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Social Studies Exam
What was the main advantage of
the South in the Civil War?
The strong support of
its white population.
In boomtowns, people who dealt
out their own brand of justice
without benefit of judge or jury
were called
The plan that preserved the
balance between slave and free
state in the Senate was the
Missouri Compromise
Railroad construction was made
possible by government financial
aid and land grants called
What railroad connected the
Atlantic and Pacific coasts?
Transcontinental railroad
Which of the following marked the
end of the Cattle Kingdom?
Price collapse of mid-1880’s
One of the greatest dangers of a
cattle drives was
The stampede
The first college in the United
States to admit women and African
Americans was
Oberlin College of Ohio
The first president of the
Confederate States of America was
Jefferson Davis
Where was the first major battle
of the Civil War?
Bull Run ( Manassas)
What government agency set up
schools and helped formerly
enslaved African Americans in the
Freedmen’s Bureau
Which invention filled the need
for a method of communication
that kept up with the industrial
growth and fast-paced travel?
What did John Deere invent in
The steel-tipped plow
An invention that ensured that
raising wheat would remain the
main economic activity in the
Midwestern prairies was the
The mechanical reaper
To improve their working
conditions, workers formed
organizations called
Trade Unions
People opposed to immigration
were known as
What kept the price of cotton
high in the years before 1860?
Demand in Great Britain
Who was the religious leader who
led a slave revolt in 1831?
Nat Turner
Who was the school teacher who
helped reform attitudes toward
the mentally ill?
Dorothea Dix
People who stressed the
relationship between human and
nature and the importance of the
individual conscience were called
By 1830, the most pressing social
issue for reformers was
the antislavery movement
Many leading abolitionist were
involved in the antislavery
movement and
Women’s rights
Elizabeth Blackwell made
contributions in the field of
An exaggerated loyalty to a
particular region of the country is
The law that required all citizens
to catch runaway enslaved
people was the
Fugitive Slave Act
What act did Sam Houston
predict would “convulse the
country from Maine to the
Rio Grande”?
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Rival proslavery and
antislavery existed in
What Supreme Court
decision meant that the
Constitution protected
The Dred Scott Case
The first state to vote to
secede was
South Carolina
Southerners justified
secession with the
theory of
States rights
The event that marked
the beginning of the Civil
War was
the shelling of Fort Sumter
Perhaps the most
important border state
For the South, the
primary aim of the was
to win recognition as
as an independent nation.
The victorious Confederate
army was only 20 miles from
Washington D.C., after the
second battle at
Bull Run (Manassas)
The single bloodies day
of the entire war took
place at
From the start of the
war, the North’s main
goal was
to preserve the Union
What law did Abraham Lincoln
formally sign on January 1,
1863, which freed enslaved
African Americans in the
Emancipation Proclamation
The law that required men
between certain ages to serve
in the army for three years
was called the
President Abraham Lincoln’s
address at what battlefield
helped war-weary Americans
focus on their shared ideals?
General Robert E. Lee
surrendered to
General Ulysses S. Grant in a
small Virginia village called
Appomattox Courthouse
The period of rebuilding
the South after the Civil
War was called
African Americans were
helped to make the
transition to freedom by
Freedmen’s Bureau
African Americans were
granted full citizenship
by the
Civil Rights Act of 1866
All individuals born in
the United States were
granted full citizenship
by the
Fourteenth Amendment
When President Andrew
Johnson violated the Tenure
of Office Act, the House of
Representatives voted to
What amendment gave
African Americans men
the right to vote?
Fifteenth Amendment
What did African
Americans see as an
important step to a
better life?
What ended
The Compromise of 1877
As a means of keeping poor
people and African Americans
from voting, many Southern
states required
A poll tax, a literacy test or proof
that “your” grandfather voted.