Hazard Communication This picture shows brake cleaner stored in front of oxygen. Flammable and combustible materials must be stored at least 20 ft. away from oxygen. Introduction • About 32 million workers work with and are potentially exposed to one or more chemical hazards • There are approximately 650,000 existing chemical products, and hundreds of new ones being introduced annually • Chemical exposure may cause or contribute to many serious health effects such as heart ailments, central nervous system damage, kidney and lung damage, sterility, cancer, burns, and rashes • Some chemicals may also be safety hazards and have the potential to cause fires and explosions and other serious accidents OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) often cites companies for violations of this standard. Standard # $ in Penalties Citations Description 1910.1200 3285 633393.97 Hazard Communication 1910.0147 3274 4958131.31 Lockout/Tagout 1910.134 2533 658683.97 Respiratory Protection 1910.0212 2402 3787134.86 Machines, general requirements 1910.0305 2055 754403.04 Electrical 1910.0219 1889 1320907.06 Mechanical power transmission apparatus Purpose of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard To ensure that employers and employees know about work hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced. There are three components of Cummins’ program. Hazard Communication Program Container Labeling Material Safety Data Sheet MSDS Program Label Application • The hazard communication rule applies to any chemical which is known to be present in the workplace in such a manner that employees may be exposed under normal conditions of use or in a foreseeable emergency. Products Exempt from this Rule • Any hazardous waste as defined by the Solid Waste Disposal Act; • Any hazardous substance defined by (CERCLA) • Tobacco or tobacco products; • Wood or wood products, including lumber. • Articles. By definition, a manufactured item is exempted as an article if "under normal conditions of use it does not release more than very small quantities Products Exempt from this Rule • Food or alcoholic beverages which are sold, used, or prepared in a retail establishment • Any drug. • Cosmetics • Any consumer product or hazardous substance where the employer can show that it is used in the workplace for the purpose intended by the chemical manufacturer or importer of the product, • Nuisance particulates (dust) • Ionizing and nonionizing radiation • Biological hazards. What are Hazardous Chemicals? "Any chemical which is a physical or health hazard." • Physical hazards - are chemical reactions that could result in a fire, explosion, and/or toxic gas release which cause physical trauma if chemicals are handled or stored improperly. • Health hazards - are health effects (illness or disease) caused directly by the chemicals themselves, not an injury resulting from a reaction. All chemical materials can cause health problems under the wrong conditions. Forms of Hazardous Chemicals • Dusts - are finely divided particles. • Fumes - are even smaller particles usually formed when solid metal is heated and vaporized, and then condenses as tiny particles. • Fibers - are similar to dusts but are of an elongated shape. Examples - asbestos and fiberglass. • Mists - are liquid droplets that have been sprayed into the atmosphere. • Vapors - are gases formed when liquid evaporates. • Gases - are substances that are normally airborne at room temperature. A vapor is the gaseous phase of a substance which is a normally a liquid or solid at room temperature. • Solids - such as metal, treated wood, plastic. • Liquids - the most common form in the workplace. How must chemicals be labeled? Each container of hazardous chemicals entering the workplace must be labeled or marked with: • Identity of the chemical • Appropriate hazard warnings • Name and address of the responsible party Container Labeling in the Workplace • We'll take a look at the labeling requirements for three types of containers referred to in the hazard communication standard: – Primary containers – Secondary containers – Stationary containers – Portable containers Primary Container Labeling • Most containers you receive directly from the manufacturer or purchase from a distributor are called primary containers. – Identity of the hazardous chemical(s); – Appropriate hazard warnings, including target organ effects of the hazardous chemical; and – Name and address of the chemical manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party. In this case, acids should never be stored with bases, such as bleach. If you don’t know which chemicals can be stored together, look at the Material Safety Data Sheet. Secondary Container Labeling • Each secondary container of hazardous chemicals in the workplace must be labeled, tagged or marked with at least the following information: – Identity of the hazardous chemical(s) contained therein; and, – Appropriate hazard warnings, or words, pictures, and/or symbols which provide at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals, If you create a secondary container – Label it! Without a label, what is this? Alternative Labeling • You will encounter the use of alternative labeling systems such as the HMIS (Hazardous Materials Information System), NFPA, and others. Portable Container Labeling • Portable containers are used to transfer hazardous chemicals from labeled containers, and are intended only for the immediate use of the employee who performs the transfer. The employer is not required to label portable containers. Material Safety Data Sheets Every chemical on-site has an MSDS that was prepared by the chemical manufacturer or importer. The MSDS can be of any length and should contain the following sections. • Product and Company Identification • Accidental Release Measures • Composition / Information on Ingredients • Exposure Control / Personal Protection • Hazards Identification • First Aid Measures • Physical and Chemical Properties • Fire Fighting Measures • Stability and Reactivity • Accidental Release Measures • Toxicological information • Handling and Storage • Disposal Considerations • Transport Information Material Safety Data Sheets (cont’d) • The master list of MSDSs is kept by the first aid station and MSDS binders are located in each of the service trucks. Also, a phone MSDS service can be used to fax over MSDSs immediately as needed. The phone number is 1-800451-8346 (3E Company). All flammable and combustible liquids must be covered whenever stored. This is noted on the MSDS for diesel fuel. Hazard Communication If you have any questions on Hazard Communication, contact your supervisor or submit using the “ASK THE EXPERT” menu selection on this website.