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Lifespan Development
Physical and Cognitive
Development in Early Adulthood
20 - 40
Chapter 13
Physical Functioning
Primary Aging
 Secondary Aging
Physical Functioning
Primary Aging
 Secondary Aging
 Brain Development
 Limbic
 Sex
 White
Matter –Myelin - Men
 Grey Matter – Cell bodies/ Axon terminals
Peak in Physical Functioning
Health & Wellness
19 Million STDs are one of the most critical health challenges facing the nation today. CDC estimates that there
are 19 million new infections every year in the United States.
$17 Billion
STDs cost the U.S. health care system $17 billion every year—and cost individuals even more in immediate and
life-long health consequences
Rates of loss vary due to …
 Health
 Social Support
 Sense of Personal Control
Abuse – Global Health Problem
 Causes?
 Types
– “Violence is Violence”
 Sexual
 Causes
Rates of Mental Illnesses
Higher Incidence than in Middle
Adulthood – Why?
Schizophrenia, a term introduced by Bleuler, names a
persistent, often chronic and usually serious mental
disorder affecting a variety of aspects of behavior,
thinking, and emotion. Patients with delusions or
hallucinations may be described as psychotic. Thinking
may be disconnected and illogical. Peculiar behaviors
may be associated with social withdrawal and
 Diagnostic criteria for Schizophrenia
(cautionary statement)
 A. Characteristic symptoms: Two (or more) of the
following, each present for a significant portion of time
during a 1-month period (or less if successfully
treated): (1) delusions (2) hallucinations (3)
disorganized speech (e.g., frequent derailment or
incoherence) (4) grossly disorganized or catatonic
behavior(5) negative symptoms, i.e., affective flattening,
alogia, or avolition
Rates of Mental Illnesses
Higher Incidence than in Middle
Adulthood – Why?
Personality Disorders
Diagnostic criteria for 301.0 Paranoid Personality Disorder
(cautionary statement)
A. A pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their
motives are interpreted as malevolent, beginning by early adulthood
and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more)
of the following:
(1) suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting,
harming, or deceiving him or her
(2) is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or
trustworthiness of friends or associates
(3) is reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear
that the information will be used maliciously against him or her
(4) reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign
remarks or events
(5) persistently bears grudges, i.e., is unforgiving of insults, injuries,
or slights
(6) perceives attacks on his or her character or reputation that are
not apparent to others and is quick to react angrily or to
(7) has recurrent suspicions, without justification, regarding fidelity
of spouse or sexual partner
B. Does not occur exclusively during the course of Schizophrenia, a
Mood Disorder With Psychotic Features, or another Psychotic
Disorder and is not due to the direct physiological effects of a
general medical condition.
Note: If criteria are met prior to the onset of Schizophrenia, add
"Premorbid," e.g., "Paranoid Personality Disorder (Premorbid)."
Diagnostic criteria for 301.81 Narcissistic Personality
(cautionary statement)
A pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for
admiration, and lack of empathy, beginning by early adulthood and
present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the
(1) has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates
achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior
without commensurate achievements)
(2) is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power,
brilliance, beauty, or ideal love
(3) believes that he or she is "special" and unique and can only be
understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status
people (or institutions)
(4) requires excessive admiration
(5) has a sense of entitlement, i.e., unreasonable expectations of
especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or
her expectations
(6) is interpersonally exploitative, i.e., takes advantage of others to
achieve his or her own ends
(7) lacks empathy: is unwilling to recognize or identify with the
feelings and needs of others
(8) is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of
him or her
Cognitive Changes
Beyond Piaget?
 Dialectic
Types of Intelligence
 Crystallized
 Fluid
 Processing
Post Secondary Education
Traditional v. Non-traditional
Students with Disabilities
Gender Differences
Lifespan Development
Social and Personality
Development in Early Adulthood
20 - 40
Chapter 14
Personality Development
Intimacy v. Isolation
 Social
Role Theory
 Evolutionary Theory
 Duplication of Relationships
Intimate Relationships
2 Primary Factors Considered
 Attachment
 Love
Sternberg’s model of Love
 Intimacy
 Passion
 Commitment
Combine to form 7 types
of love
Quality of Relationships
What would you suggest to reverse or halt this
_______ oriented activities v. leisure activities
Happiness and Health Scales for
married v. single
 Divorced young adults experience
more loneliness and depression.
Successful Types
 Validating
 Volatile
 Avoidant
Unsuccessful Types
 Hostile
 Hostile Detached
 Divorce
Economic Effects
Social Support
 Historically
adults wanted to be
parents – Why?
 Can lead to relationship
dissatisfaction - ?
 Positive Factors
Contributors to choice of profession
 Job Satisfaction rises steadily due to:
 Greater chances for promotion
 Increased earnings
2 stages in the work role
 Trial
 Establishment
Work & division of labor in the home.