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Eircom Gardens
The area defined by the wall of IMMA, St John’s Road and the
significant view line from the north range of IMMA to Gandon’s Royal
Infirmary building should be landscaped to create ‘Eircom Gardens’.
The gardens of IMMA are made up of 2 principal elements:
a formal, raised garden to the north of the building set within
a wider ‘natural’ landscape, which originally extended to the
Phoenix Park to the north and the Guinness UDV lands to the
It is considered essential that the sense of a wider landscape is
preserved. Eircom Gardens should provide appropriate planting to the
east of the formal gardens.
The axes in the formal garden are abstractions of routes through the
land beyond the confines of the walled garden. The axes are relevant
only to the Royal Hospital Kilmainham complex. To continue or use
these axes beyond the walls would weaken the abstract nature of the
original garden design.
Eircom Gardens should be a planted area providing recreation
space for the development in the Eircom lands and creating an
appropriate edge condition to the formal gardens.
Planting height and species should provide an appropriate
relationship to the IMMA wall and other planting around the
perimeter of the formal garden.
The garden should have a woodland character.
Associated development:
High-density 5 – 6 storey commercial and residential
development should follow the line of the protected view.
Development should address and be accessed off the newplanted area – Eircom Gardens, with minimal vehicular access.
Buildings should present high quality elevations to the Eircom
Gardens and be seen as addressing the wider arena of the river
valley and city edge – forming a grouping with Gandon’s Royal
Infirmary building (Department of Defence Headquarters) and
the buildings proposed on the West Terrace.
No new building should create a direct relationship with the
formal garden as this will throw off balance the relationships
within the Royal Hospital Kilmainham and associated parkland.
OPW Park
Curtilage should be defined for the National Monuments on the OPW
site. The area is identified in this document as ‘OPW Park’.
The position at the centre of the Eircom/OPW development provides a
contrast to the high-density development proposed in this area.
The park is between the new IMMA Avenue and Military Road. The park
should therefore provide numerous pedestrian and cycle links from the
Phoenix Park / Kilmainham link and St. John’s Road west site.
Soft landscaped area with small-scale pavilion-like buildings.
Secure, bright and extensive landscape.
Provision should be made for children – a playground area for
local community.
Associated development
Small scale pavilion-like buildings with institutional and mixed
The buildings must compliment the scale of the existing National
Monuments and be part of a coherent plan for the curtilage of
The buildings should contrast with the National Monuments with
high quality contemporary design.
The National Monuments should be fully restored and given
appropriate new uses.
buildings in parkland / landscape
St. Stephen’s Green, Dublin
Parque Poblenou, Barcelona [Ruisanchez and Vendrell]
Parque de Santo Domingo de Bonaval [Alvaro Siza Vieira + Isabel Aguirre]
St Johns Road Sites substudy document
public spaces and associated development
urban projects
Building Heights and Views
The building line onto Eircom Gardens should be dictated by the
significant view from the Royal Hospital Kilmainham to the Department
of Defence Headquarters.The lines of the significant view are taken
from the west corner of the north range of the Royal Hospital
Kilmainham and east corner of the Deputy Master’s House to the
western side of the Magazine Fort and east edge of the main elevation
of the Department of Defence Headquarters respectively.
Building height on the site west of Military Road should be kept to 5
storeys commercial or 6 storeys residential within the site and 6 storeys
commercial onto St John’s Road. Residential blocks onto Military Road
should follow the curve of the pedestrian / cycle link and rise to 6
Development within the curtilage of the National Monuments in OPW
Park should generally be of 2 or 3 storeys and of a scale comparable
to the National Monuments.
The development of residential towers along the IMMA Avenue and
Cammock should be of seven storeys.
Development on the site between the OPW Park and Dr Steeven’s
Hospital Park should be high density commercial with a tall building
over part of the site as indicated. The guidance height of 15 storeys is
indicative only. Possible uses for this building should be hotel or
The tall structure is one of 3 proposed tall buildings around Heuston
Station. The building will locate the OPW site and station from the wider
city. The prominence of this building necessitates the highest
architectural standards and materials. Height and slenderness is
subject to a visual impact assessment. The building should have a high
level of transparency.
visual connections
high buildings
St Johns Road Sites substudy document
building heights and views
urban projects
Building Heights and Views
view of Royal Hospital from Phoenix Park
view of Royal Hospital rail bridge from Conyngham Road
view of full north range of Royal Hospital from Conyngham Road
Royal Hospital north facade
view of Phoenix Park from Royal Hospital to west
view of Phoenix Park from Royal Hospital to north-west
view of Phoenix Park from Royal Hospital to north
view of Phoenix Park from Royal Hospital to north-east
view of Dublin from location adjacent to Magazine Fort
Malton’s view of Dublin from Magazine Fort, 1791
St Johns Road Sites substudy document
building heights and views
urban projects
The St John’s Road sites are an integral part of the following
connections though the Heuston Gateway:
Pedestrian / cycle route: Phoenix Park to IMMA
The Phoenix Park and Royal Hospital Kilmainham Gardens have been
separated since the construction of Heuston Station in the mid 1800s
and suffer from poor linkage to the city or public transport nodes.
A new route is proposed linking the parks. The route should cross St
John’s Road and follow the existing curve of Military road. The height
difference should be accommodated within the Eircom/OPW building
The route should continue to the junction with the entrance to IMMA and
Irwin Street/ Bowbridge.
pedestrian cycle route: Phoenix Park to IMMA
Pedestrian / cycle route: Dr Steevens Hospital Park to IMMA
A new pedestrian dominant link, IMMA Avenue, is proposed between
Dr.Steevens Hospital Park and IMMA, parallel with the Cammock river.
The avenue is part of the route between the National Museum and
The IMMA avenue provides access through the OPW lands to the east
of Military Road, increasing permeability for pedestrians. Please refer
to section 4.1.
pedestrian cycle route: Dr Steevens Hospital Park to IMMA
St Johns Road Sites substudy document
urban projects
Sustainability Strategy
The Development Framework Plan for the St Johns Road Sites should
incorporate a sustainability strategy for appropriate development. All
development should follow the basic guidelines and recommendations
for sustainable urban design as described in this section.
The sustainability strategy is in line with the National Sustainable
Development Strategy of the Government of Ireland, The Strategic
Planning Guidelines for the Greater Dublin Area (2000), DTO: A
Platform for Change and the Dublin City Development Plan 1999.
The aims of the sustainability strategy for the St Johns Road Sites
should be:
to create an appropriate balance between dense urban
development and preservation or creation of green amenity
to encourage development of high density mixed use areas for
living and working
to integrate large underused stakeholders’ sites into the urban
grain of Dublin
to reduce car dependency and provide efficient public transport
to protect water quality and air quality
to control noise pollution
to manage waste and recycling
to preserve natural landscapes and ecosystems
to protect architecturally or historically significant structures
The sustainability strategy is described in the areas of
Density and Mixed Use
Environmental Quality
families. Mixed use areas should allow synergies to be
developed between non residential uses.
High density housing should be encouraged.
Housing design should address issues of:
lifetime use
energy use
natural ventilation
water conservation
communal facilities
waste management
Housing designs should be assessed using BREEAM
assessment method of EcoHomes and materials specified using
the BRE’s Green Guide to Housing Specification.
Social and affordable housing should be integrated into the
development to encourage social heterogeneity. Private
developers, local authorities, informed design teams and
approved housing bodies should be encouraged to work
together to provide appropriate standards in design, construction
and provision. The complete environment of the housing should
be fully designed and implemented.
The developers should be encouraged to use new systems and
techniques to allow greater output, higher standards and reduce
site time.
density and mixed use
The Development Framework Plan aims to reduce urban sprawl by:
remodelling of public spaces and amenity
development of vacant infill sites
regeneration of industrial sites
increased density
social and affordable housing, Dublin [Urban Projects]; housing for elderly, Amsterdam [KCAP]; terraced housing,
Rotterdam; housing, Helsinki [Arrak Architects]
This is in line with section 14.1.1 of the Dublin City Development Plan
1999, Managing Intensification and Change: A Strategy for Dublin
Building Height, and the DOE Guidelines for Planning Authorities on
Residential Density, 1999.
development with close proximity of housing, jobs, services and
amenities. Development should create an attractive and vibrant
environment that appeals to a wide range of people including the
housing, Dornbirn, Austria [Herman Kaufmann]; terraced housing and apartments, Rotterdam [KCAP]
St Johns Road Sites substudy document
sustainability strategy
urban projects
The Development Framework Plan aims to reduce dependency on the
car and promote use of public transport, cycling and
walking. The high density, mixed use developments proposed around
the station will reduce distances travelled between home, workplace
and services.
Cars currently dominate the area creating a compromised environment
due to:
air and noise pollution
tiredness and stress
danger of accidents
visual disamenity
In line with the Dublin City Development Plan 1999 a series of
nodal spaces across the area are proposed linked by a network of
pedestrian priority routes. It is intended that these will improve
accessibility for
visitors and will expand the sphere of tourism activity out beyond
traditional areas of interest. The Development Framework Plan
aims to integrate the St Johns Road Sites into the tourist and
recreational mapping of the city.
car park, Heilbronn, Germany [Mahler Gunster Fuchs]
cycle lane, Copenhagen
pedestrian, Dublin
Transport and parking policies should be designed to promote public
transport use. Park and ride schemes at out of town locations should
reduce the numbers of cars being brought into the city.
Initiatives such as car-sharing should be investigated.
New and improved public transport services should be introduced as
necessary with well designed timetables and tariff structures, and
increased safety and security. New services to stops within the St Johns
Road sites would help integrate and revitalise these areas.
The new streets should be designed to give less space to the car and
increased space for pedestrians, cyclists and public transport. Areas for
different modes of transport should be clearly defined using materials
and sectional changes.
Cycling is a sustainable form of urban transport due to:
quality of life and health issues
independence, speed and versatility
physical size of transport mode
ability to integrate into all environments without dominating or
causing an adverse impact
Adequate provision of cycle tracks and parking should be provided.
Initiatives such as bicycle loan schemes should be investigated.
An appropriate balance between pedestrian and vehicular traffic should
be created. Communal space in residential and commercial areas
should be detailed to create pedestrian dominant areas with controlled
access for cars.
St Johns Road Sites substudy document
sustainability strategy
urban projects
environmental quality
The strategy for maintaining a high quality and sustainable environment
in the Heuston Gateway generally is described in terms of
energy management, water management and green spaces.
7.3.1 energy management
The developments in the Heuston Gateway should aim to reduce energy
consumption by:
high density development
site design orientation to ensure optimum passive solar gain
use of a rational energy supply and efficient use
high levels of insulation and thermal capacity in building fabric
Proposals for sites such as the St Johns Road Sites should apply for
grants and award schemes such as the House of Tomorrow Research,
Development and Demonstration Programme (RD&D). This programme
is administered by the Irish Energy Centre under the Economic and
Social Infrastructure Operational Programme of the National
Development Plan. Proposals of a significant scale are encouraged.
Model projects for new build, refurbishment or retrofit of housing,
demonstrating superior energy design and technology implementation
in homes or groups of homes under real operating conditions with the
potential for market influence and replication are suitable for
consideration in this scheme.
water management
Groundwater and surface water should be protected and waste water
Diverting surface water to reservoirs within green spaces can have the
following positive effects:
improvement in air quality by helping evaporation and therefore
increasing air humidity
improvement in microclimate
aiding slow soaking and restoration of natural water table
improvement in social and visual amenity
Flooding risk should be minimized by retaining permeable ground areas
and improving surface drainage.
It is essential to avoid loss of soil permeability by:
maximising areas of green roofs
use of permeable surfaces in car parks
promotion of grassed areas in courtyards
applications such as toilet flushing, washing machines, cleaning and
production processes. Rainwater recovery systems should be used in
all developments.
St Johns Road Sites substudy document
The Potsdamer Platz development in central Berlin has 17000 sq.m of
planted roof and cisterns collecting water used for toilet flushing, plant
irrigation and external pools. Water is treated by bio-chemical
purification. External pools can add character and improve the
microclimate in urban developments. This is particularly applicable to
the St Johns Road Sites.
The natural river banks along the Liffey and Cammock through the site
should be preserved or restructured as necessary.
smart facades:
offices, Athens
[Meletitiki/A.N. Tombazis and Associates Architects Ltd]
green spaces
The Development Framework Plan for the Heuston Gateway promotes:
preservation of open spaces
protection of plant life
regeneration of river banks
The Development Framework Plan for the St John’s Road Sites
contains numerous park areas. The provision of green spaces is
considered essential for the following reasons:
to increase air water content
absorption of CO2 and release of O2
absorption of dust
regulation and regeneration of natural water balance
natural filtration of water
absorption of sound
positive physical and psychological effects
provision of social and leisure space
economic opportunities
preservation of natural environment, wildlife and plant
Meadow areas in gardens and parks should be promoted to encourage
a wide variety of wild flowers, grasses and wildlife. Courtyards and
open spaces should be green and used for energy and water
conservation, waste management and amenity.
rainwater recovery system: Potsdamer Platz, Berlin [masterplan, Renzo Piano]
sustainability strategy
urban projects
The site is home to two National Monuments (pre-1700s). The
Development Framework Plan recommends the retention of these
structures. The future of the buildings is to be the subject of a separate
Other protected structures in and around the site should also be
The curtilage of the National Monuments should be defined and
developed as ‘OPW Park’.
National Monuments, OPW site
details: works to historic buildings in Portugal [Souto de Moura]
St Johns Road Sites substudy document
sustainability strategy
urban projects