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Transcript
End of the Civil War and Its Impact
Chapter 11 Section 5
Objectives
•
Analyze the final events of the Civil War.
•
Explain why the North won the war.
•
Assess the impact of the Civil War on the North
and the South.
Surrender at Appomattox
• Lee’s army was down
to half the size of
Grant’s
• With less than 30,000
men left in his army,
Lee was forced to seek
terms of surrender
• Lee met Grant in a
house in the small town
of Appomattox
Courthouse
• The terms were simple:
Confederates could
keep their side arms,
animals, and dignity
• The war was over, and
the work of
Reconstruction begins
Assassination
Just five days
after Lee’s
surrender, the
nation was
shocked when
John Wilkes
Booth shot
President Lincoln.
Booth and four others had planned to kill the
President, Vice President, and Secretary of State.
They wanted to bring chaos to the Union so the
South could regroup and continue the war.
Booth was shot when found hiding in a barn in
Virginia. His four accomplices were captured
and hanged.
Thousands in cities and towns paid their respects as
Lincoln’s body was transferred to Springfield, Illinois.
Lincoln’s death
•
United his northern supporters and critics
•
Left the nation without a strong, steady hand
guiding the Union
Why the North Won the Civil War
The North had more resources.
• Abundant resources
• Larger population
• Emergence of new
military leaders
• Leadership of Lincoln
Deadly War
•
The war ushered in modern
warfare that meant huge
casualties.
•
The death toll from individual
battles in the Civil War was
greater than the United States
had previously sustained in
entire wars.
•
For the first time, the horror
of war was recorded for all to
see by photojournalists, like
Mathew Brady.
WHO WON THE CIVIL WAR?
The economic costs for both sides were staggering.
Impact of the Civil War in the South
•
Cities and the countryside lay in ruins. Soldiers
returned to find their homes and farms in shambles.
•
African Americans, particularly in the South, had to
adjust to their new freedom.
•
As Reconstruction progressed, blacks learned that
freedom was not always a reality in southern states.
Many African Americans migrated West, taking
advantage of the Homestead Act and the chance to
own land.
Impact of the Civil War in the North
•
The industrial boom fed by the war
continued and flourished, changing the
United States into world economic force.
•
Congress passed a tariff law protecting
the northern industries.
Impact of the war on the nation
•
Sectional differences never again led to states
leaving the Union.
•
The economic, political, and social life of the
nation became more interwoven.
•
The federal government increasingly played a
larger role in American lives.
Objectives
•
Analyze the final events of the Civil War.
•
Explain why the North won the war.
•
Assess the impact of the Civil War on the North
and the South.