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The Renaissance in
• 1300-1600 – Explosion in creativity in Europe
• Became known as the Renaissance, or “rebirth”
• 3 Reasons it began in Italy:
1. Thriving cities – It’s cities survived the middle
ages (Venice, Florence, Milan, Rome)
2. Wealthy Merchants – exerted political and
economic leadership; their interests helped shape
the Renaissance (Medici)
3. Classical heritage – Italy had been the center of
the Roman Empire
• Intellectual movement at the heart of the
• Focused on worldly subjects instead of religious
issues – human accomplishments
• People began enjoying life w/o the fear of
offending God (luxuries, fine music and foods)
• Spirit of Renaissance was secular and
concerned with the here and now.
• Artistic styles changed
• Reflects humanist concerns
• Focused on portraying figures in realistic way
– Perspective – Make distant objects smaller than
those close to the viewer (3D)
Geniuses of Renaissance Art
• Leonardo Da Vinci
– Renaissance man – excelled in many fields of study
(botany, anatomy, architecture, engineering, etc)
– Mona Lisa – mysterious woman
– The Last Supper – Christ and disciples on last night
before crusifixion.
– Inventor – sketches of flying machines and
undersea boats
Mona Lisa
The Last Supper
• Also excelled in many areas, but considered
himself a sculptor
– David – sculpture of the boy who killed Goliath
– Sistine Chapel – Painted huge mural on ceiling of
the Sistine Chapel in Rome
– St. Peter’s Cathedral in Rome - architect
Sistine Chapel
Sistine Chapel
• Younger, learned from both of the previous
– Madonna – portrayal of the mother of Jesus
Renaissance Writer
• Machiavelli – writer of a political guide for
rulers on how to gain and keep power called
The Prince.
– End justifies the means
– Urged rulers to use whatever methods necessary to
achieve goals