... Construction Economics. University of
U n i v
... This thesis investigates and develops an urban design framework
for the Pretoria Station Precinct. This framework proposes the
development of an inter-modal facility, with retail and commercial
potentials, as well as the establishment of a community-based
facility. The focus of this study aims to pr ...
Sustainable Return on Investment Analysis of
... collaborated with key City staff throughout the process.
Green buildings are often regarded as having defined costs for construction, operations, and
maintenance as well as defined benefits in any utility or life cycle cost savings that are provided by
upgraded materials or components. However, ther ...
Sustainable refurbishment of exterior walls and building facades
... heating demand can be studied with a dynamic simulation. It is however possible
to estimate roughly the effect of the insulation on the heating demand with simple
stationary calculation techniques such as the heating degree day method, this
gives an upper limit value on the possible energy saving. T ...
skyscrapers as tools of economic reform and elements of urban
... expansion is irregular and subject to administrative decisions only. There
is a mix in the land use plan. One can find commercial and residential uses
next to each other and even in one building. Urban sprawl and low-density
development are also considered as one of the main problems facing
Regional Planning Guidelines for the Greater Dublin Area 2010-2022
... The review period for the Regional Planning Guidelines has come at a time of change – changes in global and national
economics, changes in planning and environmental legislation and changes in the political structures to deliver on
national goals. This time of transition presents new challenges in t ...
Untitled - BEAM Society
... and development. Besides expanding the range of building developments
that can be assessed, these versions of BEAM widened the coverage of
issues that could further define the quality and sustainability of the
In 2009, climate change and global warming became international issues.
Analysis of selected concepts on Resource Management
... in the EU, the implication of these targets range from requirements of drastic
reductions in resource use (e.g. the Environmental Space Concepts states fossil
fuel use must be reduced by about 75% compared with 1990 levels) to assessments that EU has significantly positive genuine savings, indicatin ...
rosetta urban profile – background
... growing populations and
tenure, infrastructure, and
shelter, while ensuring
As part of our drive to address this crisis, UNHABITAT is working with the European
Commission (EC) and other partners to support
sustainable development arou ...
Fourth Holcim Awards - LafargeHolcim Foundation
... of guilt, as if our consumption has come back to haunt us and we
require some kind of signpost to assuage our guilt but also to begin
addressing what seems to be a problem that we have buried in
landfill for too long, out of sight and out of smell. The vague memory
that there are whole settlements b ...
Design for Conservation Areas
... This report and SA process has been led by Essex County Council’s
environmental assessment team. Diverse expertise has been drawn upon across
the County Council’s service areas and appropriate partnership forums. This
arrangement conforms to guidance recommendations in respect of a need for
taking a ...
1. Objective of the architectural competition
... structure has exactly expressed radial system (that very seldom appears at other places) or being
more precise – fan-shaped system, if taking into consideration the coastal location of the town. Most
of the destinations shown on the plan (maybe with little changes) exist also nowadays.
Soon after T ...
A Dissertation on - The British University in Dubai
... awareness of our planets fragile position, a lot more players are entering the
market and in the coming years, competitiveness will ensure that environmentally
friendly construction will be budget friendly as well. A lot of speakers at the many
conferences around the world are keen on driving home t ...
A Bazaar Sustaining the Funetion for 400 Years: Spiee Bazaar
... surrounded with a network of sea, railroad and highway transportation points out
to the fact that, the area which has been an important eommercial center for
centuries will continue to be so.
However, in such eases prior to suggesting ways to make these buildings
reusable, it should be noted whether ...
CONFLICT AND COLLABORATION: HISTORIC PRESERVATION AND ACADEMIC, GOVERNMENT,
... and other building comfort goals through non-mechanical or limited energy means.
Proper use of double-hung sash windows, preservationists noted as an example, provides
natural ventilation and cooling, while historic shutters, porches, and awnings can reduce
unwanted indoor summer heat (solar gain). ...
green building guidelines
... Green building means improving our design and construction practices so that
the homes we build today will last longer, cost less to operate and won’t harm
people’s health. Green building also involves protecting the climate, conserving
natural resources and improving the built environment so that p ...
A Circular Economy in the Netherlands by 2050
... a cleaner environment.5 In a circular economy, we will treat
products, materials and resources within the earth’s
capacity to provide them and in an efficient and socially
responsible manner so that future generations can retain
access to material prosperity.6 Many parties in society are
already mak ...
LEED for Core and Shell
... design and construction of the entire core and shell base building including
MEP/FP systems, but have no control over the design and construction of the
tenant fit-out. An example of this type of project is a commercial office building,
medical office building, retail center, warehouse, or lab facil ...
Code for Sustainable Homes: Technical Guide
... Mandatory minimum performance standards are set for some issues. For
three of these, a single mandatory requirement is set which must be met,
whatever Code level rating is sought. Credits are not awarded for these
issues. Confirmation that the performance requirements are met for all three
is a mini ...
... of land and water that contain geographically distinct assemblages of natural
communities and provide ecologically-coherent units within which the needs of
biodiversity can be identified and the trade-offs between biodiversity conservation
and other legitimate forms of land use can most sensibly be ...
NE-CHPS 2 FINAL - Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships
... plumbing fixtures and innovative water use strategies combine to reduce water consumption.
Healthy indoor air is another important component of high performance schools. Air intakes are
located away from potential sources of contamination and ventilation systems are designed to
optimize fresh air. A ...
Framework for assessing sustainability levels in belgian agricultural
... have been developed at the farm level (e.g. EP (Mayrhofer et al., 1996); EMA (Lewis & Bardon, 1998);
SOLAGRO (Pointereau et al., 1999); ECOFARM (Peeters & Van Bol, 2000); AEI (Girardin et al., 2000);
PROP’EAU SABLE (Lambert et al., 2002); MESMIS (Lopez-Ridaura et al., 2002)). However, none of these
Climate Protection Manual FORCITIES
... install park & ride facilities
and provide car sharing
programs, offer location
efficient mortgages and
provide incentives for hybrid
or low emission vehicle use.
Chapter 5’s Long Term
Initiatives section (5 subsections) gives cities a look at
more comprehensive carbon
reduction opportunities. It
Polished Concrete and LEED v4.0 Certification
... Concrete construction makes environmental, social, and economic
sense. Because polished concrete floors can have a beneficial impact on
all three areas, polished concrete floors can literally and figuratively be
the foundation for greener building.
According to the Department of Energy, commercial b ...
Sustainability and performance assessment and
... 6.2.1 Land-use ............................................................................ 149
6.2.2 Energy Consumption .......................................................... 153
6.2.3 Greenhouse gas emissions ................................................. 158
6.2.4 Water consumption ....... ...
A sustainable city, or eco-city (also ""ecocity"") is a city designed with consideration of environmental impact, inhabited by people dedicated to minimization of required inputs of energy, water and food, and waste output of heat, air pollution - CO2, methane, and water pollution. Richard Register first coined the term ""ecocity"" in his 1987 book, Ecocity Berkeley: Building Cities for a Healthy Future. Other leading figures who envisioned the sustainable city are architect Paul F Downton, who later founded the company Ecopolis Pty Ltd, and authors Timothy Beatley and Steffen Lehmann, who have written extensively on the subject. The field of industrial ecology is sometimes used in planning these cities.There remains no completely agreed upon definition for what a sustainable city should be or completely agreed upon paradigm for what components should be included. Generally, developmental experts agree that a sustainable city should meet the needs of the present without sacrificing the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. The ambiguity within this idea leads to a great deal of variation in terms of how cities carry out their attempts to become sustainable.Ideally, a sustainable city creates an enduring way of life across the four domains of ecology, economics, politics and culture. However, minimally a sustainable city should firstly be able to feed itself with a sustainable reliance on the surrounding countryside. Secondly, it should be able to power itself with renewable sources of energy. The crux of this is to create the smallest possible ecological footprint, and to produce the lowest quantity of pollution possible, to efficiently use land; compost used materials, recycle it or convert waste-to-energy, and thus the city's overall contribution to climate change will be minimal, if such practices are adhered to.It is estimated that over 50% of the world’s population now lives in cities and urban areas. These large communities provide both challenges and opportunities for environmentally-conscious developers, and there are distinct advantages to further defining and working towards the goals of sustainable cities. Humans are social creatures and thrive in urban spaces that foster social connections. Because of this, a shift to more dense, urban living would provide an outlet for social interaction and conditions under which humans can prosper.Contrary to common belief, urban systems can be more environmentally sustainable than rural or suburban living. With people and resource located so close to one another it is possible to save energy and resources things such as food transportation and mass transit systems. Finally, cities benefit the economy by locating human capital in one relatively small geographic area where ideas can be generated.