourism. In 2011, tourism has contributing almost USD
8,555 million to national income, or equal as the fifth biggest
commodity in Indonesia. However, tourism, which on one side
opens economic possibilities, on the other constitutes a threat
to society’s socio-cultural life and even poses a greater danger
to the conditions of ecosystem and biodiversity.
• Ecosystem degradation and local culture extinction as an
impact of mass tourism
• Limited access and ownership opportunity of tourism sites
and management by local people
• Limited support for ecotourism development
• Overlapping policies
To facilitate local community initiatives to develop community
based ecotourism program in coastal ecosystem, agro ecosystem, and forest ecosystem.
Nowadays, ecotourism concept is rapidly developed in Indonesia as it is believed as one of best solution to compromise
between conservation and utilization in a sustainable way.
Ecotourism promotes tourism in natural areas, involving local
community, and relatively small scale rather than mass
tourism. Ecotourism has a way to balancing local economy
without losing the ability of its ecosystem, local people and
local culture to sustain in the future. Ecotourism also attracts
the travelers to deeply interact, learn, and communicate with
local people.
Site Location
• Bali
• Village Ecotourism Network that are owned by local community
in 4 villages: Plaga in the Badung regency, Sibetan and Tenganan
in Karang Asem and Nusa Ceningan in Klungkung.
Local partner: Wisnu Foundation
• Forest ecotourism in Selat Village in Buleleng regency.
Local partner: BUMDES Pandan Harum.
Supported by CIMB Niaga
Bali is an island of around 5,632 km2, with total inhabitants of almost
4 million people is targeting tourism as the main spear-head for its
economic sector. Its unique socio-cultural society, beautiful and
pleasant nature makes Bali one of the prime destinations of world
tourism. KEHATI support local community based ecotourism in:
• Ornamental fish, coral reef restoration and ecotourism in Les
Village Buleleng regency.
Local partner: LINI Foundation, local fisherman in Les Village,
and Nusa Dua Reef Foundation.
Supported by EXIM Bank
Information Sheet
• Maratua Island, East Kalimantan
• Sangihe Islands, North Sulawesi
Maratua Island is located in Berau, East Kalimantan
province. Maratua Island along with Derawan, Sangalaki,
Kakaban, Panjang, and Sasama Islands is well known as
biodiversity hotspot. The islands are featured by high diversity of reef fishes (347 species), corals (222 species), and a
considerable number of protected species (5 giants clam
species, 2 sea turtle species, coconut crab, etc).
Sangihe Islands are spread out along the edge of Pacific
Ocean between two countries (Sulawesi, Indonesia and
Mindanao, the Phillipines). Sangihe Islands have white
sandy beaches, fertile land for agriculture such as nutmeg
and coconut tree, and also have underwater volcano that
are still active until today.
KEHATI support community based ecotourism in Maratua
Island since 2008.
KEHATI supports community based ecotourism in Laine
Dago village, Bebalang island, Mahengetang island, and
Bukide island.
Local partner: Yayasan BESTARI, KSM Dakayu Akkal
Local partner: KSM Komunitas Mandiri Sangihe
• Seribu Islands
• Belitung, Bangka Belitung
Seribu Islands is located at the
north of Jakarta. It’s the nearest
National Marine Park to Capital
City of Indonesia, Jakarta.
Conservation effort in the area is
run along with ecotourism which
organized by local community.
Nowadays, due to the local
community gain benefit from
ecotourism, the coral ecosystem
recovery in Seribu Islands has
brighter future.
KEHATI support community
based ecotourism in Harapan
and Pramuka Islands.
Local partners: Transformasi
Hijau, Elang Laut Wisata,
Supported by Bank Mandiri
Belitung is one of two big islands in Bangka Belitung province.
Local community in the area is trying to conserve biodiversity in
Belitung forest. While working for conservation, the community also uses the area as ecotourism and education. Some of
their ambitious programs are saving endemic species like
Tarsius Bancanus and collecting endemic plant from Belitung
Island for Biodiversity Garden (Taman Kehati).
KEHATI support community based ecotourism in Batu Mentas
and Bukit Peramon.
Local partner: KPLB (Kelompok Pelestari Lingkungan Belitung)
and KSM Air Selumar
Supported by CIMB Niaga
Contact Information
Indonesian Biodiversity Foundation
Jl. Bangka VIII No. 3B, Pela Mampang, Jakarta Selatan 12720
Telp. 021-718 3185 Fax. 021-7196131