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• The four hemispheres of the world are
Northern, Southern, Eastern and Western.
• The seven continents are North America,
South America, Asia, Africa, Antarctica and
Europe, Australia.
• The four oceans are the Pacific, the
Atlantic, the Indian and the Arctic.
• The Northern and Southern Hemispheres
are separated by a line called the Equator.
• The Eastern and Western Hemispheres
are separated by a line that is called the
Prime Meridian.
Also called Parallels and Latitude
Lines of Latitude run east and west.
Also called Meridians and Longitude.
Longitude run North and south
The Tropic of Cancer is 23 ½ degrees North
• The Tropic of Capricorn is 23 ½ degrees South
• The four main
directions are
north, south,
east and west.
• The four
directions are
southeast and
• On a map, the
symbol is a sign
or drawing
which stands for
something else.
The key/legend
is the part on
the map which
lists the
• scale shows the
map in a smaller
^^^^^^^ = mountains
~~~~~~~-= rivers
:::::::::= desert
- - - - = equator
@@@= oceans
• A plateau is a raised area of relatively level land
• A tributary is a stream that flows into a larger
• The Continental Divide is the Rocky Mountains
that separate rivers flowing toward opposite sides
of the continent.
• Mountain Range is a series of mountains and
peaks touching or in a line
• A strait is a narrow passage of water connecting 2 large
bodies of water.
• The Great Lakes are the worlds largest group of
freshwater lakes.
• The tropics is the area between the 23 ½ degree N and
the 23 ½ degree S. lines of Latitude where it is usually
• Plain/ Prairie land is a region of flat or rolling land
covered with grasses and good for farming
• A wide waterway connecting two larger
bodies of water.
• A protected place on the coastline of a
sea, lake, or river, used as a shelter for
ships and boats.
• Hydroelectricity is
power generated
by moving water.