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OECD/EEA database for economic
instruments: a short history
EEA updates taxes
and adds data for
other EI: 14
countries
EEA adds data
on taxes for
13 countries
EEA and OECD
agree on
collaboration:
expand database
to all economic
instruments
EU and OECD agree
on definition of
environmental taxes
and setting up a
database: 29 countries
1998
1999
2000
New database
online: 42
countries
EEA starts
update for 15
countries
Definition:Environmentally related taxes are defined as any
compulsory, unrequited payment to general government levied on
tax-bases deemed to be of particular environmental relevance.
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
2006
2007
EEA member and collaborating countries
OECD/EEA database on economic instruments for the environment:
countries under responsibility of the EEA
Albania
Bosnia&Herzegovina
Bulgaria (EU)
Croatia (acceding EU)
Cyprus (EU)
Estonia (EU)
FYR of Macedonia (acceding EU)
Latvia (EU)
Liechtenstein
Lithuania (EU)
Malta (EU)
Montenegro
Romania (EU)
Serbia
Slovenia (EU)
Aims of this project
-
To update the information in the database on
the 15 EEA countries non OECD members
(request by the European Commission)
-
To encourage the creation of networks at
national level for a regular update of the
database – not only environmental experts
Through the OECD approach: involvement of
national officials working on the instruments
The OECD/EEA database and other institutions
-
European Commission:
-
-
-
-
Eurostat: starting cooperation with OECD to use the
same data on revenues of environmental taxes in the
EU27
DG Taxud: recently launched a EU tax database –
taxes over 0.1% of GDP (many environmental taxes
are out) – starting dialogue
DG Environment: supporting the database
UN:
-
SEEA2003: cooperation with Eurostat on further
definition of environmental taxes and subsidies
(Swedish Statistics)
The OECD/EEA database: added value
-
-
Not only taxes
More comparability with non EU
countries (i.e. the non EU OECD
countries)
Data collection on non EU countries in
Europe (2 are with an acceding status)
“living” database: users can extrapolate
data they need