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Transcript
20 CENTURY MUSIC
Musical Periods: Renaissance, Baroque, Classical, Romantic, 20 Century
OVERVIEW
• Tonal center was not required.
• More complex rhythms.
• More instruments used, including electronic instruments and world
instruments.
• Composers explored many different avenues for composition.
SUB “GENRES” WITHIN THE 20TH
CENTURY CATEGORY
Serialism
“Chance” Music/
Minimalism
Neoclassicism
Serialism assigned numbers to the
twelve tones in a chromatic scale.
“Chance” music question the
definition of music.
Neo + classical = Older forms with
new ideas.
All twelve tones must be used before
you repeat any tones.
Most famous composer: John Cage
Most of this music was composed in
Russia.
Notable composer (and creator of
the twelve tone system): Arnold
Schoenberg
Discussion example: 4’33
Minimalist music occurs and changes,
but does not “go” anywhere.
It just is.
Listening example: Pierrot Lunaire
Recognizable Composer: Terry Riley
Listening example: In C
Noteable composers: Igor Stravinsky,
Aaron Copeland, Benjamin Britten
Listening example: The Rite of Spring
WHAT ELSE WAS GOING ON IN THE
WORLD?
• Both World Wars and the Cold War.
• Neoclassical music was composed mostly between these two wars when
stability was important.
• Music recording equipment becoming widely used.
• Henry Ford’s Model-T
• Albert Einstein’s Theory of Relativity
• Wright Brothers’ First Flight
PRACTICE DROP THE NEEDLE TEST!
• Number your paper 1-6.
• We will listen to all 6 examples before we discuss.
• Choose the music period:
•
•
•
•
BAROQUE
CLASSICAL
ROMANTIC
20TH CENTURY
HOMEWORK ASSIGNMENT
• FIND A FACT ABOUT 20TH CENTURY MUSIC.
• BE SURE YOU CITE YOUR SOURCE.
• DON’T USE WIKIPEDIA
• DUE DATE: NEXT CLASS