Download hinduism a brief outline.cwk (WP)

Survey
yes no Was this document useful for you?
   Thank you for your participation!

* Your assessment is very important for improving the work of artificial intelligence, which forms the content of this project

Document related concepts

Rajan Zed prayer protest wikipedia, lookup

Women in Hinduism wikipedia, lookup

Hindu wikipedia, lookup

Buddhism and Hinduism wikipedia, lookup

Anti-Hindu sentiment wikipedia, lookup

Indra's Net (book) wikipedia, lookup

Invading the Sacred wikipedia, lookup

History of Shaktism wikipedia, lookup

Hinduism in Indonesia wikipedia, lookup

Brahman wikipedia, lookup

Hindu views on evolution wikipedia, lookup

Brahma Sutras wikipedia, lookup

Neo-Vedanta wikipedia, lookup

Om wikipedia, lookup

Vishishtadvaita wikipedia, lookup

History of Hinduism wikipedia, lookup

Hindu deities wikipedia, lookup

Transcript
A BRIEF OUTLINE OF HINDUISM
* Hinduism started about 1500 BCE in the area of India
It’s roots are in the religions of the Indus River Valley
Civilization and the Aryans who lived in India after them.
* Third largest religion in the world
(Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, No Religion, Buddhism)
* They believe in one “god” type force called brahman, but celebrate
brahman in the form of many gods, each with a specific
function
This is because the concept of brahman is too large for mere
humans to comprehend, so they put faces on individual aspects (avatars) of
brahman.
Examples of gods especially important to Hindus as
separate characteristics of brahman are:
- Brahma - The Creator
- Vishnu - The Preserver
- Shiva - The Destroyer
* A Hindu believer’s goal is to achieve moksha (union w/brahman). If you
achieve moksha you come in touch with your atman, your pure self.
* Though they don’t have one sacred text (like a Bible), they do have several
books that hold important spiritual teachings. Examples are the Rig Vedas and
the Upanishads.
* Hindus believe that the soul is constant and is reborn in a process
called reincarnation. Karma is the actions you make that determine your fate
the next time you reincarnate. Will you reincarnate to a higher social caste? Or
will you reincarnate as a rock? To achieve moksha you must reincarnate to the
highest social caste.
Dharma is the religious and moral duties required of someone
depending on what social caste they belong to.
* Hindus (as well as most Eastern religions) believe in ahimsa, non- violence.
* There have been various leaders within Hinduism that have created their own
approach to that religion and have gotten followers. Usually they focus on one
particular aspect of Hinduism more than the rest. An example is Mahariva, who
founded Jainism around 500 BCE. Though it is considered its own separate
religion, Jainism is borne from Hinduism, and focuses on the non-violent
(ahisma) philosophy. They also rejected the ideas of the Brahmin priests as the
only people who could get in touch with the gods (similar to the Protestant
Reformation in Christianity.)
* Another off-shoot religion is the Hare Krishnas.
* Another off-shoot religion is Buddhism.