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Transcript
1.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Evolution is the
age of fossils
beginning of life in the ocean
change in organisms over a period of time
migration of organisms
similarity of organism
2.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Lamarck's theory of evolution
focused on plants rather than on animals
correctly explained how a giraffe got its long neck
used the term "struggle for existence."
stated that acquired traits were passed to offspring
3.
a.
b.
c.
d.
The scientist who suggested the same theory as Darwin was
Lyell
Lamarck
Wallace
Aristotle
4.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Natural selection is the process by which
organisms compete for food
organisms with traits well suited to the environment survive and reproduce
adaptations are passed from one generation to the next
all answers are correct
5.
a.
b.
c.
d.
What is the name of the ship on which Darwin became the ship's naturalist?
The HMS Turtle
The HMS Beagle
The HMS Pinafore
The Jolly Roger
6.
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.
Which is used to provide evidence for the theory of evolution?
Fossils
Biochemistry
Embryos
Anatomy
All of these
7. The number and location of bones of many fossil vertebrates are similar to those in living vertebrates. This is
evidence in support of which of the following concepts?
a. inheritance of acquired characteristics
b. common ancestors
c. analogous structures
d. convergent evolution
8. In humans, the pelvis and femur, or thigh bone, are involved in walking, In whales, the pelvis and femur
shown in the diagram are
a. examples of fossils.
b. vestigial structures.
c. analogous structures.
d. examples of natural variations.
USE THE FOLLOWING KEY FOR THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
ANALOGOUS STRUCTURE
CAMOUFLAGE
GRADUALISM
HOMOLOGOUS STRUCTURE
NATURAL SELECTION
PUNCTUATED EQUILIBRIUM
VESTIGIAL STRUCTURE
9. Any structure that is reduced in function in a living organism but may have been used in an ancestor.
10. The concept that evolution occurs over long periods of stability that are interrupted by geologically brief
periods of change.
11. The mechanism for change in a population in which organisms with favorable variations live, reproduce, and
pass on their favorable traits.
12. A structural adaptation enabling an organism to blend in with its environment.
13. Body parts with the same basic structure are called ____ structures. They suggest a common ancestry.
14. Body parts that are similar in function but not in basic structure such as wings of birds and wings of insects are
called ________ structures.
_______________________________________________________________________
15.
a.
b.
c.
d.
Which statement is part of Darwin's theory of natural selection?
Natural selection causes variations to occur in species
Acquired traits are inherited based on use and disuse
Competition between organisms occurs due to limited resources
Variations between organisms are quite rare, and thus insignificant.
16. Fossils of two different organisms, A and B, are found in different undisturbed layers of rock. The layer
containing fossil A is located above the layer containing fossil B. Which statement about these fossils is most
likely true?
a. fossil B is older that fossil A.
b. fossils A and B represent organisms that are closely related and evolved from a common ancestor.
c. fossil A represents an organism that evolved from fossil B.
d. fossil B represents an organism that evolved from fossil A