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Transcript
LEARNING THEORIES
BEHAVIORISM, COGNITIVISM, CONSTRUCTIVISM
Background Information

Learning theories allow teachers to better understand
the process of learning.

Together with the use of technology, learn theories have
made a significant impact in the classroom.

There are many learning paradigms, however,
behaviorism, cognitivism and constructivism will be the
focus for this lesson.
Behaviorism

The theory originates from the works of Ivan Pavlov’s, classical
conditioning, and B. F. Skinner’s, operant conditioning.

Classical Conditioning is when an unconditioned stimulus and
response is manipulated with a conditioned stimulus to create a
conditioned response.

Operant Conditioning is a controlled response with a reward/
punishment system according to the behavior.

The learner needs reinforcements to keep interest.


Stimuli are effective in controlling behavior.
As a result, the behaviors can be measured to record learning success.
Cognitivism



Information Processing looks at how information is retrieved and
stored.
This theory focuses on how to store and retrieve information.
Learning is attained through rehearsal and consistent use of the
information.
 Retention strategies such as breaking down information and
comparing the information to long term storage are great techniques.
Constructivism

Constructivism views learning as a process in which the learner
constructs knowledge based on their past experiences.

The teacher only acts as a facilitator who encourages students to
explore within a given framework.
Learners may collaborate with others
to organize their ideas and learn from
each other to construct their own
knowledge.
Putting It All Together
Learning Theory
Behaviorism
Cognitivism
Constructivism
Learning Process
Through positive/
negative
reinforcement and
punishment
Rehearsing
information and then
storing it for long term
use
Technology Support
Educational software
can be used to
measure the students
assessment
Flashcards and
memory games can
help retain information
taught in a lesson
Constructing ones
own knowledge
through past
experiences and
group collaboration
Group PowerPoint
projects allow students
to work together and
combine their
knowledge to learn
Web Resources

Behavioral Learning Theory


Cognitivism Learning Theory


http://suedstudent.syr.edu/~ebarrett/ide621/behavior.htm
http://web.syr.edu/~walker/COGNITIVISMTHEORIES.htm
Constructivism Learning Theory

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Learning_theories