The Five Themes of Geography 1: Location Where are things located? A location can be specific (for example, it can be stated as coordinates of longitude and latitude or as a distance from another place) or general (it's in the Northeast). • A. Absolute Location: Where something is exactly…absolutely… address…coordinates with latitude and longitude. • B. Relative Location: where something is in relationship to somewhere else. Next to…across the street from… Absolute Location: Latitude measures north and south of the Equator. Longitude measures east and west of the Equator. Sendai is located at 38°5’53”N Latitude, 140°52’ 22”E Longitude Latitude measures north and south of the Equator. Longitude measures east and west of the Prime Meridian. Hemisphere: “hemi” = half “sphere”= circle or globe Equator Prime Meridian For the Eastside Word Wall: Equator: A line of latitude that divides the world into the Northern and Southern hemispheres. Prime Meridian: A line of longitude that divides the world into the Eastern and Western hemispheres. Find the latitude. *4 1* *3 2* *5 *6 Find the longitude. Relative Location: …is the place where something is in comparison to something else. ‡ A good example of relative location is if you were to give directions to somebody and you used terms such as "it is across the street from the Middle School" or "it is to the left of the Post Office.“ …can also be on a larger scale. ‡ A good example would be saying that Lake Michigan is between Illinois and Michigan. Relative Location: Australia is located south of Indonesia. Where is “Blue Hills Trail” located? 2: Place What makes one location different from other locations? Differences might be defined in terms of climate, physical features, or the people who live there and their traditions. How are these locations different? What makes us different or the same? 3: Movement What are the patterns of movement of people, products, and information? A study of movement includes learning about major modes of transportation used by people, an area's major exports and imports, and ways in which people communicate (move ideas). How we get from one location to another. 4: Region How can Earth be divided into regions for study? Regions can be defined by a number of characteristics including area, language, political divisions, religions, and vegetation (for example, grassland, marshland, desert, rain forest). Name the different characteristics of each region. Cultural Regions of the World. Languages of Europe Different views of the same regions. 5: Human-Environmental Interaction Human-environmental interactions involve the different ways people depend on, adapt to, or change their environments. What are the relationships among people and places? How have people changed the environment to better suit their needs? What did farmers do here to adapt to the environment? Colorado River Lake Mead, a man made lake. Turbines for hydroelectric power. How is this HumanEnvironmental Interaction? 1. 2. 3. 4. List the elements of HEI… 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Can you think of another theme of geography that fits this picture? “You should have seen the one that got away…” Oops…Back to geography… How is this HEI? Describe the elements of HumanEnvironmental Interaction… What other activities would illustrate HEI? 1. 2. 3. 4.