Download Answers - Schoolwires.net

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Egyptian language wikipedia, lookup

Plagues of Egypt wikipedia, lookup

Index of Egypt-related articles wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Egyptian funerary practices wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Egyptian race controversy wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Egyptian medicine wikipedia, lookup

Nubia wikipedia, lookup

Middle Kingdom of Egypt wikipedia, lookup

Prehistoric Egypt wikipedia, lookup

Military of ancient Egypt wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Egyptian religion wikipedia, lookup

Ancient Egyptian technology wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
Name ________________________________
Study Guide for Ancient Egypt Test (Chapters 7-12)
Locate and determine the main idea of each textbook chapter in the Egyptian Unit.
Ch. 7:Geography of Egypt
Ch. 10: Kingdom of Kush
Ch. 8: The Pharaohs of Egypt
Ch. 11: Origins of the Kingdom of Israel
Ch. 9: Social Classes and Daily Life
Ch. 12: Preserving Judaism
Egyptian Culture
Importance of the Nile
Egyptian Religion
The Nile and its flooding helped the Egyptians grow
crops. The Egyptian lives and civilization revolved
around the River. They created the Shaduf and Nilometer
Ra, Horus, Osiris, Isis, and Thoth to name a few. The gods and
goddesses were part of the culture. People believed the gods
looked after them. In the Afterlife, people could live forever.
Pyramids in Egypt
Mummification
Large monuments and tombs built during and before the
Old Kingdom Period of Egypt. This showed the power
and might of the Pharaoh. These tombs were filled with
resources for the after life.
It was important for Egyptian bodies to be preserved to “live
on forever”. The Egyptian dried out the body with Natron, and
removed the organs to store in Canopic Jars. The Mummies
were wrapped and priests would oversee the process.
Pharaoh
Government Officials
Priests
Scribes
Artisans
Peasants












Egyptian Social Structure
Means great house
Rule and view of as a a god
Wealthy leaders and advisors in society
Viziers, treasurers, and
Responsible for religious ceremonies
Followed many rules
Went to school for 12 years
Responsible for writing and recording information
Craftsmen, made things with hands
Highly skilled but not often praised for work
3 major seasons: flooding, planting, harvesting
farming and hard labor for building monuments
Identify the following people and their contributions to their empire/culture.
King Narmer
 Powerful/strong leader
 Unified upper and lower Egypt
 Built the Great Pyramid
Pharaoh Khufu
 Mixed reactions between subjects: Viewed as Harsh and Kind
Pharaoh Hatshepsut
 First female Pharaoh
 Increased trade and women rights in religion
Pharaoh Senusret I
 Supported art and architecture; created the White Chapel
 Worshipped as a god by his people
 Changed culture to worship a single god, Aten (Aton) Sun God
Pharaoh Akhenaten
 Many Egyptians were upset with this religion
Date and Briefly describe the following Egyptian Time Periods.
Pharaoh Hatshepsut,
Ramses II, & Akhenaten
Pharaoh Khufu
A time of Powerful Pharaohs.
1. Life centered around
the Nile River
The most powerful time in
Egyptian History; great military
might.
Middle
Kingdom
Old Kingdom
New
Kingdom
Pharaoh Senusret I
A time when artisan and art
was encouraged. The Pharaoh
was a guiding ruler.
Overview – Fill-in the chart below with key information
Kingdom
Of Kush
Kingdom
of Israel
Date Range
Location
Settled –
4000 B.C.E.
The
headwaters of
the Nile
(South of
Egypt) –
Modern Day
Sudan
Civilization
flourishes
1700 B.C.E. –
350 C.E.
Hebrew
People Group
formed
About 2,000
B.C.E.
About 1,000
B.C.E. – 605
B.C.E.
Canaan
(Modern Day
Palestine)
Remembered
for…
Unique culture
and resources.
A large
wealthy
trading
kingdom.
QueenMothers ruled
the kingdom.
Relationship
to Egypt
Ruled by
Egypt During
the New
Kingdom
Period. Kush
ruled Egypt
for 100 years.
Traded
frequently
According to
the Torah, The
The Faith of
Hebrew
Judaism –
people lived
monotheism,
and worked as
equality, social
laborers/slave
justice, etc.
s during The
New Kingdom
Important Ruler(s)
King Piye – Conquered
Egypt
Queen Aminerneas – kept
Kush free from Rome
Abraham – “Father of the
Hebrews”
Moses – led the Hebrew
people out of Egypt
David – Made the political
and religious capital
Jerusalem
Solomon – known for
wisdom and build a
Temple
Religion – compare/contrast using the venn diagram below
Polytheism
Monotheism
Belief in
multiple gods
Gods have limited
power over nature
An older form of
religion
Examples:
Hindu
Belief in one god
Still around today
Belief in god
Many different
forms
One God has more
power
More modern
form of written
religion
Example:
Judaism