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Early Civilizations:
Mesopotamia &
Egypt
Unit 1, SSWH 1 a and b
SSWH 1 a & b
Describe the development of
Mesopotamian societies; include the
religious, cultural, economic, and political
facets of society, with attention to
Hammurabi’s law code.
Describe the relationship of religion and
political authority in Ancient Egypt.
What were the origins
and structures of
Mediterranean
societies?
Civilization’s 5 Characteristics
1.Advanced Cities
2.Specialized Workers
3.Complex Institutions
4.Record Keeping (scribe &
Cuneiform)
5.Improved Technology p.19-20
Mesopotamia
• Location: Modern day Iraq & Iran
• Means: Land between 2 rivers
(Tigris & Euphrates)
• Religion: Center of society,
Polytheistic (many gods),
Ziggurat (temple)
p. 30 -32
• Culture: Art, Religion, Trade (women
have rights)
• Economy: Bartering
• Politics: Priests 1st leaders, after many
wars the best fighters became
permanent leaders (dynasties)
• Law: Hammurabi’s Code – 282
written laws, created to unify the
community (govt responsible for
society) p.36- 37
Egypt: Religion
• Polytheistic: believed in 2,000 + gods
• Ra (sun god) & Osiris (god of the dead):
IMPORTANT
• Afterlife: prepared for it (saved
money, food, clothes, etc.
• Pyramids: Tombs built for Pharaoh
• Pharaoh believed they were a god
Egypt: Politics
• Pharaoh: ruler of Egypt, a king
• Theocracy: govt based on
religious belief (Pharaoh is a
god & ran the country
p.44 -56
Shapely Review
Draw a large triangle on your paper.
On the triangle, write 3 important
points you wish to remember.
Be prepared to share in one minute.