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Transcript
Energy from the Sun
Workshop
Introduction to Photovoltaics
Electricity Basics
•
•
•
•
•
•
Electrical Current – how many electrons
Voltage – how hard they’re pushed
Power – what they can accomplish
Circuit – where they can go
Series Circuit – one pathway only
Parallel Circuit – so many choices!
Parallel vs. Series Circuits
Parallel circuits
• maintain potential
(voltage is constant)
• Current is divided
among components
• If one light goes out,
the others stay lit
Series circuits
• maintain electrical flow
(current is constant)
• Voltage is divided
among components
• Easy to open circuit
quickly
DC vs. AC
Direct Current
• “Battery power”
• Electronics use
• Requires prohibitively
high voltage to
transmit over long
distance
Alternating Current
• EASY to generate
• Can be transformed in
voltage
• Can be limited while
keeping voltage high
• Can be transmitted
over long distance
without super-high
voltage
Photovoltaics
PV Cell
Conversion Efficiency
PV Array
Components
oPV Cells
oModules
oArrays
PV System Components
Net Metering
Net Metering Participation
PV Array Fields
Source: Solarbuzz, a part of The NPD Group
• Clean
• Sustainable
• Free
• Provide electricity to remote
places
Advantages of Solar Energy
Disadvantages of Solar Energy
• Less efficient and costly equipment
• Part Time
• Reliability Depends On Location
• Environmental Impact of PV Cell
Production
Classroom Photovoltaics
• Experiments help students understand the
conditions needed for optimal power
production
• Focus of secondary-level solar curriculum
• Use digital multimeters
Using a Digital Multimeter
DC Voltage
Scale
Resistance
Scale. Do
not use.
Indicates
voltage from
alternating
current. Do not
use.
DC Current
Scale
For More Information
If you have questions, we have answers:
• www.need.org – our website
• [email protected] – questions about NEED
• [email protected] – questions about this
workshop
• 1-800-875-5029 – NEED main office phone
number