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+ Levels of Police + Federal Police - RCMP Formed in 1873 as the North-West Mounted Police. Provide investigative and protective services to the federal government and serve as provincial police. Works in the following eight areas: Customs and Excise Drug Enforcement Economic Crime Federal Policing Immigration Proceeds of Crime Criminal Intelligence International Liaison and Protective Services + Provincial Police Have jurisdiction in rural areas and unincorporated areas around the cities. The largest is the Ontario Provincial Police (OPP), An example of the OPP responsibilities from the Police Services Act “Providing traffic control on all 400-series and major highways, including those sections that are in the jurisdiction of municiple police forces” “Providing investigative services, on request, to the coroner’s office and to other provincial ministries” + Municipal Police Jurisdiction over policing towns and cities throughout Canada. Funded by the municipality – ie, Fredericton pays for the Fredericton Police. Typically divided into divisions. The divisions are then divided into squads (bomb squad, homicide squad, etc.) An officer’s duties may include preserving the peace, assisting victims of crimes, and apprehending criminals. + Aboriginal Police First Nations Policing Policy is administered by the Department of the Solicitor General. A partnership among the federal government, provincial/territorial governments, and Aboriginal peoples to develop police services. Every First Nation community may enter into this partnership The goal of these police forces are to offer services that are professional and sensitive to the needs of the community. In NB, the first RCMP detachment consisting of First Nations officers was established in 2000 for the Maliseet First Nation in Tobique.