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Early China
What is China’s geography like?
-What does this mean for people who
live there?
Civilization
• Cultural Hearth
– Outsiders seen as “barbarians”
• Xia Dynasty 2000 BCE
• Shang Dynasty 1500 BCE
Family
Religion
Writing
Tech & Art
Respect for parents
Elder Male
Girls married 13-16
-Had to have a boy
to move up in
status
Spirits of family
ancestors
God- Shang Di
Oracle Bones
Characters stand
Bronze working
for ideas
Silk clothing
Spoken & Written is
different
1,000 literate
10,000 scholar
Zhou Dynasty
• Overthrew Shang 1027-256 BCE
• Mandate of Heaven- divine approval for a
ruler
• Built roads and canals to supply cities
• Coined money
• First to use Iron= stronger weapons and
tools
• Chinese values of honor, love & respect
for authority fell to nomads
Chinese Accomplishments
•
•
•
•
•
•
•
Porcelain
Compass
Medicine
Gunpowder
Printing
Paper
Embroidery
People of China
• Han
– 92% of population
• 55 other Ethnic Groups
– Tibet
– Mongolia
• Urbanization
– 90% of people live on 1/6th of land
– Building of Agricultural Centers
– One child policy???
Modern China
• Revolutionary China
– 1911- end of emperors
– 1927- Chiang Kai-shek
• Mao Zedong
– 1949- Communists Victory
• Economic Change
– “Great Leap Forward”
– 1970s private ownership