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LET’S WRITE! “crescit eundo” Parliamentary taxation Mercantile system French/Indian War Sugar Act Stamp Act and repeal Townshend Acts Intolerable Acts Boston Tea Party Sam Adams Committees/ Correspondence Restrictions/ Civil Liberties Tax Laws (?) Writs of Assistance Quebec Act Military occupation Quartering of troops Representation question Port closures Grievances listed in Declaration British Military Measures Intolerable Acts Boston Massacre Crispus Attucks Lexington and Concord Legacy/ Religious/ Political John Locke/ Social Contract Declaration of Independence Glorious Revolution and rise of middle class Whig perspective Passion for freedom Great Awakening Tom Paine – Common Sense Argument over representation Go to the next page for help with structure! Evaluate the relative importance of the following as factors in prompting Americans to rebel in 1776: parliamentary taxation; restriction of civil liberties; British military measures; the legacy of colonial religious and political ideas. (1992 exam) YOUR TASK Construct a 500 word response to this essay question by 3:30 on the announced due date! I’m helping you with possible information that could be utilized. Also, the diagram on the reverse should help you figure out how you “lay out” your essay. We will work through the intro paragraphs together. Plan to spend some class time on this! Write your essay out (long hand) – that is what you will do on the semester final and the national exam. Rough it out first, then recopy using black or blue pen and front sides of paper only! Listen for my explanation as to how these will be graded! HERE’S HOW YOU SET UP AN ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY: NOTE: On this first essay, do not worry too much about the conclusion paragraph! Lead Paragraph You need to have a clear thesis statement. In addition you must have “proof” statements. These can be embodied in one sentence, or several sentences. The point of the proof statements is to tell the reader where you are going. How are you going to get from Point A to Point B? (model lead paragraph) The rebellion of 1776 was a complex event. While several actions by the British government certainly helped spur the revolution, it was the legacy of colonial religious and political ideas that played the primary role. The concept of republicanism, the growth of selfgovernment, and the powerful impulse for religious freedom paved the way for revolution. (model body paragraph) Republicanism, a popular idea among political leaders in colonial America, promoted the idea that power rested with the people themselves, not monarchs or aristocrats. Enlightenment era political thinkers looked to the ancient republic of Rome for inspiration in this regard, as evidenced by artwork and architecture of the period. The Glorious Revolution in England (1688-89), occurring nearly a century prior to our Revolution, promoted the power of the people as reflected by Parliament’s authority over the King. The writings of John Locke, especially concerning the Social Contract through which the leaders and people had mutual responsibilities to one another, clearly influenced our founding fathers. The point is that by the time specific conflicts between the British King and the American colonials began to occur after the French and Indian War, there was a legacy of republicanism already in place. COMMENTARY: NOTE THE FOLLOWING ABOUT THIS PARAGRAPH: 1. Note that it corresponds with my “proof” statements from the lead paragraph. 2. There are connecting words (I’ve underlined those for the purposes of teaching here, but you wouldn’t do that when you write). Those are words that will tie your essay together, remind the reader of the question, and DRIVE HOME YOUR THESIS. 3. Note that my last sentence in the body connects back to the first part of my thesis statement. 4. ALSO, and this is important, notice that I have PARTICULAR INFORMATION and EXAMPLES to support what I’m saying. I have those enlarged. This more than anything else, differentiates an argumentative essay in history from the creative writing style that you have learned. You must provide historical information. What would the next body paragraph be about? And, how about the third one? OK, and for those of you that are ready to try something a little more sophisticated, attempt to use a technique called “looping” in which you connect the next paragraph to the preceding one by using transitional phrasing. For example, my next paragraph may start like this: “In addition to the tradition of republicanism, colonial people had been given much freedom to government themselves.” Talk about cool!