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The Five
Themes of
1: Location
Where are things located?
A location can be specific (for
example, it can be stated as coordinates
of longitude and latitude or as a
distance from another place) or general
(it's in the Northeast).
• A. Absolute Location: Where something is
address…coordinates with latitude and
• B. Relative Location: where something is
in relationship to somewhere else. Next
to…across the street from…
Absolute Location:
Latitude measures north
and south of the Equator.
Longitude measures east
and west of the Equator.
Sendai is located at 38°5’53”N Latitude, 140°52’ 22”E Longitude
Latitude measures north and
south of the Equator.
Longitude measures east and
west of the Prime Meridian.
Hemisphere: “hemi” = half
“sphere”= circle or globe
Prime Meridian
For the Eastside Word Wall:
Equator: A line of latitude that
divides the world into the Northern
and Southern hemispheres.
Prime Meridian: A line of longitude
that divides the world into the
Eastern and Western hemispheres.
Find the latitude.
Find the longitude.
Relative Location:
…is the place where something is in
comparison to something else.
‡ A good example of relative location is if you
were to give directions to somebody and
you used terms such as "it is across the
street from the Middle School" or "it is to
the left of the Post Office.“
…can also be on a larger scale.
‡ A good example would be saying that Lake
Michigan is between Illinois and Michigan.
Relative Location:
Australia is
located south of
Where is “Blue Hills
Trail” located?
2: Place
What makes one location different
from other locations?
Differences might be defined in
terms of climate, physical features, or
the people who live there and their
How are these locations different?
What makes us different or the same?
3: Movement
What are the patterns of movement of
people, products, and information?
A study of movement includes learning
about major modes of transportation used
by people, an area's major exports and
imports, and ways in which people
communicate (move ideas).
How we get from one location to
4: Region
How can Earth be divided into regions
for study?
Regions can be defined by a number of
characteristics including area, language,
political divisions, religions, and vegetation
(for example, grassland, marshland,
desert, rain forest).
Name the different characteristics of each region.
Cultural Regions of the World.
Languages of Europe
Different views of the same regions.
5: Human-Environmental
Human-environmental interactions involve
the different ways people depend on,
adapt to, or change their environments.
What are the relationships among people
and places? How have people changed
the environment to better suit their
What did farmers do here to adapt to the environment?
Colorado River
Lake Mead, a
man made lake.
Turbines for hydroelectric power.
How is this HumanEnvironmental Interaction?
List the
elements of
Can you think of another theme of
geography that fits this picture?
“You should have
seen the one that
got away…”
Oops…Back to
geography… How
is this HEI?
Describe the elements of HumanEnvironmental Interaction…
What other activities would illustrate HEI?