Download Prehistoric Theatre

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Theatre wikipedia, lookup

Storytelling wikipedia, lookup

Interactive storytelling wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Prehistoric Theatre
Imitation, Role Playing, and Storytelling
• Imitation is universal among small children
• Mimic and imitate mother and father as they play house
• Role Playing
• Adopt the behaviors required of certain roles in their society
• Key in theatre
• Small children role play as future professions
• Aristotle
• Suggested that theatre may have originated in human instinct to imitate
Imitation, Role Playing, and Storytelling cont.
• Storytelling
• An everyday activity with a theatrical element
• Experienced Storytellers
• Create suspense
• Evoke laughter and tears
• Keep alive traditions in their culture
• Often take on voices of their characters
• Take on the personalities of:
• Old men
• Warriors
• Maidens
• Ghosts
Shamens
• The storyteller of societies without developed written language.
• Kept alive the history of the people.
Ceremonies & Rituals
Ceremony
• A formal religious or social occasion, usually led by a designated authority
figure, such as a priest or chief.
• Examples:
• Graduation
• Inauguration
• Marriage
Ritual
• The acting out of an established or prescribed procedure
• Example
• Mass
• Jewish Yon Kippur
African Rituals
• Western & Central African
• Performed by the Guru tribe
• A dancer depicting an animal
• Wears a large mask
• Combines antelope horns, an abstracted human face, and a large toothed beak
• Participants enact someone or something
• Bird
• Animal
• Spirit
• Participants are believed to be inhabited by the animal or spirit
• Rituals follow a set sequence of events
• Same words and actions repeated each time
• Similar to today’s “script”
Ancient Egypt
• Abydos
• The sacred place of the ritual celebrating Osiris, god of the afterlife.
• Enacted for nearly 2000 years
• Around 2500 to 550 B.C.E
• No actual text of Abydos
• Only partial account by someone named Ikhernofert
• Participated between 1887 and 1849 B.C.E
The Story of Osiris
• Became king of Egypt and married his sister Isis, the goddess of
health, marriage, and love
• Osiris’s brother became jealous and killed him.
• Scattered body throughout Egypt.
• Isis recovered body and brought Osiris back to life
• Osiris could not stay on earth and was buried in Abydos
• Went to dwell in the underworld
• Became the most human of the gods
• Judges people souls
Latin America
• Staged rituals that celebrated
• Seasons
• Deities
• Honoring war gods to seek favor.
• The Flowery Wars
• The staged in full war garb
• Theatrical combats
• Ended in sacrifices to favor gods
Latin America cont.
• Rabinal
• Takes place in modern day Guatemala
• Unsure when started
• Flourished during early 1400s
• Ceremony actually called: Rabinal Achi
• Meaning: Man of Rabinal
• Involved elaborate costumes, masks, sophisticated dance, poetry and music
• Spanish later conquered area
• …..and liked the ceremony
• Introduced some Catholic elements and allowed it to continue each year
• Still performed to this day.
Rasaboxes
Rasaboxes
•Based off of Indian performance
•Created by Richard Sheckner
Where is Western Theatricality located?
Western Theatricality is located in:
•Eyes
•Ears
Indian Theatricality is located in the entire body.
• External acting
• Body influences emotions
• Not mind
The Rasas
•Rasa = flavor
•Sandscript
• Bibhasta
• Disgust, distain, distaste, contempt, loathing, revulsion, repentance, repulsed
• Adbhuta
• Awe, curiousity, wonder, revere, discovery, surprise, the thinker
• Sringara
• Love, pleasure, passion, desire, happy, sweetness
• Raudra
• Rage, anger, violence, hostility, aggression, annoyance, wrath
• Bhayanaka
• Fear, shame, embarrassment, remorse, regret, guilt, nervousness, anxiety, apprehension, worry, terror
• Vira
• Brave, courage, the warrior, vigor, daring, heroic, energy, intensity
• Hasya
• Happiness, laughter, the clown, jovial, jolly, trickery, mockery, comedic, shameless, amusement
• Karuna
• Grief, sorrow, lament, compassion, empathy, sadness, heart broken, pity, despair, mourning, pain, loss,
crying, the mourner
• Shanta
• Peace, contentment, tranquility