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Transcript
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SKY MAP SHOWS HOW
THE NIGHT SKY LOOKS
EARLY JUL 10 PM
LATE JUL 9 PM
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SKY MAP DRAWN FOR
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SUITABLE FOR
LATITUDES UP
TO 15° NORTH
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OF THIS
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Venus 0.3° NNE of Beehive Cluster (M45) (25° from Sun, evening
sky) at 22h UT.
4 Moon near Pleiades (42° from Sun, morning sky) at 8h UT.
5 Moon near Aldebaran (34° from Sun, morning sky) at 5h UT.
5 Earth at Aphelion (farthest from Sun) at 15h UT. The
Sun-Earth distance is 1.016708 a.u. or about 152.1
million km.
6 Moon near Mars (19° from Sun, morning sky) at 12h UT.
Mag. +1.5.
8 New Moon at 7:15 UT. Start of lunation 1120.
7 Moon at apogee (farthest from Earth) at 1h UT
(distance 406,490 km; angular size 29.4').
9 Mercury at inferior conjunction with the Sun at
19h UT. Mercury passes into the morning sky.
10 Moon near Beehive cluster (20° from Sun,
evening sky) at 1h UT.
10 Moon near Venus (27° from Sun, evening sky) at
19h UT. Mag. –3.9.
11 Moon near Regulus (evening sky) at 23h UT.
16 Moon very near Spica (89° from Sun, evening
sky) at 2h UT. Occultation visible from west
Central America, and northwest South America.
16 First Quarter Moon at 3:19 UT.
17 Moon near Saturn (evening sky) at 0h UT. Mag. +0.6.
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19 Moon near Antares (evening sky) at 8h UT.
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21 Moon at perigee (closest to Earth) at 20h UT
(358,401 km; 33.3'). Perigee occurs 22 hours before Full
Moon; high tides expected.
22 Mars 0.79° N of Jupiter (24° from Sun, morning sky) at
7h UT. Mags. +1.6 and –1.9.
22 Venus 1.1° NNE of Regulus (30° from Sun, evening sky) at
13h UT. Mags. –3.9 and +1.3.
22 Full Moon at 18:15 UT.
29 Last Quarter Moon at 17:44 UT.
30 Mercury at greatest elongation, 20° west of Sun (morning sky) at 9h UT.
Mag +0.3.
More sky events and links at http://Skymaps.com/skycalendar/
All times in Universal Time (UT). (USA Eastern Summer Time = UT – 4 hours.)
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http://twitter.com/skymaps
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FREE* EACH MONTH FOR YOU TO EXPLORE, LEARN & ENJOY THE NIGHT SKY
Sky Calendar – July 2013
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The Evening Sky Map
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Copyright
©
2000–2013
Kym
Thalassoudis.
All
Rights
Reserved.
W
N THE S
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KY.
INSTRUCTIONS: THE SKY M
* TERMS OF USE: FREE FOR NON-COMMERCIAL EDUCATIONAL USE. ASTRONOMY EDUCATION GROUPS
Star Magnitudes
MAY FREELY DISTRIBUTE PRINTED HANDOUTS. FULL DETAILS AT http://Skymaps.com/terms.html
Tips for Observing the Night Sky
When observing the night sky, and in particular deep-sky objects such as star clusters,
nebulae, and galaxies, it’s always best to observe from a dark location. Avoid direct
light from street lights and other sources. If possible observe from a dark location
away from the light pollution that surrounds many of today’s large cities.
You will see more stars after your eyes adapt to the darkness—usually about 10 to
20 minutes after you go outside. Also, if you need to use a torch to view the sky
map, cover the light bulb with red cellophane. This will preserve your dark vision.
Finally, even though the Moon is one of the most stunning objects to view
through a telescope, its light is so bright that it brightens the sky and makes many of
the fainter objects very difficult to see. So try to observe the evening sky on
moonless nights around either New Moon or Last Quarter.
Astronomical Glossary
Conjunction – An alignment of two celestial bodies such that they present the least
angular separation as viewed from Earth.
Constellation – A defined area of the sky containing a star pattern.
Diffuse Nebula – A cloud of gas illuminated by nearby stars.
Double Star – Two stars that appear close to each other in the sky; either linked by
gravity so that they orbit each other (binary star) or lying at different distances from
Earth (optical double). Apparent separation of stars is given in seconds of arc (").
Ecliptic – The path of the Sun’s center on the celestial sphere as seen from Earth.
Elongation – The angular separation of two celestial bodies. For Mercury and Venus
the greatest elongation occurs when they are at their most angular distance from the
Sun as viewed from Earth.
Galaxy – A mass of up to several billion stars held together by gravity.
Globular Star Cluster – A ball-shaped group of several thousand old stars.
Light Year (ly) – The distance a beam of light travels at 300,000 km/sec in one year.
Magnitude – The brightness of a celestial object as it appears in the sky.
Open Star Cluster – A group of tens or hundreds of relatively young stars.
Opposition – When a celestial body is opposite the Sun in the sky.
Planetary Nebula – The remnants of a shell of gas blown off by a star.
Universal Time (UT) – A time system used by astronomers. Also known as Greenwich
Mean Time. USA Eastern Standard Time (for example, New York) is 5 hours behind UT.
Variable Star – A star that changes brightness over a period of time.
JULY 2013
CELESTIAL OBJECTS
Listed on this page are several of the brighter, more interesting celestial objects
visible in the evening sky this month (refer to the monthly sky map). The objects are
grouped into three categories. Those that can be easily seen with the naked eye (that
is, without optical aid), those easily seen with binoculars, and those requiring a
telescope to be appreciated. Note, all of the objects (except single stars) will
appear more impressive when viewed through a telescope or very large
binoculars. They are grouped in this way to highlight objects that can be seen using
the optical equipment that may be available to the star gazer.
NORTHERN HEMISPHERE
About the Celestial Objects
Easily Seen with the Naked Eye
Altair
Arcturus
b Cephei
Deneb
_ Herculis
Vega
Antares
Polaris
Spica
Aql
Boo
Cep
Cyg
Her
Lyr
Sco
UMi
Vir
Brightest star in Aquila. Name means "the flying eagle". Dist=16.7 ly.
Orange, giant K star. Name means "bear watcher". Dist=36.7 ly.
Cepheid prototype. Mag varies between 3.5 & 4.4 over 5.366 days. Mag 6 companion.
Brightest star in Cygnus. One of the greatest known supergiants. Dist=1,400±200 ly.
Semi-regular variable. Magnitude varies between 3.1 & 3.9 over 90 days. Mag 5.4 companion.
The 5th brightest star in the sky. A blue-white star. Dist=25.0 ly.
Red, supergiant star. Name means "rival of Mars". Dist=135.9 ly.
The North Pole Star. A telescope reveals an unrelated mag 8 companion star. Dist=433 ly.
Latin name means "ear of wheat" and shown held in Virgo's left hand. Dist=250 ly.
Easily Seen with Binoculars
d Aquilae
M3
+ Cephei
Mel 111
r Cygni
M39
i Draconis
M13
M92
¡ Lyrae
R Lyrae
M12
M10
IC 4665
6633
M15
M8
M25
M22
M4
M6
M7
M5
Mizar & Alcor
Cr 399
Aql
CVn
Cep
Com
Cyg
Cyg
Dra
Her
Her
Lyr
Lyr
Oph
Oph
Oph
Oph
Peg
Sgr
Sgr
Sgr
Sco
Sco
Sco
Ser
UMa
Vul
Bright Cepheid variable. Mag varies between 3.6 & 4.5 over 7.166 days. Dist=1,200 ly.
Easy to find in binoculars. Might be glimpsed with the naked eye.
Herschel's Garnet Star. One of the reddest stars. Mag 3.4 to 5.1 over 730 days.
Coma Berenices. 80 mag 5-6 stars in 5 deg. Dist=283 ly. Age=400 million years.
Long period pulsating red giant. Magnitude varies between 3.3 & 14.2 over 407 days.
May be visible to the naked eye under good conditions. Dist=900 ly.
Wide pair of white stars. One of the finest binocular pairs in the sky. Dist=100 ly.
Best globular in northern skies. Discovered by Halley in 1714. Dist=23,000 ly.
Fainter and smaller than M13. Use a telescope to resolve its stars.
Famous Double Double. Binoculars show a double star. High power reveals each a double.
Semi-regular variable. Magnitude varies between 3.9 & 5.0 over 46.0 days.
Close to the brighter M10. Dist=18,000 ly.
3 degrees from the fainter M12. Both may be glimpsed in binoculars. Dist=14,000 ly.
Large, scattered open cluster. Visible with binoculars.
Scattered open cluster. Visible with binoculars.
Only globular known to contain a planetary nebula (Mag 14, d=1"). Dist=30,000 ly.
Lagoon Nebula. Bright nebula bisected by a dark lane. Dist=5,200 ly.
Bright cluster located about 6 deg N of "teapot's" lid. Dist=1,900 ly.
A spectacular globular star cluster. Telescope will show stars. Dist=10,000 ly.
A close globular. May just be visible without optical aid. Dist=7,000 ly.
Butterfly Cluster. 30+ stars in 7x binoculars. Dist=1,960 ly.
Superb open cluster. Visible to the naked eye. Age=260 million years. Dist=780 ly.
Fine globular star cluster. Telescope will reveal individual stars. Dist=25,000 ly.
Good eyesight or binoculars reveals 2 stars. Not a binary. Mizar has a mag 4 companion.
Coathanger asterism or "Brocchi's Cluster". Not a true star cluster. Dist=218 to 1,140 ly.
Telescopic Objects
7009
¡ Boötis
M94
M51
M64
Albireo
61 Cygni
a Delphini
` Lyrae
M57
M23
M20
M21
M17
M11
M16
M81
M82
M27
Aqr
Boo
CVn
CVn
Com
Cyg
Cyg
Del
Lyr
Lyr
Sgr
Sgr
Sgr
Sgr
Sct
Ser
UMa
UMa
Vul
Saturn Nebula. Requires 8-inch telescope to see Saturn-like appendages.
Red giant star (mag 2.5) with a blue-green mag 4.9 companion. Sep=2.8". Difficult to split.
Compact nearly face-on spiral galaxy. Dist=15 million ly.
Whirlpool Galaxy. First recognised to have spiral structure. Dist=25 million ly.
Black-Eye Galaxy. Discovered by J.E. Bode in 1775 - "a small, nebulous star".
Beautiful double star. Contrasting colours of orange and blue-green. Sep=34.4".
Attractive double star. Mags 5.2 & 6.1 orange dwarfs. Dist=11.4 ly. Sep=28.4".
Appear yellow & white. Mags 4.3 & 5.2. Dist=100 ly. Struve 2725 double in same field.
Eclipsing binary. Mag varies between 3.3 & 4.3 over 12.940 days. Fainter mag 7.2 blue star.
Ring Nebula. Magnificent object. Smoke-ring shape. Dist=4,100 ly.
Elongated star cluster. Telescope required to show stars. Dist=2,100 ly.
Trifid Nebula. A telescope shows 3 dust lanes trisecting nebula. Dist=5,200 ly.
A fine and impressive cluster. Dist=4,200 ly.
Omega Nebula. Contains the star cluster NGC 6618. Dist=4,900 ly.
Wild Duck Cluster. Resembles a globular through binoculars. V-shaped. Dist=5,600 ly.
Eagle Nebula. Requires a telescope of large aperture. Dist=8,150 ly.
Beautiful spiral galaxy visible with binoculars. Easy to see in a telescope.
Close to M81 but much fainter and smaller.
Dumbbell Nebula. Large, twin-lobed shape. Most spectacular planetary. Dist=975 ly.
The Evening Sky Map (ISSN 1839-7735) Copyright © 2000–2013 Kym Thalassoudis. All Rights Reserved.