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OSHA – Occupational Safety
and Health Administration
• William Coulehan
• Barbara Smith
• Calumet City Area Office
– (708) 891-3800
REGION V
• Federal
– Illinois, Ohio, Wisconsin
• State Plans
– Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota
ENFORCEMENT - ILLINOIS
• OSHA
• Private Sector
• Federal Employees
• Illinois Department of
Labor
• Employees of
•
•
•
•
STATE
COUNTY
MUNICIPALITY
PUBLIC SCHOOLS
OSHA Offices in Illinois
•
•
•
•
•
Aurora - (630) 896-8700
Calumet City - (708) 891-3800
Chicago North - (847) 803-4800
Peoria - (309) 671-7033
Fairview Heights - (618) 632-8612
• REGION V - (312) 353-2220
CONSULTATION
• ILLINOIS : Onsite Consultation Program
– 1-800-972-4216
(312) 814-2337
• INDIANA: Bureau of Safety and Health
Training (BUSET) (317) 232-2688
• WISCONSIN: Department of Commerce
– (262) 523-3040
• OSHA
– 1-800-321-OSHA (hot line)
–www.osha.gov
•
•
•
•
•
•
Standards
Interpretations
News Bulletins
Training material
Training Institute Schedule
e-Tools
OSHA STANDARDS
• 29 CFR 1910.132(d)(1)(i)
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
29 - Department of LABOR
CFR - Code of Federal Regulations
1910 - General Industry (1926 - Construction)
132 - Personal Protective Equipment –General Requirements
(d) – Hazard Assessment & Equipment Selection
(1) – “The employer shall assess the workplace…”
(i) - “Select and have…. employees use the type of PPE”
OSHA STANDARDS
• 29 CFR 1910 – General Industry
– 1910.1200 – Hazard Communication
– 1910.132 thru .139 – P. P. E.
• 1910.134 Respirators
– 1910.147 – Lockout Tagout
• 1910.333 - Electrical
– 1910.1000 thru .1052 – Air Contaminants
– 1910.38 – Employee Emergency / Fire Plans
AIR CONTAMINANTS
• Expanded Health Standards
– Require an initial exposure determination
• 1910.1001 – Asbestos
1926-1101 – Asbestos (Construction)
• 1910.1018 – Inorganic Arsenic
• 1910.1025 – Lead
• 1910.1027 – Cadmium
• 1910.1048 - Formaldehyde
General Duty Clause - 5(a)(1)
Each employer "shall furnish . . . a place of
employment which is free from recognized
hazards that are causing or are likely to cause
death or serious physical harm to his
employees.”
- recognized hazard
- likely to cause death or serious physical
harm
- feasible and useful method to correct the
hazard
HEIRARCHY of CONTROLS
• Engineering Controls
• Administrative Controls
• Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
Engineering Controls
Substitution
Process modification
Enclosing or confining operations or worker
Ventilation
Administrative Controls
Work practice controls
Job rotation
Task timing
Personal Protective Equipment
Last line of defense!
- Gloves, goggles, helmets, safety shoes,
protective clothing, respirators
- Individually selected, properly fitted and
periodically refitted, properly worn,
regularly maintained, and replaced as
necessary
Hazard Communication.
subpart Number: Z 1910.1200
Toxic and Hazardous Substances
• Purpose." (a)(1) To ensure that the hazards of all
chemicals produced or imported are evaluated,
and that information concerning their hazards is
transmitted to employers and employees.
Hazard
Communication
Program
Program
Container
Labeling
Label
Material
Safety
Data Sheet
M.S.D.S.
15
Hazard Communication.
Subpart Number: Z 1910.1200
Toxic and Hazardous Substances
• (e) "Written hazard
communication program."
Employers shall develop,
implement, and maintain at each
workplace, a written hazard
communication program which
at least describes how the criteria
specified in paragraphs (f), (g),
and (h) of this section …. will be
met.
Haz Com Program
(f) "Labels and other forms
of warning."
(g) "Material safety data
sheets."
(h) "Employee information
and training."
16
Hazard Communication.
Subpart Number: Z 1910.1200
Toxic and Hazardous Substances
• (g) "Material safety
data sheets. "Employers
shall have a material
safety data sheet in the
workplace for each
hazardous chemical
which they use.”
17
Hazard Communication.
Subpart Number: Z 1910.1200
Toxic and Hazardous Substances
• (f)(5) Ensure that each
container of hazardous
chemicals in the workplace is
labeled, tagged or marked with
the following information:
– Identity of the hazardous
chemical(s)
– contained therein; and,
Appropriate hazard
warnings, or alternatively,
words, pictures symbols, or
combination thereof,
18
Hazard Communication.
Subpart Number: Z 1910.1200
Toxic and Hazardous Substances
• (h) "Employee information
and training." Employers shall
provide employees with
effective information and
training…
– at the time of their initial
assignment,
– whenever a new physical
or health hazard …. is
introduced into their work
19
Hazard Communication.
Subpart Number: Z 1910.1200
Toxic and Hazardous Substances
• "Training." Employee training shall include
at least:
– Methods and observations that may be used to detect
the presence or release …
– The physical and health hazards…
– The measures employees can take to protect
themselves…
– The details of the hazard communication program…
20
Personal Protective Equipment
(PPE) 1910.132
(a) Protective
equipment …shall
be provided, used
and maintained
…wherever it is
necessary by
reason of hazards
…capable of
causing injury or
impairment
Establishing a PPE Program
• A PPE program sets out procedures for selecting,
providing and using PPE as part of an employer’s
routine operation
• The first essential step is to assess the workplace
to determine if hazards are present, or are likely to
be present, which necessitate the use of PPE
• Once the proper PPE has been selected, the
employer must provide training to each employee
who is required to use PPE

1910.132(d)(1) The
employer shall assess the
workplace to determine if
hazards are present …
which necessitate the use
of personal protective
equipment. If such hazards
are present …., the
employer shall:
– i) select and have
affected employee use
– ii) communicate
selection decisions to
each affected employee
– iii) select PPE that
properly fits

1910.132(d)(2) Employer shall
verify that the required workplace
hazard assessment has been
performed through a WRITTEN
CERTIFICATION that identifies:
– the workplace assessed
– the person certifying that the
assessment has been
performed
– date(s) of the assessment
– the document as a
certification of hazard
assessment
VERIFICATION
OF
ASSESSMENT

PPE 1910.132
(f)(1) The employer shall provide
training to each employee who is
required by the PPE section to use
PPE … shall be trained to know at
least the following:
› when PPE is necessary
› what PPE is necessary
› how to properly don, doff,
adjust and wear PPE
› the proper care, maintenance,
useful life and disposal of the
PPE
Eye & Face Protection

General Requirements
– When exposed to eye
or face hazards,
employees shall use
appropriate
protection
– Side Protection
– Prescription lenses
– Markings
– Filter lenses
Hand Protection


General Requirements
– Skin Hazards
Selection
– Based ON:
– Performance
characteristics of the
protection …tasks
– Conditions present
– Duration of use
– Hazards or potential
hazards identified
OSHA Respirator Standard
29 CFR 1910.134
• Applies to:
– General Industry
– Construction
– Shipyards
– Marine Terminals
– Longshoring
Respiratory Protection Program
• Written program
– When required by the employer
– When required by OSHA
– Partial program for voluntary usage of
elastomeric facepieces
Written Program Elements
Program Administrator
Selection of Respirators (Change Schedule)
Medical Evaluation
Fit Testing
Emergency Procedures
Maintenance
Training
Evaluation of program effectiveness
Voluntary Respirator Usage
• Determine the respirator will not create a
hazard
• Provide information in appendix D
• Limited written program
– Medical Evaluation (except for Dust Mask)
Medical Evaluation
• Required before the employee is fit-tested
or required to use the respirator in the
facility
• May be through a physical examination or a
questionnaire (appendix C contains a
questionnaire)
Training And Information
• Cover necessity of respirator, limitations,
emergency situations, inspection,
maintenance & storage, medical signs &
symptoms, effective use of respirators,
general requirements of respirator standard
Program Evaluation
• Conduct evaluations
of the workplace to
ensure program is
properly implemented
• Regularly consult
employees
29 CFR 1910.147 (and
1910.333(b)(2))
Control of Hazardous Energy
(Lockout/Tagout)
35
The Standard Applies to:
• General industry workers
performing servicing and
maintenance on machines
and equipment who are
exposed to unexpected
energization, startup, or
release of hazardous energy.
What activities/operations are
covered?
• Mechanical hydraulic, pneumatic, chemical, thermal,
or other energy
• Constructing, installing, setting up, adjusting,
installing, and modifying machines and equipment
• Servicing and maintenance during normal operations
• Establishes minimum performance requirements
What’s the purpose of the standard and
how is it accomplished?
• Prevent unexpected startup of
machines and equipment
• Release of stored energy to
prevent workplace injuries
• Requires employer to
establish an energy
control program
What’s the employer’s obligation in
establishing energy control
procedures?
• Employers must
Lockout Procedures
– Develop
– DOCUMENT, and
– Use
Lockout Procedures
WORKSHOP