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Name______________________________________Period_______________
East Asia
The Early River Valley Civilization of the Yellow River (Huang River)
Objective:
The Yellow River (Huang River)
•_______________ years after the city of Ur (______________________) was beginning and ____________
years after the planned cities of the _____________valley, the ______________________________________
Civilization flourished.
Natural Barriers
•Natural barriers ___________________ China from other civilizations. To the__________ is
the______________ ocean. To the ____________ lay the ______________________________ and the icy
14,000 foot ______________________________.
•To the___________ lies the desolate ___________ Desert and the ________________________ Plateau.
MAP ACTIVITY:
Circle the Gobi Desert and the Plateau of Tibet in
red and trace the Yellow river and the Yangtze in
blue.
•The two rivers in the area are the ______________ river and the __________________ in central China.
•About _____________ of the remaining land that is _____________________________ lies within the
comparatively small plain ___________________________________.
National Pride
•Due to this ____________________, the Chinese had ______________________ with foreigners. This led to
a strong sense of ___________________________________.
•They regarded China as the only civilized land, calling it ________________________, or “Middle Kingdom,”
referring to it as the ________________________________.
Dynasties
•Humans have inhabited China for about a ___________________________years.
•The First Dynasties-
•Before the
Sumerians settled in southern Mesopotamia, early Chinese cultures were building farming
settlements along the Yellow river.
Xia Peoples
•The __________________________________ in China was the ________________.
•Its leader was a __________________________ and _______________________ named _____________.
•_________ started ____________________________________ and irrigation projects to ______________ the
Yellow river.
Shang Dynasty
•_____________________. Invaders called the _________________ swept into the Huang River Valley.
•Introduced ___________________ and ___________________ systems into the region.
•By controlling these systems, the Shang could more easily _______________the region’s _________________.
Shang Government
•Created a complex ________________________: government organized into
__________________________________________.
•A hereditary ____________ ruled over all land in the kingdom
•____________________ and _________________________________ were used to defend against invaders.
•___________________________ and well-organized _______________________ allowed the Shang to
____________________________________________.
Shang Economy and handicrafts
•_______________________ was based mainly on _____________________: _________________________.
•Raised _______________________ so that they could spin thread from the cocoons and wove
__________________ from the thread.
Artisans
•_________________________ worked in ________________________________________. Pottery and
_________________________ art was very popular.
Astronomy and the calendar
•_________________________: one based on the _______ and one based on the _______________.
•Moon Calendar: record of private and public events.
•Planting was determined by the calendar. A good harvest meant popularity for the king. Therefore the
_________________________________ were ______________________.
Religion
•_____________________________________ (the belief that spirits inhabit everything)—
_________________________________________
•__________________ became __________________ of Chinese___________________
•They also worshipped gods of the wind, sun, clouds, and moon. ______________________________
•The Shang also believed in ______________________, a great god who ___________________ human
_______________________ and forces of ______________________.
Religion
•_________________________________: the shoulder bones of cattle or tortoise shells.
•The ____________________ heated the bones and _________________________________ that would appear.
•
Language and Writing.
•Many _____________________ were spoken.
•The Chinese method of writing, each ___________________ stands for an _____________, not a sound.
•People in all parts of China could learn the same system of writing.
•To be barely literate one had to know _____________ characters. (Not just 26 letters)
Language and Writing
•___________________ was ___________________ to a small number of specialists:
___________________________________________________.
•It ______________________ much _____________________________, therefore workers, had little time for
such luxury.
Social Classes
•The civilization was sharply divided between nobles and peasants.
•These ___________________________ ___________________ the _________________.
•They would ___________________________ to the ___________________ in exchange for local control.
Family
•The ________________ was ____________________ to Chinese society. The most important virtue was
____________________ for one’s ________________________.
•____________________were __________________ as _______________________.
•When a girl was between 13 and 16 years old, her ___________________________________________.
The Fall of the Shang Dynasty
•_________________. : ___________________from the harsh Gobi desert and the Tian Shan foothills began
_____________________ and settling along the borders.
•The ________________ were almost continuously ____________________ them off.
•The extended _____________________________________________________________ the Shang rulers.
The Fall
•______________________
•The ________________ formed an alliance and __________________________________, claiming the
Shang were corrupt and unfit to rule.
China Video Notes
Name:___________________________________________ Period: ________________
1.
What was found in Anyang?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________
2.
What did the Shang dynasty value higher than gold? _______________________
3.
Who was Fu Hao? __________________________________________________
4.
What was found at Sanxindui?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
5.
When did the Choa culture gain power?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
6.
What did the Choa king create for his people?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
7.
What was the warring times period?
________________________________________________________________________
8.
What were some of the weapons used?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
9.
What were some of the accomplishments of the Chin dynasty?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
10.
Who was the first emperor of China?
________________________________________________________________________
11.
What was constructed to protect the Chin Empire from raiders in Mongolia?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
12.
What was done with the bodies of the dead workers?
________________________________________________________________________
13.
How long is the great wall and what are some characteristics of it?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
14.
How did Chin rule his country?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
15.
What were some of the controls chin put on China?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
16.
Why were the scholars killed and knowledge destroyed?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
17.
Describe Chins Mausoleum?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
18.
Who was Sheng Shen and what was his job and story?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________
19.
What was the Silk Road?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
20.
What does Lady Sheen show us about Chinese culture?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
21.
What were the bodyguards for the Emperor Chin’s tomb?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
22.
What can we learn from the Terracotta Soldiers?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
23.
Who was China’s last emperor and what is his story?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
24.
Has China been able to get away from powerful empires?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
25.
What are some of the things you found interesting from the movie?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________