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Judaism The Edukators Do this: Write definitions for: Terrorism Education War Activism Keep in mind: Religion Multiculturalism Terrorism 1. 2. 3. The act of terrorizing; use of terror, especially the systematic use of terror by a government or other authority against particular persons or groups. A condition of fear and submission produced by frightening people. A method of opposing a government internally through the use of terror. Education The development of knowledge, skill, ability, or character by teaching, training, study, or experience. 2. The qualities and knowledge a person gets from study, teaching, and experience. Enlightenment: the insight and understanding that make a person free from prejudice and ignorance. 1. War 1. 2. 3. Fighting carried on by armed force between nations or parts of a nation. Any fighting or struggle, conflict, or strife. To carry on any struggle actively; contend; battle. Activism 1. 2. 3. The doctrine or practice of vigorous action or involvement as a means of achieving political or other goals, sometimes by demonstrations, protests, etc. The use of direct, often confrontational action, in opposition to or support of a cause. Policy of taking direct and militant action. The Edukators Were Jan, Jule, and Peter engaged in education, terrorism, or war? (Or something else altogether?) Can people change? Do you see evidence of change in this film? How does this film fit in with the “Forgetting Hitler” article you read last week? Judaism Historically: term coined circa 70 CE. Term denotes a shared genealogy, traced through having a Jewish mother; and a shared sense of belonging to the same culture. No obvious starting point in history. Cultural v. Religious Diverse practice and definition. Central Beliefs There is only one God, who revealed himself to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. His laws were revealed to Moses, and form the Torah, he most eminent scripture of Judaism. God is incorporeal, omnipotent, omniscient, eternal, holy, merciful, and just. Messiah God will send a Messiah, who will be a descendent of David (the great king of Israel). The Messiah will establish Israel as a suzerainty, creating a worldwide kingdom of peace. Jews do not believe that Jesus was this Messiah. Torah Pentateuch The Five Books of Moses: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Genesis Exodus Leviticus Numbers Deuteronomy Orthodox Judaism Culture = Religion Rigorous adherence to Jewish laws The pentateuch is divinely inspired, and not open to interpretation. Some communities have separatist tendencies, though not to the extremes of sects like the Amish. E.g. Hasidism Reform Judaism Treats Judaism as more religion than culture. Started in response to Enlightenment values, particularly in 19th century Germany. Enables Jews to integrate more with their communities, be less separate, and adapt to modern life The Ten Commandments Eastman, p. 305. Yes, you should know them. Outlines rules for social interaction. Do this: Write a code of conduct for the university based on the Ten Commandments. Compare this to the code you authored when looking at the Buddhist Precepts. Talmud The body of teaching, commentary, and discussion of the Jewish scholars on the Mishnah, or oral Jewish law. Two Talmuds: Jerusalem/Palestinian ca. 500 CE Babylonian ca. 600 CE Babylonian Talmud gained supremecy ca. 11th century. Israel Another name for Judah 4th son of Jacob, whose 12 sons became the founders of the 12 tribes of ancient Israel. Modern nation formed 1948 Zionists seized Israel from the British and Palestinians. Zionism International, political, and ideological movement dedicated to restoring Israel to the Jewish people. Estb. ca. 1897 Not initially supported by most of the Jewish community. Many believed Israel would only be returned to the Jews by divine intervention.