* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project
Name: _________________________________________ Period: _________ Chapter 8 Lesson 1: Geography Shapes Life in Ancient China (Pages 253-256) *Look in the Glossary to define the following words: oracle bone: pictograph: dynastic cycle: Mandate of Heaven: The river valley pattern you studied in ______________________, Egypt, and the _____________ Valley was repeated in _______________. Its civilization developed because __________ rivers brought water and _________ that made ____________ possible. Cities grew along the banks of the _______________. Unlike the regions of the Nile and Fertile _______________, where civilizations interacted with each other, ___________ was geographically isolated. The huge ______________ chains, vast ________________, and large expanses of ______________ made the spread of ____________ and ____________ to China difficult. As a result, Chinese ________________ developed along very ____________ lines. Two River Systems: Two major rivers flow toward the _____________ Ocean. The Chang Jiang , or the ______________, is found in central China. The Huang He to the north is also known as the _______________ River. Their floodwaters deposit __________________ silt that makes fertile ___________. In ancient times, most Chinese __________ was done in the very ___________ land between these rivers. This land, called the North China ___________, has always been the center of Chinese ___________________. The Shang Dynasty Around 2000 B.C., farming settlements along the Huang He began to grow into ___________. An early civilization began there, and Chinese culture ____________ evolved from that ancient beginning. Therefore, we can say that ________ is the oldest __________________ civilization in the ________________. About 1766 B.C., Shang family kings began to control some _____________. They set up a ____________, or rule by generations of one ____________. The kings were responsible for religious activities. They claimed to rule with the gods’ _________________. Shang kings _______________ the central portion of the North China Plain; their ________________ ruled distant areas. The Shang used ______________ to defend themselves against the nomads who lived to the north and west. They made ________ with nomadic people like the ________ (joh). Shang Families In Shang culture, respect for one’s parents and ___________________ was very important. Family was closely tied to ________________. The Chinese believed that the ___________ of their __________________ could bring good fortune to the family. Families paid ________________ to the father’s ancestors by making animal _________________ in their honor. Men ruled within the _________________. The Zhou Dynasty The _____________ people moved down from the northwest. They clashed with the _____________ on many occasions. Around 1027 B.C., the ____________ ruler Wu Wang led a force that defeated the ___________. Fill in the blank for the Dynastic Cycle that was developed during the Zhou Dynasty: (6). The new _____________ restores peace and ____________. (5). The ___________ Is _____________. (4). The people ____________ the ___________ has lost the gods’ _________________. 11 Mandate of Heaven: (1). The people believe the new ____________ has the gods’ ____________. (2). The dynasty’s _____________ grows ________________. (3). Disasters such as ______________, _____________, and invasions _________. Zhou Government Like the Shang, the Zhou did not have a strong central ____________________. Kings put ____________ with family ties or other trusted people in charge of _______________. Those local rulers, or _________, owed loyalty and military service to the ___________. In return, the king promised to help protect their _________. As their towns became cities, the lords grew _______________. More groups came under their _________. The lords became less _________________ on the king. They began to fight among themselves and with other ________________. The ____________ they added to their control expanded_______________ territory.