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Detailed Map
•There is an amazing variety of animals found in the
Rocky Mountains.
•The types of animals found here is one of the
contributing factors to the increase of tourism in recent
decades.
Some can include:
•Beaver
•Bighorn Sheep
•Black Bear
•Coyote
•Elk
•Marmot
•Moose
•Mountain Lion
•Mule Deer
•Pika
•Snowshoe Hare
•Squirrels & Chipmunks
In 10,000 B.C. the PaleoIndian Hunters enter the park as the glaciers retreat.
In 1803 the Louisiana Purchase includes the land that would become the National Park.
In 1843 Rufus B. Sage is the first explorer to enter the east side of the park and write about it.
In 1871 Clarence King's "U.S. Geological Exploration of the Fortieth Parallel" explores the Park
In 1874 Ferdinand Vandiveer Hayden’s “US Geological and Geographical Survey of the Territories” enter the parks
In 1907 Enos Mills, James Grafton Rodgers, and others begin lobbying for the establishment of Rocky Mountains National
Park
On September 4, 1915 the Rocky Mountains, NP is dedicated.
In1964 the Wilderness Act was passed which later allowed further protection of the park.
In 2007 the Final Elk and Vegetation Management Plan/Environmental Impact Statement released. The initial phase of the
preferred alternative relies on a variety of conservation tools including fencing, redistribution, vegetation restoration and lethal
reduction (culling). In future years, the park will, using adaptive management principles, reevaluate opportunities to use wolves
or fertility control as additional tools. Record of Decision signed February 2008.
Volcanism
Most of the eruptions in the Rockies
were andesitic.
Glaciers
Primary Features Found in the
Rocky Mountains:
•Cirques
•Horns
•Cols
Some volcanic features that can be found
here are obsidian, natural glass, breccia,
andesitic conglomerate, coarse-grained
pegmatites, and hydrothermal veins of
quartz, dikes, sills, and stocks.
The Rocky Mountains got their
jagged shapes from the mountain
glaciers that were once there.
Volcanic Features are mainly found in
the southern Rockies on the Front Range.
Also Lava Cliff and Specimen Mountain
are two well known places in the Rockies
that were formed by volcanic forces.
Tectonics played a part in where the Rockies are located, in the Front
Range of Colorado. It was because of the low angle subduction that made
the igneous and metamorphic rock of the craton, or the material that
forms the central mass of a continent, to be thrust upward. Found also in
the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains are occurrences of orogeny, or
when a section of the Earth’s crust is folded and deformed by lateral
compression to form a mountain range. This is a very unusual
occurrence and it is still being studied by scientists.
Important Vocabulary
• Col: Low place in an arete.
• Orogeny: Orogeny is when a mountain
range is formed, due to lateral
compression.
• Craton: The craton is the stable, center
mass of a plate.
Bibliography
(January 25, 2012). Rocky Mountain Nature & Science. Retrieved from:
http://www.nps.gov/romo/naturescience/index.htm
(March 21, 2012). Big Game Harvest Survey Statistics & Hunting Recap
Summaries. Retrieved From:
http://wildlife.state.co.us/hunting/biggame/statistics/Pages/Statistics.aspx
(July 30, 2008). Rocky Mountain Timeline of Historical Events. Retrieved From:
http://www.nps.gov/romo/historyculture/time_line_of_historic_events.htm
USGS, (January 13, 2004). Geological Providences of the United States: Rocky
Mountains. Retrieved from:
http://geomaps.wr.usgs.gov/parks/province/rockymtn.html
Anna G. Harris, E.T. (2004). Geology of the National Parks Sixth Edition. Dubuque,
Iowa: Kendall / Hunt Publishing Company.
Lillie, R.J. (2005). Parks and Plates. New York. W. Norton and Company.