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Transcript
Test Review Packet #5
Organisms
Plant and Animal Cell Parts
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Nucleus - Controls cell activities, store genetic material
Cytoplasm - Thick fluid where life processes occur
Cell membrane - The “skin” of the cell which regulates
what goes in and out of the cell
Mitochondria - Where food is burned “respiration”. The
power house
Ribosome - Synthesis, where proteins are made
Lysosomes - Digestion, digestive enzymes are stored
there
Vacuole - Where digestion occurs and excess fluid is
stored
Chloroplasts - Photosynthesis, glucose is produced in
green plants
Animal Cell
Plant Cell
Plant and Animal Cells

Plants have a cell
wall.


Plants have
chloroplasts


gives shape and
support to the cell
Contain chlorophyll
which helps them
make their own food.
Animal cells have
centrioles

help in cell division.
Life Processes – Nutrition

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Plants – Green plants
make food by
photosynthesis.
Glucose and oxygen
are produced.
Animals – get
nutrients from eating
plants and animals.
Ingestion –
Digestion –
Elimination -
Transport

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Water is necessary
for life and transport
Water helps move
materials in an
organism
Helps produce food in
plants
Helps blood carry
nutrients to cells and
carries waste away
from them.
Respiration/Excretion


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Respiration is the release of
energy from food.
Animals, sugar + oxygen =
energy + carbon dioxide +
water
Plants, energy + carbon
dioxide + water = sugar +
oxygen
Excretion is the elimination of
waste.
Waste like carbon dioxide is
carried by blood and filtered
through exhaling, perspiration
and urinating.
Regulation/Reproduction
Regulation is an
organisms response
to environment
changes.
 Maintaining a
constant internal
environment is called
homeostasis.
 Two types of
reproduction Sexual
and Asexual.

Asexual Reproduction
Involves only one
parent.
 Offspring are
identical to the
parent.
 3 types – binary
fission, budding,
and regeneration.

Sexual Reproduction
Two parents
 Offspring has traits
of both parents.
 Female produces
egg cell
 male produces
sperm cell.
 When the two cells
join, it is called
fertilization.

Growth
Metamorphosis is
the change in a
creature as it
grows into an
adult.
 The organism
grows and
produces offspring.
 This is the life
cycle.
