The Individual and Society…Socialization I Standard: SSSocSC1: Students will explain the process of socialization. a. Identify and describes the roles and responsibilities of an individual in society. Essential Question: What would we be like without society? Socially awkward What does it mean? What might cause someone to be “socially awkward”? Describe the traits of someone who is socially awkward (do not name names!!!) Socialization Learning the roles, statuses, behaviors, and values necessary for participation in society. Simply put… being able to live around other people. EQ… What would we be like without society? Psychology review… Personality= sum total of all behaviors, attitudes, beliefs, and values characteristic of an individual. Instinct= unchanging biologically inherited behavior pattern. I= the spontaneous, creative part of the self. (Irresponsible) Me= the self as social object (responsible, thinks of others). Example… when your alarm goes off in the a.m. the “I” says roll over and keep sleeping, the “me” knows that you need to fulfill your role and get up and go to class. Social Psychology Where psych and sociology MEET… PSYCH + SOCIOLOGY = SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY Study of how an individual’s behavior and personality (psych) are affected by the social environment and others (sociology). This has absolutely NOTHING to do with Sociology, but I had to share it with you… Nature vs. Nurture Nature argument= we are a product of heredity. We are who we are based on biology and genetics. Nurture argument= we are who we are because of our environment/ society. What do you think? Nature or nurture? Does heredity give us patterns of social behavior or does environment dictate how we act socially? In other words, am I born an outgoing leader or does that environment/ atmosphere that I grow up in make me that way? Sociologists continue to debate this, but one thing is for sure… nature is never enough. Discussion… What is one social trait you think you have because of nature? What is one social trait you think you have because of nurture? GO BACK TO YOUR “I AM” WORKSHEET AND LOOK AT WHAT YOU WROTE. NEXT TO EACH, WRITE IF YOU FEEL YOU ARE THIS WAY BECAUSE OF NATURE OR BECAUSE OF NURTURE. WHAT IF… You didn’t meet people other than your parents until you were five, ten, or even fifteen? You were completely isolated? ANTHROPHOBIA= FEAR OF PEOPLE OR SOCIETY. Factors that Shape Individual Personality Development Heredity: physical traits, aptitudes (capacity to learn), inherited characteristics, biological drives. Simply put, you get a lot of who you are from your parents. Birth Order: We are influenced by siblings and whether or not we are first, middle, last, etc. Parental Characteristics: The age of your parents, level of education, economic status, heritage, etc all “rub off on you”… again… you get a lot of who you are from your parents…like it or not. Culture… the culture that we identify with has a profound effect on who we become. Isolation in Childhood What if you had no contact with others… you were never socialized. These children are called FERAL CHILDREN. Most recent case= Genie Studies of feral children are central to the nature vs. nurture debate. What do you think… which has more effect Nature or nurture???? Institutionalization What happens to the development of children in orphanages or hospitals with limited social contact. They have some of the same characteristics of isolated children. Within two years of one study half of the children had “wasted away” and died. Of those that survived, fewer than 25% could walk by themselves, use a spoon, or dress themselves. Only one could form complete sentences. Books: Bring Books To Class Tomorrow!!!!