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Trojan War, 13th or 12th c. BC
Plain of Latium
Turnus of the Rutuli
Alba Longa
Rhea Silvia
R. Tiber
Romulus and Remus
Romulus (r. 753-15 BC)
Numa Pompilius (r. 715-673): Religion
Tullius Hostilius (r. 673-42): Senate house,
conquest of Alba Longa
Ancus Marcius (r. 642-17): Extends Roman
territories, builds port at Ostia
Tarquinius Priscus (Tarquin the Elder, r. 616579): Etruscan, builder, incl. of Cloaca
Maxima and temples on Capitoline
Servius Tullius (r. 578-35): Former slave,
city wall, governing assembly
Lucius Tarquinius Superbus (Tarquin the Proud,
r. 535-10/09): Married to Tullia, tyrant,
expanded Roman territory but driven out
by Roman aristocracy
Rape of Lucretia
Sextus Tarquinius
Lucius Junius Brutus, first Consul
c. 900 BC First inhabitants at hills destined to
become Rome
mid-8th c. BC Unification of settlements
Republic (res publica)
390 BC Gauls sack Rome
338 BC Romans defeat Latin opponents, assert
control over Latium
Roman citizenship
Latin rights
Citizenship without vote
295 BC Romans defeat Samnites, Umbrians
Etruscans and Gauls at Sentinum
280 BC Inhabitants of Tarentum call in help
of Pyrrhus of Epirus
275 BC Romans defeat Pyrrhus at Beneventum
272 Death of Pyrrhus. Surrender of Tarentum
Roman style of rule
Titus Livius (c. 59 BC-17 AD)
Early life in Patavium (Padua), then moved to
29 BC Began Ab Urbe Condita (From the
Founding of the City)
Never held public office
Suspected of republican sympathies by
Emperor Augustus (r. 31 BC-14 AD)
Published work in installments
Died in Patavium