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From the French word, “rebirth”
Began in Italy and spread throughout
Europe from 1300’s until 1600’s
Huge breakthroughs in depicting nature,
space, and light
The artists were fascinated with Ancient
Greece and Rome, but also very Christian in
their subjects and themes
Many political issues, European countries
were fighting over control of Italy, the
country wasn’t united, so each individual
province tried to display their prosperity
through art
Common Art Technique:
Fresco – from Italian word “fresh”, a technique of wall
painting in which pigments are mixed with water, and
applied to wet plaster, leaving a permanent design.
Primary Artists include:
Jan Van Eyck
Leonardo Da Vinci
An Italian painter and architect
Generally considered the first to
contribute and developed the Italian
Connects the Byzantine and
Renaissance period
His figures
were more life-like
and his color
palette more
realistic; he was
able to show
emotions in facial
Madonna and Child
Enthroned with Saints
c.1305-1310. Tempera on panel
The Last Judgment
1304-1306 Fresco
Jan Van Eyck
From the Netherlands, one of the
few Renaissance artists not from
He created the technique of oil
painting, which allowed for slow
drying, subtle color mixings, and
made brushstrokes almost invisible
Jan worked with his brother, Hubert, but
finished the Ghent Altarpiece after his
brother’s death.
The Ghent Altarpiece – 20 panels, oil on wood, 1432
Giovanni Arnolfini and His Wife – tempera on wood, 1434
Florence, Italy
The Birth of Venus
Primavera – shows weightless
and linear figures
At this time, Florence was ruled
by a rich and powerful family,
the Medici
This family admired Botticelli’s
work, so he was successful
Then a preacher (the new rich
power) kicked out the Medici
family which influenced Botticelli’s
style to depict more traditional
and strict Christian scenes.
Birth of Venus - Tempera on canvas
Primavera - Tempera on wood 1482
Leonardo Da Vinci
Artist, engineer, scientist,
philosopher, mathematician,
musician, inventor – master of all
Only painted a few paintings, fewer
Most famous painting in the world: Mona Lisa
Also was commissioned to paint the Last
Painted with oil, because the thin
layers allowed his subjects to
emerge “without lines and borders, in
the manner of smoke”, which created
the technique sfumato, (Italian for
smoke) like a misty background
The Last Supper
- fresco 1495
Mona Lisa - oil on wood 1503
The history of the Mona Lisa is
shrouded in mystery.
There are many unknowns: the
name of the subject, who paid
for it, how long it took to paint
it, how long the artist kept it,
and how it came to be in the
French royal collection.
Italian sculptor, architect, painter,
and poet
Michelangelo Buonarotti had family
ties to the Medici family, which
helped educate him and make him
Crowning achievements include
architect of St. Peter’s Basilica,
which includes the Sistine Chapel
ceiling fresco and the Peita
His art marked the beginning of the
Baroque and the end of purely
classical architecture
Creation of Man (Sistine Chapel) - fresco 1512
Peita - sculpture 1499
David - sculpture 1504
St. Peter’s
Basilica Vatican
Home of pope
and the Catholic
– his father was a painter
and he studied Leonardo
and Michelangelo
The School of Athens – fresco, Vatican, 1509
Hired to complete many frescoes in
the Vatican and was well loved by
many there known as their favorite
He died at the base of his last
painting, The Transfiguration, and
was honored with a public funeral
Buried at the Pantheon
The Transfiguration – oil on panel, Vatican, 1520
#1 - Create a religious or social panel
 It
should be constructed from construction paper
used colored pencils, markers, etc
 It should be able to fold up and create multiple
#2 - Design a sculpture of someone you know, in
Greco-Roman style
 Draw
a detailed form of the human body (PG13!)
 Imagine carving every detail from stone
 Pay attention to natural movement and realistic