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The Italian Renaissance (A) The word renaissance means “rebirth”, it occurred in Europe between 1350 and 1550. (B) Italy was largely an urban society, with a secular viewpoint. (C) A new view of human beings that emphasized individual ability and worth emerged. (D) The upper classes were more affected than the lower classes. Italian States (A) Northern & Central city-states of Milan, Venice, & Florence prospered from trade & played big roles in the politics of that time. (B) The wealthy city of Milan was in the north at the crossroads of the main trade routes from coastal cities to the Alpine passes. (C) Venice was an international power, a link between Asia & Western Europe. Italian States (D) Florence dominated the Tuscany region. In 1434 Cosimo de’ Medici took control of Florence. (E) A Dominican preacher named Girolamo Savonarla condemned the Medicis corruption & excesses & took control. (F) He did not like gambling, swearing, dancing, & painting. Italian States (G) Charles VIII of France led an army of 30,000 men into Italy in 1494. Northern Italian states asked Spain for help. For 30 years France & Spain fought in Italy. (H) In 1527 Spanish troops sacked Rome because they had not been paid in months, and this ended the war and left Spain the force in Italy. Machiavelli (A) The Prince by Machiavelli is one of the most influential works on political power in the Western World. (B) A prince, should not act on moral principles but on behalf of the interests of the state. Renaissance Society (A) Nobles were expected to have talent, character, & grace. They had to perform military & physical exercise & gain a classical education. (B) Peasants made up 85 to 90 % of the total European population. (C) To strengthen family or business ties, an agreement between families sealed a marriage contract, and a dowry, a sum of money the bride’s family paid the groom was used.