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Ancient Egyptian Geography
Vocabulary Words :
cataracts
delta
Menes
pharaoh
dynasty
Create a Circle Map As We Go
Egyptian
Geography
As we make our way through the Powerpoint, please add to this circle
map ideas about Egyptian geography. Exhaust your knowledge. Don’t
add the outer circle yet. We’ll do that later.
Geography and Ancient
Egypt
• Egypt is located in
Northeast Africa.
• It is surrounded by the
Mediterranean Sea, the
Red Sea, Sudan, Libya,
and Saudi Arabia.
• During ancient times,
however, all of the land
around the Nile was
considered Egypt.
The Gift of the Nile
• The Nile is the longest
river in the world.
• The Nile runs about
4000 miles from south
to north and empties
into the Mediterranean
Sea.
• Two-thirds of Egypt's
farming takes place on
the delta.
• A delta is a triangleshaped area of land
made of soil deposited
by a river.
Floods of the Nile
Inundation
June –
September
• The Nile’s floods
were easier to predict
than flood in
Mesopotamia.
• The year was split
into 3 different
seasons:
1.The Inundation
2.The Emergence
3.The Drought
The Emergence
• From October
to February
the land
would
“emerge” and
crops would
be planted.
Drought
• During this part of
the year, the crops
would be
harvested.
• Harvest would take
place from
February to June.
• The Nile made life
possible in this part
of the world.
Egypt’s Natural Borders
The Mediterranean Sea
• Egyptians
were
protected
The Sahara
Desert
Cataracts, or harsh rapids, protected
Egyptians from invaders.
from
invading
peoples
by
natural
barriers.
Plants and Animals of the Nile and
Ancient Egypt
Papyrus
Hippos
Lilies
Crocodiles
Also Found Around the Nile
• Cobras (a symbol of the pharaoh)
• Birds like geese, storks, ibis, pelicans, and
ducks.
• Lions, jackals, and gazelles.
• Granite, limestone, and
sandstone mines.
• Gold, copper, and silver
mines.
Although Not Part of Egypt’s Geography
• Pharaoh is the title used
for rulers of Egypt.
• A dynasty is a series of
rulers from the same
family.
• Menes is considered to
be Egypt's first pharaoh.
• Menes unified upper and
lower Egypt.
• The first dynasty lasted
about 200 years.
Now you may add the outer circle to your map. Also, share at least five things
about Egyptian geography that you learned today.
Egyptian
Geography