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Transcript
Chapter 4: Ancient India
Chapter 4.2: Hinduism In
Ancient India
Objectives
Find out about the beginning of
Hinduism.
Learn about the teachings of
Hinduism.
Examine the many paths to truth in
Hinduism.
An early prayer of the Aryan Vedas:
“O Lord of the storm gods…do not
hide the sun from our sight. O Ruda,
protect our horseman from
injury…among all living creatures, O
Ruda, wielder of the thunderbolt. Guide
us safely to the far shore of existence
where there is no sorrow.”
Beginning of Hinduism
Developed over 3500 years ago.
Beginning of Hinduism
Developed over 3500 years ago.
850 million Hindus in the world.
Beginning of Hinduism
Brahman – One single power which
lives in everything.
Beginning of Hinduism
Important Hindu Gods:
Brahman – The Creator
Vishnu – The Preserver
Shiva – The Destroyer
Beginning of Hinduism
Avatar – The
representation of a
Hindu god or
goddess in human
or animal form.
Beginning of Hinduism
Brahman
Born from a golden egg.
Created Earth & everything on it.
Not widely worshiped.
Beginning of Hinduism
Vishnu
A kindly god who is
concerned with the
welfare of human
beings.
Beginning of Hinduism
Vishnu
A kindly god who is
concerned with the
welfare of human
beings.
Visits Earth from time
to time. Does this to
guide humans or to
protect them from
disaster.
Beginning of Hinduism
Shiva
Not concerned with
human matters.
Beginning of Hinduism
Shiva
Not concerned with
human matters.
Very powerful.
Beginning of Hinduism
Shiva
Not concerned with
human matters.
Very powerful.
Responsible for both
the creative &
destructive forces in
the universe.
The Teachings of Hinduism
The Teachings of Hinduism
The Upanishads - A Hindu
religious text.
The Teachings of Hinduism
The Upanishads - A Hindu
religious text.
Upanishad means “sitting
near a teacher.”
The Teachings of Hinduism
The Upanishads - A Hindu
religious text.
Upanishad means “sitting
near a teacher.”
Much of the Upanishads
is in the form of questions
by pupils and responses
by teachers.
The Teachings of Hinduism
Reincarnation – The rebirth of the soul
in the body of another living thing.
The Teachings of Hinduism
Dharma - The religious and moral
duties of Hindus.
The Teachings of Hinduism
Ahimsa – The Hindu idea of nonviolence.