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Transcript
Biology
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
End Show
22–1 Introduction to Plants
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
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22–1 Introduction to Plants
What Is a Plant?
What Is a Plant?
Plants are multicellular eukaryotes that
have cell walls made of cellulose.
Plants develop from multicellular embryos
and carry out photosynthesis using the
green pigments chlorophyll a and b.
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
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22–1 Introduction to Plants
What Plants Need to Survive
What Plants Need to Survive
In order to survive, plants need:
• sunlight
• water and minerals
• gas exchange
• transport of water and nutrients
throughout the plant body
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
End Show
22–1 Introduction to Plants
The Plant Life Cycle
Alternation of
Generations
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
End Show
22–1 Introduction to Plants
Overview of the Plant Kingdom
Evolutionary Relationships Among Plants
Flowering plants
Cone-bearing plants
Ferns and
their relatives
Flowers; Seeds
enclosed in fruit
Mosses and
their relatives
Seeds
Water-conducting (vascular)
tissue
Green algae
ancestor
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
End Show
22–1 Introduction to Plants
The Plant Life Cycle
During the two phases of the life cycle, mitosis and
meiosis alternate to produce the two types of
reproductive cells—gametes and spores.
The diploid (2N) phase is called the sporophyte, or
spore-producing plant.
The haploid (N) phase is called the gametophyte, or
gamete-producing plant.
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
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22–1 Introduction to Plants
Early Plants
The first plants evolved from an organism
similar to the multicellular green algae
living today.
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
End Show
22–1 Introduction to Plants
Early Plants
The oldest known plant fossils, about 450 million
years old, are similar to today’s mosses.
They had a simple structure and grew close to the
ground.
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
End Show
22–1 Introduction to Plants
Overview of the Plant Kingdom
Overview of the Plant Kingdom
Plants are divided into four groups based on
these features:
• water-conducting tissues
• seeds
• flowers
Plants are also classified by other features,
including reproductive structures and body plan.
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
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22–1
Click to Launch:
Continue to:
- or -
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
22–1
Most plants alive today are
a. cone-bearing.
b. flowering.
c. ferns.
d. mosses.
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
22–1
The two phases of a plant's life cycle are
referred to as
a. alternation of generations.
b. spontaneous generation.
c. biogenesis.
d. sexual and asexual.
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
22–1
Which statement accurately describes a way
that plants meet their basic needs?
a. Plants take in carbon dioxide from soil
through their roots.
b. Plants obtain the energy for photosynthesis
from sunlight.
c. Plants obtain minerals by exchanging gases
with the atmosphere.
d. Plants absorb water through their broad, flat
leaves.
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
22–1
The first group of plants to evolve from green
algae were the
a. cone-bearing plants.
b. ferns.
c. mosses.
d. flowering plants.
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
22–1
The diploid phase of the plant life cycle is known
as the
a. sporophyte.
b. gametophyte.
c. egg.
d. spore.
Slide
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Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
END OF SECTION