Download Chapter 8 Take Home Exam

yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the workof artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Jim Crow laws wikipedia , lookup

Campaign finance in the United States wikipedia , lookup

Nullification Crisis wikipedia , lookup

Freedom of movement under United States law wikipedia , lookup

First National Bank of Boston v. Bellotti wikipedia , lookup

Second Party System wikipedia , lookup

Federal government of the United States wikipedia , lookup

Dual federalism wikipedia , lookup

States' rights wikipedia , lookup

Powers of the President of the United States wikipedia , lookup

Chapter 8 Exam
Student: ___________________________________________________________________________
1. The growing nationalism of the late 1810s and 1820s was reflected in all the following developments except
A. the crisis over the admission of Missouri
B. the foreign policy of the federal government
C. the adherence by many people to a set of shared sentiments
D. the growth of the economy
E. the patriotic celebrations every Fourth of July
2. The War of 1812 led to a call for
A. all of the answers below
B. high tariffs to protect new industries
C. a second Bank of the United States to solve banking problems
D. federally funded internal improvements to alleviate transportation problems
E. a resumption of economic growth and territorial expansion
3. When the charter of the Bank of the United States expired in 1811, state banks
A. decreased in number
B. issued bank notes that circulated as money
C. were solidly backed by gold and silver reserves
D. were carefully monitored by the federal government
E. succeeded at creating a more regulated currency
4. Between 1800 and 1820, the American textile industry experienced all of the following developments except
A. it expanded tremendously both before and after the war
B. it produced no significant inventions or technological advances of its own
C. it saw the opening of the first American mill to combine spinning and weaving under one roof
D. it suffered from the British dumping underpriced goods on the American market
E. it experienced less foreign competition after the tariff of 1816
5. In 1807, the federal government appropriated money for the construction of
A. a steamboat line
B. iron factories
C. canals
D. railroads
E. a national road
6. By 1820, the United States had seen significant progress in transportation in the form of significantly improved
A. river steamboats
B. railroads
C. canals
D. coastal roads
E. bridges
7. In 1817, when the federal government considered the bill to provide funding for internal improvements,
A. all of the answers below
B. John Randolph introduced the bill
C. Congress passed the bill
D. President Madison signed the bill
E. John Calhoun opposed any action
8. Following the War of 1812, westward expansion increased because
A. the railroads extended as far west as St. Louis
B. the federal government offered 160 acres of free land if one could cultivate it for five years
C. the Great Plains was seen as a fertile agricultural area
D. Canals connected the Great Lakes to the Missouri River
E. the Indian opposition to white settlement had considerably decreased
9. Before 1825, the main routes west were the
A. Hudson and St. Lawrence Rivers
B. new rail lines from Baltimore
C. Great Lakes
D. Ohio and Monongahela Rivers
E. Mason-Dixon Lines
10. The greatest problem with the cotton economy of the Old South was the
A. expense of slavery
B. lack of modern machinery
C. loss of fertility
D. encroachment of industry
E. decrease in markets
11. The principal crop of the Southwest of the early 1800s was
A. tobacco
B. rice
C. sugar
D. cotton
E. wheat
12. John Jacob Astor created a fortune in his ownership of the
A. Rocky Mountain Fur Company
B. Red River Fur Company
C. American Fur Company
D. Anglo-American Fur Company
E. Missouri Fur Company
13. Many trappers and mountain men
A. lived peacefully and successfully with Native Americans
B. invested heavily in mining operations
C. usually ended up owning their own fur companies
D. never relied on major fur companies for credit
E. refused to work in territories west of the Mississippi River
14. Major Stephen H. Long led an 1819 and 1820 expedition that
A. found the source of the Red River
B. explored the Pacific Northwest
C. labeled the Great Plains the "Great American Desert"
D. surveyed areas for new farmlands in the West
E. analyzed Indian artifacts in the Old Southwest
15. The president who was the last of the Virginia Dynasty was
A. Thomas Jefferson
B. John Quincy Adams
C. James Madison
D. Andrew Jackson
E. James Monroe
16. The "era of good feelings" became a popular label for the administration of
A. John Quincy Adams
B. James Monroe
C. James Madison
D. Thomas Jefferson
E. John Adams
17. The period 1817 to 1821 became known as the "era of good feelings" because there
A. was only one major political party
B. was general prosperity throughout the country
C. was general agreement on major political questions
D. were no problems in foreign affairs
E. were no disputes about slavery
18. In negotiating the Florida question, John Quincy Adams was able to obtain the cession of Florida when
A. the Spanish surrendered at St. Augustine
B. the United States gave up its claim to California
C. Jackson seized the Spanish forts at St. Marks and Pensacola
D. the British government invoked the terms of an alliance between Spain and England
E. the Missouri Compromise appeased warlike notions
19. Under the provisions of the Adams-Onis Treaty,
A. Britain agreed to cease impressing American sailors
B. the Creek Indians relinquished half of their land
C. Spain ceded all of Florida to the United States
D. America ended its embargo on European trade
E. Canada agreed to allow American shipping on the Great Lakes
20. The Panic of 1819 was the result of a speculative boom in the economy that ran for a number of years before the panic. The causes of that
speculation included all of the following except
A. a land boom
B. easy credit from the Bank of the United States
C. tight credit from the Bank of the United States
D. increasing world prices for American farm products
E. exceptionally high prices for American farmers
21. The controversy over whether Missouri would be admitted as a free state or a slave state illustrated
A. rising nationalism
B. the power of federalism
C. internationalism
D. a decline in regional differences
E. growing sectionalism
22. In 1819, the application by Missouri for admission to the Union raised the issue of
A. all of the answers below
B. opposition to slavery on moral grounds
C. the balance of political power between the northern and southern states
D. the economic competition between the plantation system and the free-labor system
E. the status of labor in newly admitted states
23. Under the Missouri Compromise, the entrance of Missouri as a state of the Union was paired with the admission of
A. Kansas
B. Minnesota
C. Tennessee
D. Maine
E. Nebraska
24. Under the Missouri Compromise, slavery was prohibited in
A. all remaining United States territories
B. all the rest of the Louisiana Purchase
C. all new territories except Texas
D. all the rest of the Louisiana Purchase north of the southern border of Missouri
E. all the rest of the Louisiana Purchase west of Missouri
25. The John Marshall court was responsible for strengthening
A. states' rights
B. the interests of the propertied and commercial classes
C. the executive branch
D. the legislative branch
E. the states' rights movement
26. Marshall's decisions in Fletcher v. Peck and Dartmouth College v. Woodward dealt with the
A. enforcement of federal law in territories
B. protection of contracts from violation by state governments
C. existence of slavery in new territories
D. right of Indians to control their own lands
E. sale of publicly held frontier lands
27. In the 1819 case of McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court decided that the
A. doctrine of implied powers was valid
B. federal courts could review state court decisions
C. Bank of the United States was unconstitutional
D. Indians had the right to control their own lands
E. federal courts could declare state laws unconstitutional
28. In the 1819 case of McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court under John Marshall decided that the
A. all of the answers below
B. doctrine of implied powers was valid
C. federal government could charter a national bank
D. state governments could not tax an agency of the federal government
E. "necessary and proper" clause could validate the creation of a national bank
29. In the case of Gibbons v. Ogden in 1824, the Supreme Court
A. strengthened the power of the monopoly
B. weakened the powers of the national government
C. strengthened the power of Congress to regulate interstate commerce
D. increased the power of the states to regulate intrastate commerce
E. ruled that commerce was a term that did not include navigation
30. The decisions of the Marshall Court established
A. the power of the federal government to promote economic growth
B. the role of the president as a mediator in controversial affairs
C. the strength of state governments in regulating private businesses
D. the idea that the federal government could not regulate interstate commerce
E. the belief that the rights of Indians could not be considered by the Supreme Court
31. The Marshall Court established the power of the federal government in the regulation of
A. education
B. intrastate disputes
C. the economy
D. slavery
E. foreign policy
32. In Johnson v. McIntosh (1823), the Supreme Court decided that the Indians
A. could be removed from their land at any time
B. could not sell land to the federal government
C. were subject to state laws rather than tribal laws
D. were protected by the Bill of Rights
E. had a basic right to their tribal lands
33. In Worcester v. Georgia, the Supreme Court ruled that the Indians were not subject to
A. all of the answers below
B. Indian treaty provisions
C. federal laws
D. state laws
E. treaties negotiated by the federal government
34. During the 1820s, the United States unofficially supported the Latin American countries breaking away from
A. France
B. Holland
C. Russia
D. Spain
E. Great Britain
35. The Monroe Doctrine contained all of the following policies except
A. noninterference by the United States in other countries of the Americas
B. a safeguard to the sovereignty of existing countries in the Americas
C. the closing of the Americas to further colonization
D. noninterference by the United States in European internal affairs
E. any challenge to sovereignty in the Americas being seen as an unfriendly act
36. The Monroe Doctrine was developed as a result of
A. all of the answers below
B. fear that Great Britain would seize Cuba
C. growing nationalism in the United States
D. concern that Spain and her allies would reconquer old colonies
E. concern that Spain's foreign allies would help it reclaim its lost empire
37. One immediate effect of the Monroe Doctrine was that it
A. tied American economic growth with the interests of Britain
B. expressed an American desire for shared control of Oregon
C. led to war with England regarding the impressment of sailors
D. created an atmosphere of isolationism in all foreign affairs
E. served as an important expression of emerging American nationalism
38. The dominant political party during the early 1800s was the
A. Democratic
B. Federalist
C. Republican
D. Whig
E. Independent
39. In 1824, the breakdown of the caucus system resulted in
A. the development of the "American Plan"
B. a "corrupt bargain" between Adams and Crawford
C. the election of Andrew Jackson to the presidency
D. passage of the Missouri Compromise
E. the election being thrown into the House of Representatives
40. Those who accused John Quincy Adams of a "corrupt bargain" maintained that he
A. sold the presidency to Andrew Jackson
B. lied to the congressional election panel
C. accepted bribes while in the White House
D. traded with Henry Clay for the presidency
E. offered bribes to congressmen while president
41. John Quincy Adams' presidency saw all of the following events except
A. the passage of the "tariff of abominations"
B. a continuation of bitterness over the election of 1824
C. attempted diplomacy in Latin America
D. some funding for internal improvements
E. success in protecting Indians in Georgia
42. The delegation to the Panama conference of 1826 was undermined when
A. Adams refused to appoint representatives
B. Congress took too long in approving the mission
C. the Panamanian conference refused to seat the American delegation
D. the sponsors fought among themselves and then canceled the conference
E. antislavery delegates walked out of the conference
43. When Adams refused to enforce the treaty between William McIntosh, a representative of the Creeks, and white Georgians, the governor of
Georgia decided to
A. make plans for the removal of the Indians anyway
B. allow the Indians to keep their lands
C. turn the case over to the Supreme Court
D. resign the governorship
E. request the military assistance of Spain
44. The Tariff of 1828 was not popular in New England because it protected
A. cotton
B. raw materials
C. woolens
D. tobacco
E. rice
45. The election of 1828 was characterized by the
A. emergence of a new Federalist party
B. absence of sectional voting patterns
C. victory of Adams because of his support from New England
D. emergence of a new two-party system
E. support of Jackson for economic nationalism