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Digestive System Disorders
and Diseases!
By Vinny Fushetto
• Appendicitis is an irritation,
inflammation, and infection
of the appendix.
• Appendicitis isnt a really
important part of the
immune system but if
infected can cause death.
• The appendix can rupture
48 to 72 hours if you don’t
get medical attention fast
• If you feel pain by your
appendix make sure you
seek medical attention.
Celiac Disease
• Celiac disease is a
digestive disease that
damages the small
• Because of a sensitivity
to gluten, which is found
in wheat, rye, barley, and
• This disease interferes
with the absorption of
nutrients from food.
• If you eat gluten this
disease damages your
small intestines.
Crohns Disease
• Is a disease where an
inflammatory bowel
disease that is a extreme
condition that may occur at
various times over a
• Crohn's disease is also
called ileitis or enteritis.
• It damages the smaller
• In some cases the small
and large intestines are
• Hemorrhoids are blood
vessels, that are in and
around the anus and
lower rectum, that have
become swollen due to
stretching and pressure.
• These are very common
in both men and women,
and about half the
population have
hemorrhoids by age 50.
• This isnt a life threatening
• Very common in pregnant
• Gastritis is an
inflammation of the
stomach lining.
• Drinking to much alcohol
and smoking and eating
spicy food is what can
give you this disease.
• There are many different
ways that cause this
disorder but these are just
some of them.
• Stay away from
consuming to much of
these items if you don’t
want this disease.
Stomach Cancer
• Is cancer that starts in any
part of the stomach.
• It is also called gastric
• This is a very life
threatening disease.
• A lot of people in America
pass away each year from
this disease.
• The earlier it is found and
treated the better.
• Gastroparesis is a
stomach disorder in which
the stomach takes too long
emptying out everything.
• If food remains in the
stomach for too long, it can
cause problems such as
bacterial overgrowth from
the food sitting.
• The food can also harden
in to solid masses called,
bezoars which may cause
vomiting or nausea.
• An ulcer is an open sore, or
lesion, usually found on the
skin or mucous membrane
areas of the body.
• About 25 million
Americans develop at least one
ulcer during their lifetime.
• 5 Million people get affected
each year due to ulcers.
• Stomach ulcers are called
gastric ulcers
• There are many different
palaces that you can have
• Gallstones are hard,
pebble-like deposits that
form inside the gallbladder.
• Gallstones may be as small
as a grain of sand or as
large as a golf ball.
• Gallstones are usually
discovered in an annual xray.
• This is not a life threatening
Sudden Illnesses/ First Aid/
Emergency of the Digestive System
Part 3 – Lindsey Bernoskie
What are the most common
sudden illnesses in the Digestive
• Hiccups
• Heartburn/Acid Reflux
• Throw up
• Diarrhea
Useful Terms 2
• Coughing - an important way to keep your throat and
airways clear. However, excessive coughing may
mean you have an underlying problem.
• Endoscope - a procedure that uses a lighted, flexible
endoscope to see inside the upper GI tract.
• Dysentery- an inflammatory disorder of the intestine,
especially of the colon, that results in severe diarrhea
containing mucus and/or blood in the feces with fever
and abdominal pain.
• Dysbiosis- poor digestive function
• Leaky Gut Syndrome- the name given for the condition
that allows larger food particles to pass through the
gut wall.
Useful Terms
Diarrhea- is the condition of having three or more
loose or liquid bowel movements per day.
Hiccups - is an esophageal contraction of the
diaphragm that repeats several times per minute.
Digestive System - is the mechanical and chemical
breaking down of food into smaller components that
can be absorbed into a blood stream, for instance.
Heartburn- also known as acid reflux, is a painful
and burning sensation in the esophagus, just behind
the breastbone, usually associated with regurgitation
of gastric acid.
Irritable bowel syndrome refers to a disorder of the
lower intestinal tract. It involves abdominal pain and
abnormal bowel movements. Emotional stress often
makes the symptoms worse.
What is a hiccup?
A Hiccup is defined as the involuntary contraction of
the diaphragm — the muscle that separates your chest from
your abdomen and plays an important role in breathing.
• Causes of hiccups
– Eating too much
– Drinking carbonated
– Excessive
consumption of
– Sudden temperature
– Excitement or
emotional stress
-Prevention of Hiccups
- Eat
large meals
- Drink carbonated
beverages or
- Have Sudden
changes in
Heartburn/ Acid Reflux
Acid Reflux and Heartburn is defined as: A common
condition and an abnormal one in which acid in the stomach
rises up into the esophagus.
• Symptoms
– Burping
– Nausea after
– Stomach fullness
or bloating
– Upper abdominal
pain and
-People with heartburn should
avoid or reduce consumption of
foods and beverages that contain
caffeine, chocolate, peppermint,
spearmint, and alcohol.
- Physicians often advise patients
with Acid Reflux to cut down on
fatty foods.
- Increasing protein may help
-Whole grain products
-Eat fruits and vegetables,
although avoid acidic vegetables
and fruits
Diarrhea is defined as: A familiar
phenomenon with unusually frequent or
unusually liquid bowel movements,
excessive watery evacuations of fecal
What are Causes of
Bacteria and parasites
Artificial sweeteners
How to treat Diarrhea?
-Drinking lots of fluids
-Eat probiotic yogurt.
-BRAT diet: bananas,
rice, apples or applesauce,
and dry toast.
-Avoid diarrhea
Symptoms of Diarrhea?
-Frequent, loose,
watery stools
-Abdominal cramps
-Abdominal pain
-Blood in the stool
Throw Up/ Vomit
• Throw up or vomit is defined as:To
eject part or all of the contents of the
stomach through the mouth, usually in a
series of involuntary spasmic
Symptoms Of Vomiting:
-Involuntary expulsion of food from
mouth and nose
-Increased saliva
-Difficulty in swallowing food or liquid
-Changes in skin temperature
-Increase in heartbeat rate
-Increased sensitivity to certain smells
-Changes in the taste of some foods
Causes of Vomiting:
-central causes (signals from
the brain)
-association with another
-medications and medical
Prevention: DON’T EAT
This is a picture of acid reflux - which
is the burning in or around your
stomach from eating food.
Diarrhea causes death amongst
young children and is just too much
water in the stool. Diarrhea could also
lead to dehydration.
The End