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Italian Renaissance Humanism Humanism was based on the classics of Greece & Rome. They studied poetry, philosophy, & history. (B) Petrarch used forgotten Latin and he emphasized using pure classical Latin. (A) Vernacular Literature The Italian works of Dante & the English works of Geoffrey Chaucer helped make this literature more popular. Dante’s Divine Comedy poem had 3 parts: Hell, Purgatory, & Heaven. Chauncer’s wrote The Canterbury Tales, a story of 29 pilgrims going to the tomb of Saint Thomas Becket at Canterbury. Education in the Renaissance Renaissance humanists believed that education could change human beings. They stressed history, rhetoric, grammar, poetry, math, and music. They also stressed physical education and dancing. Ed. Renaissance They wanted to create complete citizens, females rarely attended school. Those that did received an education in religion, morals, & domestic skills. Artistic Renaissance in Italy A fresco is a painting done on wet plaster with water based paints. The realistic portrayal of individual persons, especially the human nude, became one of the chief aims of Italian Renaissance art. Donatello modeled his figures on Greek & Roman statues. A.R. in Italy Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, & Michelangelo dominated the 14901520 period. Leonardo mastered realistic painting. Raphael famous fresco School of Athens, reveals balance, harmony & order. Michelangelo was know for painting the Sistine Chapel, Rome. Northern Artistic Renaissance Belgium, Luxemburg, & the Netherlands illustrated books & wooden panels for altarpieces. Jan van Eyck was the first to use oil paint, he could use a wide number of colors & create fine details.