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OECD-POVNET
Guidelines
(2009) and
future work on
SOCIAL
PROTECTION
Dr. Timo Voipio
MFA-Finland
timo.voipio@formin.fi
www.oecd.org/dac/poverty
AU/EU Partnership
on Social Protection
Nairobi 10-11 March, 2011
RIO-1992 RIO-2012:
Sustainable dev’t = Balanced dev’t
ECONOMIC
SOCIAL
ECOLOGICAL
Entry points for ICSW to promote
Social Justice in PRS-processes
3
ICSW Global Conference,
Brasilia 16-19 July, 2006
timo.voipio@formin.fi
UN-DESA
UNRISD
’Rich Country Club’
1961 - 2011
• DAC = ’Donor brainstorming
forum’, e.g. 0,7% GDP, aid untying, ’ownership’,
’aid coordination’, ’aid harmonization’, (Paris/Accra)
• POVNET = Poverty Network
1998 – 2011
+ GENDERNET + ENVIRONET +
GOVNET
www.oecd.org/dac/poverty
 Poverty is context-specific, and…
…Poverty is multi-dimensional (OECD)
PROTECTIVE
risk, vulnerability
social protection /
social risk management
ECONOMIC
consumption
income
assets
POLITICAL
rights
freedoms
voice &
influence
GENDER +
ENVIRONMENT
HUMAN
health
education
hunger, thirst
SOCIOCULTURAL
status
respect, dignity
UN 2000 – Millennium Declaration
MDSs
Tähänand
maapallo
ja lapsia
• Mbeleni - Future - Tulevaisuus
Ms. Tarja Halonen, President of Finland
Chair of the Millennium Summit
UN Millennium Development Goals
= Multi-dimensional
Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland
timo.voipio@formin.fi
Helsinki Process Roundtable
Dar es Salaam 15 Nov, 2006
11
Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland
timo.voipio@formin.fi
Helsinki Process Roundtable
Dar es Salaam 15 Nov, 2006
13
DEVELOPMENT and PovReduction ?
~ growth + redistribution, if any...?
~ redistribution of opportunity...?
’Growth
Sector’
OLD
NEW
All the other sectors
where poor people work
Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland
timo.voipio@formin.fi
14
…with trust and social
protection, people dare to
move…
In African small
holder agric. the
growth potential
is 6 x larger in
domestic markets
than in overseas
export markets.
Redistribution
If any…
Dynamic structural change
from sector to sector
Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland
timo.voipio@formin.fi
SP-strategies of Africa + POVNET
Tunis, 27-30 June, 2005
15
 Credible Social Protection needed for poor people
to be able to participate in and contribute to growth
Helsinki Process Roundtable
Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland
timo.voipio@formin.fi
Dar es Salaam 15 Nov, 2006
16
OECDPOVNET:
Social
Protection
is Good for
Pro-Poor
Growth
Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland
timo.voipio@formin.fi
POVNET Plenary Paris
17 April, 2007
17
Why Social Protection ?
Pro-poor growth Rights-based
• helps avoid shocks that
derail growth
• promotes innovation,
risk taking and
entrepreneurship
• counteracts irreversible
asset depletion
• asset accumulation +
broadening tax base
• aggregate demand in
the economy/world
• Art.22-28 UDHR
•MDGs, basic needs
• human development
• global socio-economic
‘floor’ /’compact’
(minimum standards)
• democratic participation
• sustainable dev’t
• lifecycle and intergenerational thinking
+ Fastest way to achieve MDGs
Timo Voipio, MFA-Finland
timo.voipio@formin.fi
POVNET Plenary Paris
17 April, 2007
18
Universal Declaration of
Human Rights (1948):
• “Everyone, as a member of
society, has the right to social
security...” (Art 22)
• “Right
to
work...
freely
chosen...under just conditions
and remuneration...and to join
unions...” (Art 23)
• “...and to a decent standard of
living.” (Art 25)
OECD-POVNET
www.oecd.org/dac/poverty
Donor policy
+ Guidelines on:
OECD-POVNET
SOCIAL PROTECTION:
- Cash transfers
- Growth-impacts
- Informality
- Affordability
- Life-cycle risks
- Health, HIV/AIDS
- Gender
- Fragile states
-
Climate change adaptation
and Disaster Risk Reduction
www.oecd.org/dac/poverty
Social Protection Floor  towards
higher level services and protection…
Voluntary insurance
Mandatory social insurance/social security benefits
of guaranteed levels for contributors
THE FLOOR: Four essential guarantees
Access to essential health care for all
income security
children
assistance
unemployed and poor
income security
elderly and disabled
The ILO Campaign on Social Security and Coverage for All
Key: Our Concept of
Development and Progress
Should we measure progress in terms of
GDP growth?
Or in terms of numbers of women and
men, young, old and disabled who have
gained decent jobs, sustainable
livelihoods or reliable social protection?
 …and who are therefore able to
participate as active citizens and
economic actors in the ’transformative’
processes…
POVNET WORK 2009-2012
1) Guidelines on EMPOWERMENT and Pro-Poor
Growth soon…(2009-2011)
2) Making Green Growth Pro-Poor 2011-12
3) Food Security/Access to Food 2011-12
4) Social Protection Floors
 Task Team 2011-12
 Coordinate with EU/AU + UN-SPF-I !
 Social policy / social protection analytic
capacity + staff training !!
 Social protection statistics (DAC-codes?)
MOVING TOWARDS ACTION:
 Important now to show DEMAND
and require BUDGETS and ACTION
by EUC/AUC + MSs
+ Network of EU and African Experts
(+ POVNET + UN SocProtFloor
Initiative)