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Power Supply Power supply - Internet URL http://www.pcguide.com/ref/power/sup/index.htm Purpose of the Power Supply • Convert household power into a form the computer can use. • Provides power to every device in the computer. • The Power Supply converts AC (alternating current) which is external power to DC (direct current) internal power that the computer can use. Roles of the Power Supply Link to the Role of the Power Supply • Stability – provides sufficient power to PC. • Cooling - The power supply contains the main fan that controls the flow of air through the PC case. • Energy Efficiency - Newer PC power supplies work with components to reduce the amount of power they consume when idle. • Expandability - The capacity of your power supply is one factor that will determine your ability to add new drives to your system • A power supply is responsible for 28% of Household Power & Problems • Household Power – the external power source that comes into the wall. • Power Problems that may lead to power supply problems. – Line Noise – Surges – Lightening strikes – Brownouts – Blackouts Line Noise • Line Noise - Line noise consists of small variations in the voltage level delivered to the computer. Noise that the power supply cannot handle can cause it to malfunction and pass the problem on to your motherboard or other internal devices Surges • This is a temporary increase of voltage that can last just a few thousandths of a second, but in this time the voltage can increase from 110 to 1,000 volts or even higher. • Voltage surges can disrupt or even damage your computer equipment Lightening Strike • Enormous amount of electricity involved in a storm, a strike near your PC--near meaning within several miles--can induce currents in metal objects. • Any wire that comes in from the outside and attaches to your PC can become a conduit for a pulse of destructive energy such as a telephone line or power cord. Brownout and Blackout • Brownout - when a brownout occurs, the voltage drops from its normal level to a lower voltage and then returns; in some ways, it's like the opposite of a surge. • Blackout - A blackout, of course, is when the power totally fails. Parts of the Power Supply Internal Power Parts of the Power Supply • Power supplies generate high voltages internally and can be dangerous. • Unless you have been specifically trained to work inside power supplies, you should not open one. Power Supply Specs Input Voltages and Tolerances • Input Voltage Range – acceptable range of input – 85v-135v AC or 170v-270v AC • Output Rating (Watts) – output of power measured in watts Voltage Selector Switch • Normally dual voltage selector to be set at either 110/220v. • 110 – Normal voltage setting • 220 – For settings out of the U.S. • If a 110v is set to 220v damage can occur. Motherboard Connector • Most important connection. • Supplies power to other devices through the motherboard. • Wires are made of copper. ATX 20 pin Older P8 & P9 Or P1 & P2 Drive Connectors • The power supply provides power to internal hard disk, floppy disk, CD/DVD and other drives directly, through four-wire connectors that are designed to attach to the rear of each drive • The number of connectors that come with a system may vary. • There is a specific smaller floppy drive connector. • Multiple larger four pin connectors may be used on hard drives, CD-ROMS, and DVD. Drive connectors Hard drive CD-ROM Floppy drive Power Supply Fan • Primary cooling source for the entire PC. • Power supply fans may be made of different components and move different levels of air. • The fan is usually the first piece of the power supply to fail because of dirt in the air. • Most computers use additional auxiliary fans to help cool the entire PC.