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Background EEA
• A European Union institution
• Established by EU Regulation
• Staff: about 80
• Budget: ca. 20 Meuro
• Seat: Copenhagen
EEA home page: www.eea.eu.int
1
The EEA mission
“Through the provision of timely, targeted, relevant
and reliable information to policy making agents
and the public, the EEA aims to help achieve
significant and measurable improvement in
Europe’s environment”
2
..serve the countries
and the Commission…
Policy development
Information
from EEA
Implementation, compliance
Countries
3
Commission
EEA member and partner countries
EU Member States
+ Norway Iceland
Liechtenstein
+East Europe, Malta,
Cyprus
(members in 2001)
NIS
4
The EEA Envision
ALL TO SUPPORT POLICY ACTION
P
S
I
R
Reporting
Assessment
Information
Data
REFERENCE CENTRE
NETWORKING
D
Monitoring
April 1998
Main EEA reports
• 1999 : Environment in the EU at the turn of the
century (State and Outlook/Scenarios)
•
•
•
•
2000 : Environmental signals, indicator based
2000/2001: Transport and environment report
2001 : next Environmental Signals
2002 : Europe's Environment : third Assessment
(Kiev report)
• 2004 : next State and Outlook report
6
EIONET
European Environmental Information and Observation Network
• National Focal Points
• National Reference Centres
• European Topic Centres (Air and climate
change; Water; Waste; Nature and Biodiversity;
Terrestrial Environment)
• Other institutes
The European Topic Centre on Air and Climate
Change (ETC/ACC)
• Established March 2001 for three years
• A truly European consortium
• Lead organization: RIVM, the Netherlands (colead UBA Germany)
• Around 8 manyear/year
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ETC Air and Climate Change consortium
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Institute of public health and environment (RIVM)
Netherlands (Lead)
Umweltbundesamt (UBA Berlin)
Germany
Umweltbundesamt (UBA Vienna)
Austria
Norwegian Air Research Centre (NILU)
Norway
EMEP Centres (CIAM/IIASA and MSCW/DNMI)
Technical University Athens (NTUA)
Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUT)
Austria/Norway(Int)
Greece
TNO-MEP
Netherlands
AEA Technology
United Kingdom
Oeko-institute
Germany
Slovak Hydrometeorological Institute (SHMU)
Slovakia
Czech Hydrometeorological Institute (CHMI)
Czech Republic
Main objectives for
ETC Air and Climate Change
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1.
To contribute to EEA main reports through assessments on climate
change and air pollution (past trends, current state and outlooks);
2.
To implement data collection and information systems to deliver
indicators for EEA reports and policy support (EUROAIRNET,
AIRBASE, CORINAIR) and to work with countries, Commission and
international organisations to further streamline information gathering
and reporting procedures;
3.
To provide support to the EU policy and legislative frameworks CAFE
(and AQ Framework Dir) and ECCP (and GHG monitoring Mechanism)
and international conventions (CLRTAP and UNFCCC/IPCC);
4.
To support countries in their reporting to the Commission and
international organisations, and for inclusion in the ETC databases, by
providing guidance/guidebooks, tools and by organising workshops.
Main policy support activities
EU Legislation
EU European Climate Change Programme
EU GHG Monitoring Mechanism
CAFE programme
AQ Framework Directive
Daughter Directives, Ozone Directive
National Emission Ceilings (NEC) Directive
AQ Exchange of Information Decision
Large Combustion Plant (LCP) Directive and Solvents Dir.
Directive on ozone deleting substances and revisions
IPPC Directive and EPER Decision
Theme
CC
CC
AQ,TAP
AQ
AQ
AQ, TAP
AQ
AQ
Strat. O3
All
International conventions
UNFCCC
UNECE CLRTAP
CC
TAP
11
ETC/ACC Work Programme
1. Contribute to State-of-Environment reporting,
assessments and environmental outlooks and
explore cross-benefits between climate change
and air pollution policies
2. Develop indicators for sectoral/environmental
reporting, support data reporting and access
and help remove duplication
3. Support policy making in EU and conventions
4. Interact with EIONET, organise workshops
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Products and services in 2001
Delivery date
Work package 1.
Assessment and EEA reporting
Proposal for an organisational framework
for assessments
Contribution to Environmental Signals
2002/Kiev report
Preparations for EU 2004 State and
Outlook report
Contribution to first EER and next TERM
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July
October
November
September/
December
Products and services in 2001
Delivery date
Work package 2.
Indicators, data flow, databases
1. Core indicator set air pollution/climate change.
2. Feasibility study 2002 report on climate
change indicators in Europe
June
September
Regular EIONET priority data flow progress
reports; streamlining of reporting
NFP/EIONET
meetings
Updates of databases CORINAIR, AIRBASE,
MDS and updated EMEP/CORINAIR Guidebook
AE: May, Sept
AQ: December
Updates of AQ-DEM and AE-DEM (IDA
programme)
June, Dec
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Products and services in 2001
Delivery date
Work package 3a. Add. support to EU/intern.
policy frameworks: Climate change
Support to EU Monitoring Mechanism (including
Kyoto requirements) and the ECCP programme
Ongoing
Topic report ‘EU and MS greenhouse gas emission
trends 1990-1999’
June
Topic report ‘Analysis and comparison of national
and EU projections of greenhouse emissions’
September
EU UNFCC Greenhouse Gas Inventory (also input
to the EU Third UNFCCC Communication
May
15
Products and services in 2001
Delivery date
Work package 3b. Add. support to EU/intern.
policy frameworks: Air pollution
Support to the CAFE and related EU legislation
Ongoing
Topic report ‘Air Quality in Europe’
July
Topic report ‘Air Emissions trends in Europe’
July
EU CLRTAP/NECD annual emission inventory
June
Report on ozone in EU summer 2001
October
Support to EU Pollutant Emission Register(IPPC)
Ongoing
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ETC/ACC products related to emissions
•
Improve data flow between countries, the European
Commission, Eurostat, the Conventions and EEA. Annual joint
TFEIP/EIONET workshop (May 2001, Geneva, Switzerland).
•
Provide software tools to Member States to fulfil international
reporting requirements (CollectER/ReportER/COPERT)
http://www.spirit.sk/products/corinair/e_corinair.html en
http://vergina.eng.auth.gr/mech/lat/copert/copert.htm
•
Publish the joint EMEP/CORINAIR Atmospheric Emission
Inventory Guidebook http://reports.eea.eu.int/EMEPCORINAIR/
•
Prepare the annual EU greenhouse gas inventory and the EC
CLRTAP inventory http://themes.eea.eu.int/issues/climate and
make emission data available http://service.eea.eu.int/
•
From 2003 onwards assist in the collection and dissemination
of the European Pollutant Emissions Register (EPER)
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Contributions to CAFE
• Support data flow and data access
• Produce air state and outlook reports and
develop indicators
• Review sectoral emission projections
• Explore air-CC cross-benefits
• Link urban air quality to wider assessment
framework
• Contribute to health impact studies
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19
Emissions of acidifying gases
20
60%
Reduction 2010 compared to BL-2010
PM10
Acidification & Trop O3
50%
Climate change
40%
30%
20%
10%
0%
CO2
SO2
NOx
VOC
P Index
PM10
HMs
PAHs
Diox/Fur
Spillover effects of climate change policies; acidification and tropospheric ozone
policies and primary PM10 measures in the accelerated policy scenario. Source:
RIVM (2000)
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Exceedance of the EU human health threshold
value for ozone in urban areas in EEA18
Average number of exceedance days
O3: Average number of exceedance days in urban areas
(8h >110 ug/m3)
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
1990
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1991
1992
1993
1994
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
Integrated Assessment
Economy & population
D
energy
transport
P
CO2
GHG
S
SO2
NO2
regional
23
industry
SO2
O3
PM10
agriculture
NOx
SO2
VOC
NO2
urban
tourism
NHx
O3
PM10
PM10
Emissions
Air quality
Essential conditions for success
• Cooperation with other international organizations
• Close interaction with stakeholders
• Well connected to sectors
• Involving accession countries
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