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Transcript
Judaism
The Edukators
Do this:

Write definitions for:
 Terrorism
 Education
 War
 Activism

Keep in mind:
 Religion
 Multiculturalism
Terrorism
1.
2.
3.
The act of terrorizing; use of terror,
especially the systematic use of terror
by a government or other authority
against particular persons or groups.
A condition of fear and submission
produced by frightening people.
A method of opposing a government
internally through the use of terror.
Education
The development of knowledge, skill,
ability, or character by teaching,
training, study, or experience.
2. The qualities and knowledge a person
gets from study, teaching, and
experience.
Enlightenment: the insight and
understanding that make a person free
from prejudice and ignorance.
1.
War
1.
2.
3.
Fighting carried on by armed force
between nations or parts of a nation.
Any fighting or struggle, conflict, or
strife.
To carry on any struggle actively;
contend; battle.
Activism
1.
2.
3.
The doctrine or practice of vigorous
action or involvement as a means of
achieving political or other goals,
sometimes by demonstrations,
protests, etc.
The use of direct, often confrontational
action, in opposition to or support of a
cause.
Policy of taking direct and militant
action.
The Edukators
Were Jan, Jule, and Peter engaged in
education, terrorism, or war? (Or
something else altogether?)
 Can people change? Do you see
evidence of change in this film?
 How does this film fit in with the
“Forgetting Hitler” article you read last
week?

Judaism
Historically: term coined circa 70 CE.
 Term denotes a shared genealogy,
traced through having a Jewish mother;
and a shared sense of belonging to the
same culture.
 No obvious starting point in history.
 Cultural v. Religious
 Diverse practice and definition.

Central Beliefs
There is only one God, who revealed
himself to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.
 His laws were revealed to Moses, and
form the Torah, he most eminent
scripture of Judaism.
 God is incorporeal, omnipotent,
omniscient, eternal, holy, merciful, and
just.

Messiah
God will send a Messiah, who will be a
descendent of David (the great king of
Israel).
 The Messiah will establish Israel as a
suzerainty, creating a worldwide
kingdom of peace.
 Jews do not believe that Jesus was this
Messiah.

Torah


Pentateuch
The Five Books of Moses:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Orthodox Judaism
Culture = Religion
 Rigorous adherence to Jewish laws
 The pentateuch is divinely inspired, and
not open to interpretation.
 Some communities have separatist
tendencies, though not to the extremes
of sects like the Amish.
 E.g. Hasidism

Reform Judaism
Treats Judaism as more religion than
culture.
 Started in response to Enlightenment
values, particularly in 19th century
Germany.
 Enables Jews to integrate more with
their communities, be less separate,
and adapt to modern life

The Ten Commandments
Eastman, p. 305. Yes, you should know
them.
 Outlines rules for social interaction.
 Do this: Write a code of conduct for the
university based on the Ten
Commandments. Compare this to the
code you authored when looking at the
Buddhist Precepts.

Talmud
The body of teaching, commentary, and
discussion of the Jewish scholars on the
Mishnah, or oral Jewish law.
 Two Talmuds:

 Jerusalem/Palestinian
ca. 500 CE
 Babylonian ca. 600 CE

Babylonian Talmud gained supremecy
ca. 11th century.
Israel
Another name for Judah
 4th son of Jacob, whose 12 sons
became the founders of the 12 tribes of
ancient Israel.
 Modern nation formed 1948
 Zionists seized Israel from the British
and Palestinians.

Zionism
International, political, and ideological
movement dedicated to restoring Israel
to the Jewish people.
 Estb. ca. 1897
 Not initially supported by most of the
Jewish community.
 Many believed Israel would only be
returned to the Jews by divine
intervention.
