Geography 101 • The four hemispheres of the world are Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western. • The seven continents are North America, South America, Asia, Africa, Antarctica and Europe, Australia. • The four oceans are the Pacific, the Atlantic, the Indian and the Arctic. • The Northern and Southern Hemispheres are separated by a line called the Equator. • The Eastern and Western Hemispheres are separated by a line that is called the Prime Meridian. • • • • • Also called Parallels and Latitude Lines of Latitude run east and west. Also called Meridians and Longitude. Longitude run North and south The Tropic of Cancer is 23 ½ degrees North Latitude. • The Tropic of Capricorn is 23 ½ degrees South Latitude. • The four main cardinal directions are north, south, east and west. • The four intermediate cardinal directions are northeast, northwest, southeast and southwest. • On a map, the symbol is a sign or drawing which stands for something else. The key/legend is the part on the map which lists the symbols. • scale shows the map in a smaller size. Key/Legend ^^^^^^^ = mountains ~~~~~~~-= rivers :::::::::= desert - - - - = equator @@@= oceans • A plateau is a raised area of relatively level land • A tributary is a stream that flows into a larger river. • The Continental Divide is the Rocky Mountains that separate rivers flowing toward opposite sides of the continent. • Mountain Range is a series of mountains and peaks touching or in a line • A strait is a narrow passage of water connecting 2 large bodies of water. • The Great Lakes are the worlds largest group of freshwater lakes. • The tropics is the area between the 23 ½ degree N and the 23 ½ degree S. lines of Latitude where it is usually hot. • Plain/ Prairie land is a region of flat or rolling land covered with grasses and good for farming Channel • A wide waterway connecting two larger bodies of water. Harbor • A protected place on the coastline of a sea, lake, or river, used as a shelter for ships and boats. • Hydroelectricity is power generated by moving water.