Download Chapter 8 Lesson 1: Geography Shapes Life in Ancient China

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Protectorate General to Pacify the West wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Name: _________________________________________ Period: _________
Chapter 8 Lesson 1: Geography Shapes Life in Ancient China (Pages 253-256)
*Look in the Glossary to define the following words:
oracle bone:
pictograph:
dynastic cycle:
Mandate of Heaven:
The river valley pattern you studied in ______________________, Egypt, and the _____________ Valley was
repeated in _______________. Its civilization developed because __________ rivers brought water and
_________ that
made ____________ possible. Cities grew along the banks of the _______________.
Unlike the regions of the Nile and Fertile _______________, where civilizations interacted with each other,
___________ was geographically isolated. The huge ______________ chains, vast ________________, and
large expanses of ______________ made the spread of ____________ and ____________ to China difficult. As
a result, Chinese ________________ developed along very ____________ lines.
Two River Systems:
Two major rivers flow toward the _____________ Ocean. The Chang Jiang , or the ______________, is found
in central China. The Huang He to the north is also known as the _______________ River. Their floodwaters
deposit __________________ silt that makes fertile ___________. In ancient times, most Chinese __________
was done in the very ___________ land between these rivers. This land, called the North China ___________,
has always been the center of Chinese ___________________.
The Shang Dynasty
Around 2000 B.C., farming settlements along the Huang He began to grow into ___________. An early
civilization began there, and Chinese culture ____________ evolved from that ancient beginning. Therefore,
we can say that ________ is the oldest __________________ civilization in the ________________.
About 1766 B.C., Shang family kings began to control some _____________. They set up a ____________, or
rule by generations of one ____________. The kings were responsible for religious activities. They claimed to
rule with the gods’ _________________. Shang kings _______________ the central portion of the North China
Plain; their ________________ ruled distant areas. The Shang used ______________ to defend themselves
against the nomads who lived to the north and west. They made ________ with nomadic people like the
________ (joh).
Shang Families
In Shang culture, respect for one’s parents and ___________________ was very important. Family was closely
tied to ________________. The Chinese believed that the ___________ of their __________________ could
bring good fortune to the family. Families paid ________________ to the father’s ancestors by making animal
_________________ in their honor. Men ruled within the _________________.
The Zhou Dynasty
The _____________ people moved down from the northwest. They clashed with the _____________ on many
occasions. Around 1027 B.C., the ____________ ruler Wu Wang led a force that defeated the ___________.
Fill in the blank for the Dynastic Cycle that was developed during the Zhou Dynasty:
(6). The new _____________ restores peace
and ____________.
(5). The ___________ Is
_____________.
(4). The people ____________ the
___________ has lost the gods’
_________________.
11 Mandate of Heaven:
(1). The people believe the new
____________ has the gods’ ____________.
(2). The dynasty’s _____________ grows
________________.
(3). Disasters such as ______________,
_____________, and invasions _________.
Zhou Government
Like the Shang, the Zhou did not have a strong central ____________________. Kings put ____________ with
family ties or other trusted people in charge of _______________. Those local rulers, or _________, owed
loyalty and military service to the ___________. In return, the king promised to help protect their _________.
As their towns became cities, the lords grew _______________. More groups came under their _________.
The lords became less _________________ on the king. They began to fight among themselves and with other
________________. The ____________ they added to their control expanded_______________ territory.