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Hinduism/Buddhism Study Guide Study the following vocabulary words for Buddhism (use quizlet or your vocabulary list) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Sadhu Karma Nirvana Enlightenment Orthodox Homage Study the following vocabulary words for Hinduism (use quizlet or your vocabulary list) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Ascetic Brahman Dharma Guru Mantra Vedas o Know the following facts: o Hinduism is the world’s most ancient living religion. o Hinduism began by no single known founder. o Hinduism began in India. o Hindus believe that there is one god who takes many forms. o One of the most sacred animals for Hindus is the cow. o In Thailand, Buddhist monks are supported by the community. o The Buddha believed that life is suffering. o Into what religion was Siddhartha Gautama born? Hinduism o What did Siddhartha’s father do to protect his son? He kept him inside the palace walls. o What did the prince see on his chariot rides? A sick man and an old man. o What is the symbol of Buddhism? A wheel with 8 spokes. o What do Buddhist boys NOT do when they become monks for a short time? They fast. o How many rules did the Buddha give for achieving enlightenment? Eight o What are these rules called? The Eight Foldpath o What is the language of the Rig-Veda? Sanskrit o What is the name of the Hindu trinity? The Trimurti o According to Hindu scriptures, Krishna was the avatar of which deity? Vishnu o Who was a 19th century Hindu teacher? Ramakrishna o What is the main message behind Sri Ramakrishna’s elephant story? It is ridiculous to argue about which religion is best.