Lifespan Development Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Adulthood 20 - 40 Chapter 13 Physical Functioning Primary Aging Secondary Aging Physical Functioning Primary Aging Secondary Aging Brain Development Limbic Sex Differences White Matter –Myelin - Men Grey Matter – Cell bodies/ Axon terminals Peak in Physical Functioning STDs Health & Wellness 19 Million STDs are one of the most critical health challenges facing the nation today. CDC estimates that there are 19 million new infections every year in the United States. $17 Billion STDs cost the U.S. health care system $17 billion every year—and cost individuals even more in immediate and life-long health consequences Rates of loss vary due to … Health Habits Social Support Sense of Personal Control Abuse – Global Health Problem Causes? Types – “Violence is Violence” Sexual Causes Violence Rates of Mental Illnesses Higher Incidence than in Middle Adulthood – Why? Schizophrenia Schizophrenia, a term introduced by Bleuler, names a persistent, often chronic and usually serious mental disorder affecting a variety of aspects of behavior, thinking, and emotion. Patients with delusions or hallucinations may be described as psychotic. Thinking may be disconnected and illogical. Peculiar behaviors may be associated with social withdrawal and disinterest. Diagnostic criteria for Schizophrenia (cautionary statement) A. Characteristic symptoms: Two (or more) of the following, each present for a significant portion of time during a 1-month period (or less if successfully treated): (1) delusions (2) hallucinations (3) disorganized speech (e.g., frequent derailment or incoherence) (4) grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior(5) negative symptoms, i.e., affective flattening, alogia, or avolition Rates of Mental Illnesses Higher Incidence than in Middle Adulthood – Why? Schizophrenia Personality Disorders Diagnostic criteria for 301.0 Paranoid Personality Disorder (cautionary statement) A. A pervasive distrust and suspiciousness of others such that their motives are interpreted as malevolent, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by four (or more) of the following: (1) suspects, without sufficient basis, that others are exploiting, harming, or deceiving him or her (2) is preoccupied with unjustified doubts about the loyalty or trustworthiness of friends or associates (3) is reluctant to confide in others because of unwarranted fear that the information will be used maliciously against him or her (4) reads hidden demeaning or threatening meanings into benign remarks or events (5) persistently bears grudges, i.e., is unforgiving of insults, injuries, or slights (6) perceives attacks on his or her character or reputation that are not apparent to others and is quick to react angrily or to counterattack (7) has recurrent suspicions, without justification, regarding fidelity of spouse or sexual partner B. Does not occur exclusively during the course of Schizophrenia, a Mood Disorder With Psychotic Features, or another Psychotic Disorder and is not due to the direct physiological effects of a general medical condition. Note: If criteria are met prior to the onset of Schizophrenia, add "Premorbid," e.g., "Paranoid Personality Disorder (Premorbid)." Diagnostic criteria for 301.81 Narcissistic Personality Disorder (cautionary statement) A pervasive pattern of grandiosity (in fantasy or behavior), need for admiration, and lack of empathy, beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts, as indicated by five (or more) of the following: (1) has a grandiose sense of self-importance (e.g., exaggerates achievements and talents, expects to be recognized as superior without commensurate achievements) (2) is preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, brilliance, beauty, or ideal love (3) believes that he or she is "special" and unique and can only be understood by, or should associate with, other special or high-status people (or institutions) (4) requires excessive admiration (5) has a sense of entitlement, i.e., unreasonable expectations of especially favorable treatment or automatic compliance with his or her expectations (6) is interpersonally exploitative, i.e., takes advantage of others to achieve his or her own ends (7) lacks empathy: is unwilling to recognize or identify with the feelings and needs of others (8) is often envious of others or believes that others are envious of him or her Cognitive Changes Beyond Piaget? Dialectic Thought Types of Intelligence Crystallized Fluid Memory Processing Post Secondary Education Benefits Traditional v. Non-traditional Students with Disabilities Gender Differences Lifespan Development Social and Personality Development in Early Adulthood 20 - 40 Chapter 14 Personality Development Erikson – Intimacy v. Isolation Social Role Theory Evolutionary Theory Duplication of Relationships Intimate Relationships 2 Primary Factors Considered Attachment Love Sternberg’s model of Love Intimacy Passion Commitment Combine to form 7 types of love Marriage Quality of Relationships _____________ What would you suggest to reverse or halt this tendency? _______ oriented activities v. leisure activities Happiness and Health Scales for married v. single Divorced young adults experience more loneliness and depression. Why? Marriages Successful Types Validating Volatile Avoidant Unsuccessful Types Hostile Engaged Hostile Detached Divorce Economic Effects Social Support Parenthood Historically adults wanted to be parents – Why? Can lead to relationship dissatisfaction - ? Positive Factors Work/Vocation Contributors to choice of profession Job Satisfaction rises steadily due to: Identification Greater chances for promotion Increased earnings 2 stages in the work role Trial Establishment Work & division of labor in the home.