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Transcript
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Levels of Police
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Federal Police - RCMP

Formed in 1873 as the North-West Mounted Police.

Provide investigative and protective services to the federal
government and serve as provincial police.

Works in the following eight areas:

Customs and Excise

Drug Enforcement

Economic Crime

Federal Policing

Immigration

Proceeds of Crime

Criminal Intelligence

International Liaison and Protective Services
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Provincial Police

Have jurisdiction in rural areas and unincorporated areas
around the cities.

The largest is the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP),

An example of the OPP responsibilities from the Police
Services Act

“Providing traffic control on all 400-series and major highways,
including those sections that are in the jurisdiction of municiple
police forces”

“Providing investigative services, on request, to the coroner’s
office and to other provincial ministries”
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Municipal Police

Jurisdiction over policing towns and cities throughout
Canada.

Funded by the municipality – ie, Fredericton pays for the
Fredericton Police.

Typically divided into divisions. The divisions are then
divided into squads (bomb squad, homicide squad, etc.)

An officer’s duties may include preserving the peace,
assisting victims of crimes, and apprehending criminals.
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Aboriginal Police

First Nations Policing Policy is administered by the
Department of the Solicitor General.

A partnership among the federal government,
provincial/territorial governments, and Aboriginal peoples
to develop police services.

Every First Nation community may enter into this partnership

The goal of these police forces are to offer services that are
professional and sensitive to the needs of the community.

In NB, the first RCMP detachment consisting of First Nations
officers was established in 2000 for the Maliseet First Nation
in Tobique.