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Poverty in Maps The Relationship to Hunger LL Hammon The map shows civil wars in the period after the cold war and levels of Gross National Products (GDP) for 1995. Blue circles and squares represent internal and internationalized armed conflicts respectively. Considered to be an indicator on poverty, GDP figures are classified into three classes symbolized with a “the darker the more poor” metaphor. As the map shows, there is a close relation between poverty and internal conflict. Poverty is recognized as one of the strongest conflict generating factors, but there are disagreements on how we should interpret this relation. Some regard civil wars as a dramatic way of sharing: The poor attempt to get their share which otherwise are consumed exclusively by multinational companies and the country’s elite. However, rebellion groups are seldom lead by the poorest. Collier & Hoeffler (2002) regard rebellion as a way of conquering the state or as much territory as needed in order for the leaders to reward those supporting the revolt. In a poor country, labor is inexpensive and it may be difficult finding work being better paid than rebellion participation. Corrupt governments also use the public purse in order to advance their own interests. The country’s resources finance both revolt and suppression while the majority of the population remain poor. Also the country’s economy makes a difference on how the operators act, but there are no grounds to claim that economic difference in itself plays an important role regarding the outbreak of civil wars (from Gleditsch, 2002). GDP Source: Harvard economic data and CIA world factbook (2001). Poverty - Children Under Age 18 - 2000 Source: U.S. Census Bureau It is not just somewhere else! Poverty in the United States.