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Transcript
Elements of music
What are buildings made of?
What is music made of?
 Music is made up of many different things
called elements.

When you compose a piece of music you use
the elements of music to build it, just like a
builder uses bricks, beams or concrete to build
a house.
Which are the elements in music?
Melody
Rhythm
Harmony
Texture
Dynamics (volume)
Timbre (instrumentation)
Activity 1
Elements
Instruments
Rhythm
Voice
Harmony
Guitar
Melody
Drums
Melody

It is created by playing a
series of notes , one after
the other.
Harmony
 In general, harmony refers
to the combination of notes
played together (chords) .
 It is the accompaniment of
the melody
Rhythm
Texture
 Rhythm: The placement of  Musical texture : number
the sounds in time in a
and type of layers of sound
piece of music
and how these layers are
related.
Activity 2
1-Janis Joplin
2- G.F. Handel
3- J.S.Bach
Dynamics
Mezzopiano
Moderately Soft
Forte
loud
.
Piano
Soft
Mezzoforte
Moderately loud
It tells to the musician to gradually get louder.
It tells the musician to gradually get …?….
Timbre
Activity 6
J.S.Bach Bach: St. Matthew
Passion.
Harmony
J.S. Bach Suite No.1
Melody
Haggala. Passion For
Percussion
Rhythm
Igor Stravinski The Firebird
Dynamics
G.F Händel.The Messiah.
F.Schubert. Quintet In A
Major
Texture
Timbre
Activity 7
Rhythm
Harmony
Melody
Activity 7
Dynamics
Texture
Timbre
Activity 8
Degrees of loudness or softness in music are
called……
When the same melody is played by one
instrument and then by another, it takes on
different expressive effects because of each
instruments tone colour.
Dynamics
Timbre
Is the way the melodic, rhythmic, and harmonic
materials are combined in a composition
Texture
Can be defined as the particular arrangement of
note lengths in a piece of music.
Rhythm
Is a series of individual tones heard one after
another
Melody
Activity 10
)
Timbre
Attack, Articulation,con sordino, glissando, double stopping, pizzicato, col legno,
Rhythm
Measure or bar, tempo, beat, meter,
syncopation,
Melody
Dynamics ( Texture
Steps and leaps, range, phrase, cadence,
contour
Polyphonic, Monophonic, homophonic
Harmony
Chord, consonance and dissonance, key,
Dynamics
modulation
Decrescendo, forte (f) , piano (p)
Content and form
Content
Form
Form
The shape or structure of a piece of music.
Repetition
Contrast
Variation
Types
Binary
•A B
Ternary
•A B A
Content (genres)
Audience
Genres
Classical
Popular
Instruments
content
• Light
• Folkloric
 Vocal
 Instrumental
 Religious
 Profane
Activity 14
Marvin Gaye. Ain’t no mountain high
According to the
instruments
According to
the audience
Vocal
Popular light
According to
the content
Profane
Kirye Eleison. Requiem. W. A. Mozart
According to the
instruments
Vocal
According to
the audience
According to
the content
Classical
Religious