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ALCOHOL
• Genetically Linked
• Different reactions from different
people, different times of drinking
• Effects up to 3 days afterwards
• Blackouts vs. Passing out
FACTORS INFLUENCING
ALCOHOL’S EFFECTS
TYPE OF DRINK
HOW QUICKLY IT IS DRANK
AMOUNT OF FOOD IN STOMACH
BODY WEIGHT
MENTAL / EMOTIONAL STATE
SURROUNDINGS
PHYSICAL TOLERANCE
STANDARD DRINK
12 oz beer
= 5 oz wine =
1.5 oz spirits
80 proof
BINGE DRINKING
• Heavy consumption of alcohol over a short
period of time
– Alcohol poisoning
– Increases chance of becoming an alcoholic
– Physical health – overweight, high BP,
unintentional injuries, STD’s, liver disease, etc.
– Mental health – higher incidence of dropping out,
can’t concentrate, trouble sleeping, etc.
ACUTE ALCOHOL INTOXICATION
(ALCOHOL POISONING)
See emergency help when the drinker:
• Cannot be awakened
• Has a weak, rapid pulse
• Has an unusual or irregular breathing
pattern
• Has cool, (possibly damp), pale or bluish
skin
Involuntary regurgitation
• Person drinks more than liver can oxidize
• Pyloric valve closes (end of stomach leading to small
intestine)
• Alcohol cannot escape from stomach
• Stomach lining gets irritated
• VOMITS
• Body’s way to try & prevent acute alcohol intoxication
• Unconscious person—position where airway is blocked
hence asphyxiating on their own vomit