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Transcript
Technical Specifications
Openlab
1.
Item Code
DL 10280
2.
Specifications
3.
Quantity
FULLY DISSECTABLE EXPERIMENTAL ROTATING TRAINER – didactic equipment
The trainer must be a complete set of components for the assembling a large number of rotating electric machines, for dc and ac.
With this trainer it must be possible to assemble at least the following rotating machines:
Shunt, series and compound excited dc motor
Shunt, series and compound excited dc generator
Induction motors: three-phase slip ring and squirrel cage, single-phase repulsion and with capacitor
Dahlander connection
Synchronous motor
The power of the machines must be of about 200W.
The set of components must include, at least, the following elements:
(1)Base plate
(2)Supports with bearing
(3)Coupling joints
(4) Flexible coupling
(5) Electronic speed transducer
(6)Assembling screws
(7) Wrenches
(8) DC stator : The DC stator must be composed of a metal frame supporting the laminated magnetic circuit, with 2 main poles and 2
interpoles, and the electrical windings. The sheet iron pack must be 60 mm long, with internal diameter of 80 mm. On the poles the
coils must be wound whose terminals are shown on a suitable educational terminal board.
(9) AC stator : The AC stator must be composed of a metal frame supporting the laminated magnetic circuit, because interested by a
flux variable in time, and the electrical winding. The sheet iron pack must be 60 mm long, with internal diameter of 80 mm and
external one of 150 mm and it must present 24 half-closed slots inside of which there must be a double 3-phase winding: the
beginnings and the ends of the different phases must be shown outside the stator on a suitable educational terminal board. The
winding must be a double layer one of the long coil lap type, with winding span 6 (1÷7). Every slot must contain two coils of 19 turns
each of enamelled wire of diameter 1.12 mm.
(10) DC Rotor with commutator: The DC rotor must be composed of a shaft to which the segment commutator must be fixed and of a
magnetic sheet iron pack where 20 semi-closed slots suitable to contain the electrical winding must be set. The sheet iron pack must
be 60 mm long, with external diameter of about 80 mm. The winding must be a double layer one of the long coil lap type, with
winding span 9 (1÷10).Every slot must contain two coils with two sections of 5+5 turns carried out with enamelled wire of diameter
1.12 mm. The winding must be subordinate to the 40 segments of the commutator on which two brushes supported by a brush
holder graze. The brushes must be subordinate to terminals set on two external boards that show the synoptic of the rotor winding.
(11) Brush holder with 2 brushes
Page 1 of 6
Openlab
1.
Item Code
DL 10281
2.
Specifications
3.
Quantity
(12) AC Cage motor : The squirrel cage rotor must be composed of a shaft to which a pack of magnetic sheet irons is fixed, where the
slots suitable to contain the rotor winding must be set. The sheet iron pack must be 60 mm long, with external diameter of about 78
mm. To avoid the phenomenon of the motor crawling in starting phase and to reduce the noise, the slots must be inclined as regards
the stator ones. The rotor winding must be composed of the squirrel cage. The cage must be carried out by setting in every rotor slot
some conducting bars that are closed in short-circuit at both ends by means of some conducting rings. The rotor winding can be
therefore considered a multiphase winding, with a single conductor for pole-phase, so it does not present an its proper pole number
but it assumes one that is equal to the stator winding one.
(13) AC Ring motor : The ring rotor must be composed of a shaft to which the collector rings and a magnetic sheet iron pack must be
fixed: the iron pack must have 21 semi-closed slots suitable to contain the winding. The sheet iron pack must be 60 mm long, with
external diameter of about 78 mm. To avoid a noisy mechanical running the rotor slots must be inclined as regards the stator ones.
The rotor winding must be composed of coils and it must be two pole three-phase. The winding must be a double layer one of the
long coil lap type, with winding span 9 (1÷10). Every slot must contain two coils of 8 turns each of enamelled wire of diameter 1.5
mm. The winding must be star connected and it must be subordinate to the collector rings while the star centre must be internal and
not accessible. The terminals of the rotor winding must be accessible by means of the collector rings on which the bushes supported
by a brush holder graze. The brushes must be two for each phase and they must be subordinate to an external terminal board that
shows the synoptic of the rotor winding.
(14) Brush holder with 6 brushes
(15) A magnetic probe shall be foreseen to display the magnetic fields and for the operator safety a transparent covering shall be
provided preventing from the accidental contact with the rotating parts.
(16) A transparent Plexiglas screen for protection.
It must be supplied with manual in English language.
POWER SUPPLY MODULE – didactic equipment
Outputs in AC:
Three-phase voltage 24 V/14 A.
Three-phase voltage 42 V/10 A.
Variable single phase voltage from 0 to 48 V/5 A.
Variable single phase voltage from 0 to 10 V/12 A.
Outputs in DC:
Rectified voltage with three-phase bridge 32 V/14 A.
Rectified voltage with three-phase bridge 42 V/10 A.
Rectified voltage with variable single phase bridge from 0 to 40 V/5 A.
Rectified voltage with variable single phase bridge from 0 to 8 V/12 A.
On the front panel the following elements shall be included:
Mains supply indicator lamp inserted
Indicator lamps of the voltage range
Page 2 of 6
Openlab
1.
Item Code
DL 10282
2.
Specifications
3.
Quantity
Fixed voltage selector
Dc fixed voltage output switch
Three-phase fixed voltage output switch
Variable voltage selector
Dc/ac voltage changer
Variable voltage output magnetothermic protection
On the back panel the following elements will be included:
Maximum speed protection connector
General differential magnetothermic switch
Fixed voltage output magnetothermic switch
Single phase socket
Supply cord, 3 m long
Three-phase power supply from mains and complete with over-speed protection.
It must be supplied with manual in English language.
ELECTRICAL AND SPEED MEASUREMENT MODULE – didactic equipment
The module shall include two voltmeters and two ammeters for measures both in direct and alternating current and an indicator
instrument for the reading of the rotation speed.
For the operator’s safety a protection against the maximum speed of the machines under test shall be provided.
Indicators (for speed plus voltmeters and ammeters) on the front panel must be digital type.
Voltmeters: identical type, both for direct and alternating current measures: 0 - 99V
Ammeters: identical type, both for direct and alternating current measures: 0 – 19,99A
Rotation speed: instrument indicating the rotation speed with single scale: 0 - 4000 min-1
Maximum speed protection: on the module back there shall be available a multipolar connector to be eventually connected to the
analogue connector set to the supply module described above.
Every time that the rotation speed exceeds the value for which the protection has been foreseen
(higher than 4000 min-1), the measure module shall provide a signal that will be suitable to put out of service the power supply
module. The maximum speed protection system must be particularly suitable to prevent that the direct current motors can reach
the escape speed.
On the front panel the following elements shall be included:
Speed measure connector
Speed indicator
2 Voltmeters
2 Ammeters
AC/DC voltage selectors
AC/DC current selectors
Page 3 of 6
Openlab
1.
Item Code
DL 10283
DL 10284
DL 10285
DL 10310
DL 10185
2.
Specifications
3.
Quantity
On the back panel the following elements shall be included:
Maximum speed protection connector
Socket plug with fuse holder
It must be supplied with manual in English language.
LOADS AND RHEOSTAT MODULE – didactic equipment
This module shall be planned to carry out resistive and capacitive loads suitable for the generators of the electrical machine
laboratory. Besides the same loads, it shall be possible to use it as starting rheostat both for the three-phase asynchronous motors
with winded rotor and for the direct current motors and as starting and running capacitors for the induction single phase motor. This
module shall contain both a load rheostat and an excitation rheostat to adjust the field current.
Resistive load R:
Three fixed resistances: 15Ω/ 90 W.
Capacitive load C:
Three fixed capacitors: 80μF/150 V.
Load rheostat:
Fixed resistance from 1 Ω in series to a variable resistance from 0 to 2 Ω.
Maximum current: 8,5A.
Excitation rheostat
Variable resistance from 0 to 80 Ω.
Maximum current: 1 A.
It must be supplied with manual in English language.
ADAPTER BRACKET – didactic equipment
It shall consist in a necessary item to connect the locking device, the brake or the drive motor.
LOCKING AND ROTABLE DEVICE – didactic equipment
This item must be suitable for locking and rotating the rotor of slip-ring induction motors in order to obtain an induction regulator
and phase transformer.
PARALLEL BOARD – didactic equipment
This item shall consist in a rotating light synchronoscope to perform the parallel connection between synchronous generators or
between the alternator and the mains. It must be housed in metal box with PVC label.
It must be supplied with manual in English language.
POLE CHANGING UNIT – didactic equipment
This item shall consist in a switch to change the number of poles on Dahlander motors.
The panel must have 9 bushes + 1 PE and It must be housed in metal box with PVC label.
The unit must be supplied with manual in English language.
Page 4 of 6
Openlab
1.
Item Code
DL 10125
DL 10300A
DL 10116
DL 10200
DL 10280FF
2.
Specifications
3.
Quantity
STARTING AND SYNCHRONIZATION UNIT – didactic equipment
This item shall consist in a rotor starter for three-phase slip ring motors and excitation device for synchronization with the mains.
The unit must be housed in metallic box with PVC label.
A schematic diagram must allow an easy operation of the unit.
Power supply: 220 V, 50/60 Hz.
The unit must be supplied with manual in English language.
ELECTROMAGNETIC BRAKE – didactic equipment
This item shall include a smooth roll rotor and a salient pole stator.
It shall be provided with water level, arms, weight and balance weight for measuring the output torque of the motor.
There shall be the possibility of assembling a load cell.
It must be possible to couple the electrical machine with other electrical machines through a hub and spider elastic gear ring in
polyurethane. It must be supplied with a hooked module in aluminium with PVC label and safety terminals for the electrical
connection. A schematic diagram must be shown on the hooked module. Each machine must be provided with: (1) a side plate to fix
the unit with screws to the universal base through 4 holes where the machine must remain suspended (construction form IM B14);
(2) a coupling joint with reflecting strip and with diam. 40mm.
The brake must be supplied with manual in English language
STAR/DELTA STARTER – didactic equipment
This item must be suitable for three-phase squirrel cage induction motors.
The panel must have 9 bushes + 1 PE
The unit must be supplied with manual in English language.
DRIVE MOTOR – didactic equipment
This item must operate also as generator.
Technical features:
Power: 200 W - Voltage: 42 V
Speed: 3000 rpm
Excitation: 37 V / 0.3 A
It must be possible to couple the electrical machine with other electrical machines through a hub and spider elastic gear ring in
polyurethane. It must be supplied with a hooked module in aluminium with PVC label and safety terminals for the electrical
connection. A schematic diagram must be shown on the hooked module. Each machine must be provided with: (1) a side plate to fix
the unit with screws to the universal base through 4 holes where the machine must remain suspended (construction form IM B14);
(2) a coupling joint with reflecting strip and with diam. 40mm.
The item must be supplied with manual in English language
FAULTS SIMULATORS – didactic equipment
This item must correspond to a set of 4 masks to insert simulated faults in the machines of this laboratory.
The set must include:
Page 5 of 6
Openlab
1.
Item Code
2.
Specifications
3.
Quantity
• FAULT SIMULATOR FOR A THREE-PHASE CAGE MOTOR
- Short-circuit between two phases
- Break-up of a stator phase
- Break-up of two phases
- Internal short-circuit
• FAULT SIMULATOR FOR A SLIP RING MOTOR
- Short-circuit between two phases
- Break-up of a stator phase
- Internal short-circuit
• FAULT SIMULATOR FOR A SINGLE-PHASE CAPACITOR MOTOR
- Unsuccessful starting of the motor
• FAULT SIMULATOR FOR A COMPOUND EXCITED DC MOTOR
- Unsuccessful starting of the motor
- Break-up of a stator phase
- Shunt excitation circuit reversal
It must be supplied with manual in English language.
Page 6 of 6